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24 terms

Greek Drama

STUDY
PLAY
Who was the Greek god of theater?
Dionysus
When was Sophocles born
496 BC
When did Sophocles die?
406 BC
What is a skene?
wooden building with three doors through which actors made their entrances and exits
What is a theatron?
where the audience sat
what is the parados?
chorus marching in from the left or right
What is the orchestra?
circular dancing place of the chorus; where performance is held
What was the Thymele?
altar to Dionysus on which sacrifices were made, and which was sometimes used as a stage prop
What was the Proscenium?
level area in front of the skene on
which most of the plays action took place
What is Thespis know for?
Creating the first actor/protagonist and dialogue. Also invented theatrical masks
What is Aeschylus known for?
HIs bald head, adding a second actor, and creation of trilogies in which each episode related to the same theme.
What is sophocles know for?
Adding a third actor, fixing number of chorus to fifteen, introducing painted scenery, making each play of a trilogy seperate in nature, and making stories about human-human relationship rather than human-god relationships.
Who did Sophocles beat in a dramatic competition?
Aeschylus
What is Euripedes known for?
Reduced participation of chorus, including ordinary people as characters in plays, realities of war, criticizing of religion, exuberance, tough decisions, and the sudden appearance of a god.
What were the functions of the chorus?
sets overall mood and expresses theme, Adds beauty (theatrical effectiveness) through song and dance, Gives background information, Divides action - breaks play into scenes, Usually fifteen members, Adds color, movement, spectacle, Offers reflections on events
What were limitations of greek theater?
no violence on stage, no lighting, always outdoors, no curtains, no intermissions, off scene info relayed by messenger, continuous presence of chorus on sage, simple plots, action took place in a single day, and one scene plays.
What were the six parts of a Greek Tragedy?
Prologue, Parados, 1st-4th episodes, choral odes, and exodos
Who were the two main characters in Antigone?
Creon and Antigone
Who was Antigone planning to marry?
Haemon
Who warns creon that the gods side with Antigone?
teiresias
Who does Antigone attempt to bury?
Polyneices
By what method is Antigone sentenced to death?
Getting trapped in a cave
How does Antigone end up dying?
She hangs herself
Who does Creon honor after the battle?
Eteocles