BFA Studio test
BFA studio test spring 2013
Terms in this set (84)
A thick application of paint on canvas or other supports.
A type of art, usually commercial in character, based primarily on anecdotes or story situations that stress subject or or narrative in preference to serious considerations of aesthetic quality.
The indication where sky and earth would appear to meet if the ground were perfectly flat and nothing blocked the view. It also corresponds to the eye level of the viewer.
arbitrary or subjective
Hues are chosen by the artist without regard to the "real" color of the object.
A still visible remnant or under drawing that indicates a change made between an earlier stage of drawing and the finished composition. (Italian for "Change of mind").
A print pulled from a plate that already has an image on it, in contrast to a monotype, where the surface is un-worked but painted.
two point perspective
Parallel lines converge at two points on the horizon.
A scientific method of determining the correct placement of forms in space and the degree to which such forms appear to diminish in size at a given distance.
The surface coating of a support, on which color is applied.
A printmaking process that uses a sheet of linoleum as the printing surface. The linoleum is gouged or cut to produce an image or texture, than inked and printed.
Portable surface for mixing colors.
The metal tube from which the hairs of a brush protrude.
A painting ground commonly made from chalk and glue.
Colors established by mixing primary and secondary hue.
A chemical substance, usually a metallic salt, which accelerates the drying process of a paint film by absorption of oxygen.
Colors that are produced when white light is passed through a prism.
Symbols in a work of art specific to a given culture.
A highly fluid, thin, transparent application of a painting or drawing medium, especially those that are water soluble.
The quality of paint that will not allow light or other pigments to show through.
Crosses or other marks that are used to help align the different plates or blocks of a color print.
mondrian tool and grid
To generate countless vertical and horizontal comparisons between two prominent points within your visual field. Used for measuring and counting distances and shapes within a form.
Achromatic painting in various tones of gray.
Any transparent coat of paint superimposed over a dry coat of paint so that the under-color filters through.
A technique for producing the illusion of an object's extension into space by contracting its form is called?
A printmaking method in which the inked surface of a plate or block is printed.
Anything painted in several colors.
An additive used to control the application properties of a color. It is also defined as the vehicle in which the pigment is dispersed.
dry brush technique
A method of painting in which paint of a dry or stiff consistency is stroked across the canvas.
The aptitude, skill or manual dexterity in the use of tools and materials.
An enclosed negative space that is characterized as an opening or a hole.
A painting technique in which the artist applies wet paint to an already wet surface.
A type of drawing, using systematic drawing procedures, that is generally concerned with essential structural features. Readjusting diagonal and searching lines to reposition a shape according to its height and width-plotting the forms and shapes.
The natural color of an object as seen by the eye.
The number of prints pulled from a plate, not counting the trial proofs and the artists proofs.
The compliment of red-orange.
core of shadow
A term for the most concentrated area of dark area on a spherical surface that receives no illumination
A type of sculpture that is designed to move and change through time.
Colors established by mixing two primaries.
A print pulled from a painted image on a non-absorbent plate such as plexiglas or zinc.
Burned sticks of wood that produce dark, soft, occasionally harsh lines.
A type of painting executed on a freshly laid, damp surface comprised of plaster and glue sizing.
A natural film, usually greenish, that results from oxidation of bronze or other metallic material.
A painting created in tints and shades of one color.
A general category of two-dimensional art forms such as Drawings, Paintings, and Prints.
The intense spots of light that appear on the crest of a surface facing the light source.
A characterization or way of painting in which there is obvious surface texture and the brush strokes are clearly visible and overlap.
A borderline medium, somewhere between painting and drawing that is especially suited for blending hues.
A type of drawing that is based on direct observations.
Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel..
Color substances, usually powdery in nature, which are combined with liquid vehicles to produce paint.
A sculptural technique in which liquid materials are shaped by being poured into a mold.
The color name. The property of color which shows its relationship in terms of wave-length to other colors in the spectrum.
A protective layer, applied to a painting screen or metal plate in printmaking, that is used to define an image by preventing paint, ink or acid from affecting certain areas.
In Sculpture, a quality that pertains to simple massiveness; lacking any significant extensions.
The substance that holds the pigment particles together in a paint formulation and which attaches them to the support.
The compliment of red.
optical color mixing
A phenomenon that occurs from placing distinct hues in close proximity, so that when viewed from a distance a new color is perceived.
White added to a color.
Which hue has the darkest spectrum value?
modeling or chiaroscuro
The change from light to dark on a surface; a technique for creating spatial illusion.
This type of line results in a multiplicity of lines generally suggestive of energy and vitality.
The earliest colors known to man. These colors are prepared from various ores and oxides.
A fine-textured stick drawing medium available in shades of red, brown, and black.
The use of flowing, rhythmical lines that intrigue the eye as they enrich surfaces.
Stored visual concepts that facilitate recognition of objects, but often prevent accurate perception of familiar objects.
A type of shadow that is produced. Shadows thrown by objects onto adjacent planes are always darker than the core of the shadow.
The textural surface of a painting as described through the application and appearance of paint.
A material providing a surface upon which the artist applies collor, collage, etc. Also "holding up" as an anchor base or anchor column often does.
A printing process based on the repulsion of water and grease, usually done on limestone or metal plates.
A drawing that defines the volume or a skeletal structure of an object by using rectangular or elliptical shapes.
A color harmony in which two colors appear directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
A quick, all encompassing simultaneous overview of the wholeness of forms and their relationship in space. It is energetic, flexible, spontaneous and feels the ins and outs of the shapes. It is a right brain activity.
A tranparent medium, soluble in water, that is made from a mixture of pigment and gum arabic.
The dimension which incorporates time with the three dimensions of length, width, and depth.
The color temperature related to blues and greens.
A technique in which paint is applied in a scrubbing motion on the surface of the canvas so as to allow previously applied paint to show through.
The classification of Red, Yellow, and Blue.
The characteristic of a color in terms of lightness and darkness. The amount of light reflected by a color or a neutral.
The three colors in the spectrum that cannot be produced by a mixture of pigments.
A three dimensional structure with a primary open and/or linear appearance, as opposed to a work which has qualities associated with mass or massiveness.
The characteristic of color in terms of its brightness or dullness. The saturation or strength of a color determined by the quality of light that is reflected from it.
Sculptures in which figures project only slightly from a background.
Marks made as parallel lines which define both shape and volume through tonal graduation.
A painting technique involving the application of pigments bound in hot wax.
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