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Social Studies, Unit 1 First 20 words and first 10 people
Terms in this set (30)
An overland route from China to the Eastern Mediterranean that was used for trading purposes. It was the only route and was heavily used. Goods included silk, porcelain, eventually gunpowder, the compass, and spices from the East Indies.
Empire located where Turkey is today. The Ottomans controlled the trade routes of the Silk Road. The roads were dangerous and high taxes were charged to use them. This difficulty influenced Europeans to seek another way to get to the goods in China.
The period of rebirth that began in the 1500s, primarily in the Italian kingdoms near Venice and Genoa.
Glorification and respect for the individual and his accomplishments.
Humanism emphasized the abilities and accomplishments of human beings. Humanists believed that people were capable of great things, and therefore admired talented individuals.
artistic technique used during the Renaissance that allows the artist to show objects as they appear at various distances from the viewer
Age of Exploration
The time during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and South America by the Europeans.
"Gold, God, & Glory"
The primary motives for European exploration.
An economic theory under which a country increases its wealth by exporting more goods than it imports; colonies were often used as markets for the mother country's goods.
Another name for the Eastern Hemisphere (Europe, Asia and Africa)
Another name for the newly discovered continents (North and South America)
Term referring to the exchange of goods, ideas and diseases between the Old World and the New World. From Europe to the Americas - Horses, rice, wheat, coffee, smallpox. From America's to Europe - Turkey, potato, squash, tobacco.
A small, light, 3-masted sailing ship developed by the Portuguese in the 15th century. It was capable of handling the open seas.
A water route that Europeans Explorers were searching for (however, it did not exist) between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans through North America.
Triangular Trade Route
The trading of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
A territory or land settled or conquered by a people who leave their country for the purpose of expanding cultural, economic or political power. They settle a new land and maintain relationships with their homeland.
A document granting a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their rights as citizens of the country granting the charter.
Spanish explorers who turned into conquerors of Native American populations in Mexico, Central and South America; The Aztecs were conquered by Cortez in 1520 and the Incas were conquered by Pizarro in 1539.
To sail around the entire globe.
The belief that religion should not be involved with the ordinary social and political activities of a country. In referring to art during this time period, there was a shift from an iconic religious focus to one that brought out the ordinary, everyday human emotions.
Explorer who traveled to the Chinese courts of Kublai Khan and spread knowledge about the east
Through banking and commerce, the Medici family acquired great wealth in the 13th century, and political influence came along with this wealth.
Italian painter and sculptor during the Renaissance. Most famous for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and creating the sculpture of David and the Pieta
Leonardo da Vinci
Sculptor, painter, scientist. Famous works include the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
German inventor who developed a method of printing from movable type. He printed the first book via movable type, the "Forty-Two-Line" Bible.
He created a school of navigation in the 1420s in Portugal which allowed Portugal to become the first European country to successfully sail around Africa to the Indies.
First Portuguese explorer who reached the Cape of Good Hope, the southernmost point of Africa (in 1488).
Vasco da Gama
First explorer to round Africa to get to India (in 1497). He returned home in 1499.
Explorer for Spain who was seeking to find a sea route to the Indies by sailing west (not around the southern tip of Africa). He discovered Hispaniola and began what became known as the Columbian exchange of goods, culture and diseases.
An Italian merchant who travelled shortly after Columbus. He was the first to describe the coastline of Brazil. The Americas were named after him because he was the explorer that realized that the Americas were not the East Indies as Columbus had thought but an entirely New World.
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