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25 terms

APUSH CH 38 Terms

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McCarthyism
Term for making ruthless and unfair charges against opponents, such as those leveled by a red-hunting Wisconsin senator in the 1950s
Brown V. Board of Education
Supreme Court ruling that overturned the old Plessy V. Ferguson principle that black public facilities could be "separate but equal"
Massive Retaliation
The doctrine upon which Eisenhower and Dulles based American nuclear policy in the 1950s
SEATO
An Asian alliance, set up by Secretary Dulles on the model of NATO, to help support the anti-communist regime in South Vietnam
Suez Canal
The British-and French-owned waterway whose nationalization by Egyptian President Nasser triggered a major Middle East crisis
Sputnik
A soviet scientific achievement that set off a wave of American concern about Soviet superiority in science and education
IBM
Major international corporation that symbolized the early computer and "information age"
U2
High-flying American spy plane, whose downing in 1960 destroyed a summit and heightened Cold War tensions
The Feminine Mystique
Betty Friedan's 1963 book that launched a revolution against the suburban "cult of domesticity" that reigned in the 1950s
Cuba
Latin American nation where a 1959 communist revolution ousted a U.S.-backed dictator
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Soldier who kept the nation at peace for most of his two terms and ended up warning America about the "military-industrial complex"
Joseph R. McCarthy
Reckless and power-hungry demagogue who intimidated even President Eisenhower before his bubble burst
Earl Warren
Controversial jurist who led the Supreme Court into previously off-limits social and racial issues
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Black minister whose 1955 Montgomery bus boycott made him the leader of the civil right movement
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese nationalist and communist whose defeat of the French led to calls for American military intervention in Vietnam
Ngo Dinh Diem
Anti-communist leader who set up a Pro-American govt to block Ho Chi Minh's expected takeover of all Vietnam
Betty Friedan
Writer whose 1963 book signaled the beginnings of more extensive feminist protest
Adlai E. Stevenson
Eloquent Democratic presidential candidate who was twice swamped by a popular Republican wear hero
Billy Graham
Popular religious evangelical who effectively used the new medium of tv
James R. Hoffa
Tough Teamster-union boss whose corrupt actions helped lead to passage of the Landrum-Griffin Act
John Foster Dulles
Eisenhower's tough-talking secretary of state who wanted to "roll back" communism
Nikita Khrushchev
Blustery Soviet leader who frequently challenged Eisenhower with both threats and diplomacy
Fidel Castro
Latin American revolutionary who became economically and militarily dependent on the Soviet Union
Richard Nixon
Red-hunter turned world-traveling diplomat who narrowly missed becoming president in 1960
John F. Kennedy
Youthful politician who combined television appeal with traditional big-city Democratic politics to squeak out a victory in 1960