Putting Reading First Chapter 4 Study Guide- Part 1
Terms in this set (20)
What refers to the words we must know to communicate effectively?
What refers to words that we recognize or use in print?
What refers to words that we use speaking or recognize in listening?
Readers that use the words they ahve heard to make sense of the words they see in print (ex. Reader comes to the owrd "dig" in a book; the reader begins to figure out the sounds represented by the letterd,i,g, the readers recognizes that the sounds make up a very familiar word that he/she has seen many times? these readers have a mroe dificult time reading words taht aren't already part of their oral vocabualry are categorized as:
Vocabulary is very important to reading comprehension. True or False
Listening, Reading, Written and Speaking
The four types of vocabulary are: ____ words we need to know & understand what we hear; ___words we need to know to understand what we read; ____words we use in writing and ____words we use when we speak.
Scientific reserach on _____ reveals that most vocabulary is learned indirectly and some vocabulary must be taught directly.
They read extensively own their own; they listen to adults read to them and they engage daily in oral language
Children learn word meanings indirectly in three way, and they are:
Children learn word meanings from listening to adults read to them and conversations about books help children to learn new words and concepts and to relate them to their prior knowledge and experience. True or False
Children learn many new words by reading extensively on their own; more reading on their own and the more words they encounter and the more word meanings they learn. True or False
Young children learn word meanings through conversations with other people, especially adults. Engaging in these conversations, children often hear adults repeat words several times and hear new & interesting words. True or False
Students learn vocabulary ____ when they hear and see words used in many different contexts (ex. Through conversations with adults, through being read to and through reading extensively on their own).
Students learn vocabulary___when they are explicitly taught both individual words and word-learning strategies; this also aids in reading comprehension.
What helps students learn difficult words, such as words taht represent complex concepts that are not part of the students' everyday expressions and instructing on vocabulary relevant to a given text leads to better reading comprehension?
Specific Word Instruction
What can teach individual words and can deepen students' knowledge of word meanings; indepth word knowledge of word meanings and can help students understand what they are hearing or reading?
Comprehend the text better
Teaching importatn vocabulary before reading can help students both learn new words and _____.
Students learn new words better when they encounter them often and in various contexts; the more they see, hear, and work with specific words, the better they seem to learn them. True or False
When teachers provide extended instruction that promotes active engagement, they give students repeated exposure to new words and when the students read those same words in their texts, they increase their exposure to the new words. True or False
Specific Word Instruction
A teacher plans to have his/her 3rd grade class read the novel "Stone Fox" by John Garrner and in the novel a young boy enters a dogsled race in hopes of winning prize money to help his grandpa pay taxes on his farm. The teacher knows that the students need to understand the concept of "taxes" in order to understand the movel's plot. So before the students start reading the teacher may do several things to make sure they understand what the concept means and its importance to the story. This is an example of what type of instruction?
Engaging students in a discussion to explain a new concept in the text and reading sentences from a book that contains the new concept, ask students to use the context and thier prior knowledge to try to figure out what it means and use the new concept in a sentence are all ways to help teach students specific word instruction. True or False
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