38 terms

Unit 3: World Wars

Events of WWI and WWII in chronilogical order
1)Imperialism causes European powers to fight over world's resources. Alliance Systems form. 2)War begins with assination of Archduke Ferdinand 3)The Central Powers are defeated and huge reparations must be paid by them. 4)Territorial integrity & self-determination rejected by European powers, imperialism continues. 5)War begins with Hitler's invasion of Poland. 6)Germany is defeated by the Soviets, Americans, and British. 7)The USA ends the war with Japan by using atomic bombs. 8)U.N. is formed to promote world peace, territorial integrity, & self-determination.
Who made up the Triple Alliance (Central Powers)?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
Who made up the Triple Entente (Allied Powers)?
Britain, Russia, and France
What are the 4 causes of WWI?
Militarism, alliance system, nationalism, and economic imperialism.
What type of warfare did WWI use? Describe the conditions in them.
Trench warfare; lice, rat, and disease infested; trenchfoot; sewage filled.
Germany's huge army and it's desires for more colonies world-wide can be best associated with which 2 causes of WWI?
Militarism and imperialism.
What 2 factors made up the formula taht caused so many military and civilian deaths in WWI?
Old tactics+modern technology.
WWI resulted in what type of treaty at Versailles?
Self-determination and territorial integrity are 2 concepts rejected by the European powers after WWI. What is self-determination?
Local people should be able to pick their own government.
What is territorial integrity?
Native people should live on and own their own traditional land.
What Asian nation took advantage of the rejection of USA's suggestions by Europe and began an imperial empire in the Far East and Pacific Rim?
Who were the dictators of Germany, the Soviet Union, and Italy during the 1930's?
Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Benito Mussolini.
How did they play on the racism and fears of people to get into power?
What were some policies of each of these dictators?
Mussolini: support for Catholic Church, nationalism, antisocialism, and anticommunism. Stalin: 5-year plan for rapid industrialization, collectivitation of farms. Hitler: rearmament, public projects to put people to work, anti-semitism, racism, Social Darwinism, extreme nationalism.
What do people have to give to allow totalitarianism?
Freedom, religious beliefs, rights to do/go/say what they want.
What are the roots of Nazi ideology?
Militarism, nationalism, anti-semitic ideas (Aryan Race Myth), fascism, the Great Depressionn.
What did Hitler refer to his plan to rid the world of the Jews?
The Final Solution.
Who made up the Axis Powers?
Italy, Germany, and Japan.
Who made up the Allies?
England, France, America, and Soviet Union.
What were the 8 things that were the "immediate causes" of WWII?
Alliances, IPEER, Treaty of Versailles, weal League of Nations, Hitlers propaganda, the Great Depression, Japanese imperialism, German aggression, U.S. neutriality, appeasement.
What was Hitler's big mistake in regards to the Soviet Union?
Operation Barbarosa, Battle of Stalingrad.
What was the system of navel warfare used in the Pacific Theater to fight the Japanese?
What caused Japan to surrender to the USA?
The bombs we dropped on Hiroshima and Nagsaki.
What 2 superpowers emerged from WWII?
U.S. and U.S.S.R.
What does bi-polarization mean, in the context of the Cold War?
Every country had to choose between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
What trials established the legal phrase "crimes against humanity"?
THe Nuremberg War Trials.
What new organization did the USA establish that attempts to prevent world wars and solve global problems?
United Nations.
What 2 concepts suggested by the USA at the end of WWI does the U.N. promote world-wide?
Territorial integrity and self determination.
Why was WWII a "global war" and a "total war" when much of the conflict originated in Europe?
The European countries dragged in their colonies all over the world.
What are the 6 effects of WWII that totally influence the world we live in today?
U.S. and U.S.S.R. emerge as superpowers, bi-polarization of Europe, division of Germany, creation of the U.N., space race, computer tech., de-colonization of European Empires (end of imperialism).
Giving into demands to an aggressive country to keep the peace.
The deliberate mass murder of a particular race.
A government that controls the political, economic, social, and cultural lives of its citizans.
Payments made by a defeated country to the victors after a war.
The promotion of a cultural identity of a people based on traditions/language.
The draft of a country's citizens into the army for war.
A person who assists the enemy.
Leader who uses racism and hate to gain power.