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28 terms

AP Music Theory Review Chp 16

Visual score analysis
STUDY
PLAY
pair of phrases
period
beginning of the melody is the same in both phrases
parallel period
beginning of the melody is different in each phrase
contrasting period
aaba
song form
first A section ends with an authentic cadence in the original key
sectional binary
first A section does not end with an authentic cadence in the original key
continuous binary
AAAA
strophic form
new music for each stanza
through-composed form
AB(1/2A)
rounded binary
exposition -1theme tonic, 2theme dominant/relative major); development;recapitulation (restate exposition)
sonata-allegro form
principal theme alternating with one of more contrasting themes (episodes or digressions) (ABACA, ABACABA, ABCBA)
rondo form
repeating bass theme
basso ostinato
theme and variation with a basso ostinato
passacaglia/chaconne
writing distinct musical lines that sound harmonious when together
counterpoint
one melody line with no harmony or counterpoint, may have one line of rhythmic accompaniment
monophonic
one clearly melodic line with accompaniment or other voices to fill in the chords (other parts are not independent bc either (1) same rhythm as melody (2) purpose to fill chords) (ex. choral music with same rhythms)
homophony
every voice moving together with nearly the same rhythm
chordal homophony
short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern repeated throughout composition
ostinato
broken chords
alberti bass
one melodic line, not limited to chords moving together
melody with accompaniment (sometimes a form of homophony)
type of jazz with syncopated rhythms
ragtime
more than one independent melody at the same time (ex. fugues)
polyphony
theme introduced in one voice and imitated by other voices in succession at different pitch levels
fugal imitation (not only for use in fugues)
one melody, different variations being played at the same time
heterophony
solo with an entire section
soli
general range of a composition
tessitura
actual notes as played by piano
concert pitch
the letter in the name; Bb
Read a C, sound ______. Ex. Bb instruments see and play their C and it sounds like ____.