31 terms

Ch 24: Terms from review sheet, etc.

This is the term for sperm formation, which begins at puberty
This is one of the last steps in the maturation of sperm; this is required for sperm to be able to fertilize an oocyte; typically occurs after ejaculation (I don't remember her saying this in class but it is on review sheet)
Septum (Septa)
This is a wall which divides a cavity or structure into smaller ones
This surrounds and protects the head of the penis (on a male) and acts as the primary erogenous tissue; on a female this surrounds and protects the head of the clitoris
Secondary sex characteristics (male)
Growth of body/facial hair, deepening of voice, broadening of shoulders are all examples of ____ ____ _____ (____)
Secondary sex characteristics (female)
Growth of body hair, enlargement of breasts, widening of hips are all examples of ____ ____ ____ (____)
Gonads (primary sex organs)
This is the general term for the testes in males or the ovaries in females
This is another term for sex cells; sperm in males and ovum (egg) in females
These are the primary sex organs in a female; roughly the same size as testes; lies against the bony lateral wall of the true pelvis
This is the female reproductive cycle; affects all of the reproductive organs; averages 28 days in length
The cessation of ovulation and menstruation in females, normally between the ages of 46 and 54; after this, the ovaries stop secreting estrogens and testosterone, skin thins, bone mass declines, reproductive organs start to atrophy
Ova (ovum)
These are the female gametes; technically, female reproductive cells do not reach this stage until after the completion of meiosis II, after the plasma membrane is penetrated by a sperm
Fallopian tube (Uterine tube/oviduct/salpinx)
This is a tube which begins laterally near an ovary and ends medially emptying into the superior part of the uterus; the site for fertilization
(Salpinx) Infundibulum
This is an open funnel of the lateral end of a fallopian tube; opens into peritoneal cavity; finger-like projections drape over ovary
Uterine tube, oviduct
Another term for fallopian tube is ____ ____ or ____
This term means "flask"; the lateral half of a fallopian tube (just medial to the infundibulum) where fertilization usually occurs
The oocyte's journey is aided by ____ of the smooth muscles in the fallopian tube wall
This is an organ of the female reproductive system; anterior to rectum, posterosuperior to the bladder; function is to receive, retain, and nourish a fertilized egg throughout pregnancy
The surgical removal of the uterus
The outermost layer of the uterus, the outer serous membrane; equivalent to the visceral peritoneum
The bulky middle layer of the uterine wall; consists of smooth muscles that contract during childbirth
The innermost layer of the uterine wall; mucosal lining of the uterine cavity; embryo burrows into here after fertilization
The narrow neck of the uterus; the inferior end of this projects into the vagina; keeps the uterus closed and the fetus within the uterus during pregnancy
A thin-walled tube that lies inferior to the uterus, anterior to the rectum, posterior to the urethra and bladder; provides a passageway for delivery of an infant and received the penis and semen during sexual intercourse
Labia majora
Part of the female external genitalia; two long, hair-covered fatty skin folds (homologue of scrotum); "larger lips"
Labia minora
Part of the female external genitalia; two thin, hairless folds "smaller lips"; enclosed by the "larger lips"
Part of the female external genitalia; a protruding structure composed largely of erectile tissue (sensitive to touch, swells with blood during stimulation); homologous to the penis; contains paired corpora cavernosa like penis (but no corpus spongiosum)
This is the secretion of milk from the mammary glands
A ring of pigmented skin which surrounds a nipple
Lactiferous (Lactiferous ducts carry milk to nipple)
This term means "milk-carrying"
Secondary sex characteristics
These are features induced by sex hormones in the nonreproductive organs