374 terms

Top 10,000 common words

Dictionary definition.
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

abet
Assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage.
abeyance
Suspended action.
abject
Wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect.
accomplice
One associated with another especially in wrongdoing.
acrimony
Bitterness of manner or words.
advocacy
Support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something.
aerate
To supply with oxygen by respiration.
affluence
Abundance; wealth.
agrarian
Pertaining to land or its cultivation.
airplane
An ___ is a vehicle with wings that can fly.
alchemy
A medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to achieve the transmutation of the base metals into gold, the discovery of a universal cure for disease, and the discovery of a means of indefinitely prolonging life.
alto
Voice of the highest adult male pitch.
altruism
Principle of considering the welfare and happiness of others before one's own; unselfishness.
amorous
Moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love.
amphibian
An animal that lives on land and in water.
anagram
Word or phrase made by rearranging the letters of another word or phrase.
annuity
Yearly allowance.
antidote
A remedy to counteract the effects of poison.
apothecary
Druggist; pharmacist.
apposite
Appropriate; fitting.
aquatic
Growing or living in or frequenting water.
aqueduct
A conduit for water.
arbiter
Person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments.
ardent
Full of ardour; enthusiastic.
armada
Fleet of warships.
asexual
Without sex or sex organs.
atone
Make amends for; pay for.
avalanche
Great mass of falling snow and ice.
babble
___ is idle talk.
banknote
A ___ is paper currency.
bedlam
A place, scene, or state of uproar and confusion.
bedrock
Solid rock beneath loose soil, sand, etc.
befriend
Act as a friend to be kind to.
belligerent
Quarrelsome.
betide
Woe ___ somebody.
biographer
Person who writes a biography.
blurt
To utter abruptly and impulsively ? usually used with out.
bodice
Upper part of a woman's dress, down to the waist.
bonanza
Source of sudden great wealth or luck; increase in profits.
bookshelf
A shelf or shelves that hold books.
bough
A branch of a tree; especially: a main branch.
brandish
Wave around; flourish.
breathtaking
Very exciting; spectacular.
bromide
A commonplace or hackneyed statement or notion.
bursar
Person who manages the finances of a school or college.
buttress
1; to furnish or shore up with a ___; also: support, strengthen 2; a projecting structure of masonry or wood for supporting or giving stability to a wall or building.
cache
Hiding place.
callow
Youthful; immature; inexperienced.
canyon
A deep narrow valley with steep sides and often with a stream flowing through it.
capitulate
Surrender; give up all resistance.
cardiac
Of or relating to the heart or heart disease.
caricature
Exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics.
caustic
Burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; op; harmless.
cede
To yield or grant typically by treaty.
cellular
Of or consisting of cells.
chastise
Punish as by beating; criticize severely.
chevron
A sleeve badge that usually consists of one or more ___-shaped stripes that indicates the wearer's rank and service.
chic
Smart elegance and sophistication especially of dress or manner: style.
chiffon
Thin, almost transparent fabric made of silk, nylon, etc.
circumvent
To manage to get around especially by ingenuity or stratagem.
cistern
An artificial reservoir for storing liquids and especially water.
clasp
A device for holding objects or parts together.
clockwork
If something works like ___ it works very smoothly and correctly.
condescend
Bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior.
condole
To express sympathetic sorrow.
congeal
Freeze; coagulate.
connive
___ at something disregard or seem to allow.
conquest
The act or process of conquering.
consonant
A ___ is a sound or letter that is not a vowel; ___s usually do not last long and are less loud than vowels; in a syllable a vowel will be in the middle and ___s might come before or after.
contrive
Invent or fabricate in a clever way; manage.
corollary
Natural consequence.
cosmic
Pertaining to the universe; vast.
covert
Secret; hidden; implied; op; overt.
cowardice
Someone who shows ___ is being afraid, not having courage, not doing something they should do because they are afraid.
crater
A ___ is a circular hole in the ground that is created by the impact of a meteorite or other such object.
credence
Acceptance as true or valid; belief.
creek
A ___ is a kind of waterway; it is like a small river.
crevice
Crack; fissure.
crowbar
Straight iron bar, usu with a hooked end, used as a lever to open crates, move heavy objects, etc.
dabble
To work or involve oneself superficially or intermittently especially in a secondary activity or interest.
dawdle
To move lackadaisically.
debilitate
To impair the strength of: enfeeble.
decadence
The process of becoming decadent: the quality or state of being decadent.
decapitate
Behead.
deceptive
When something is ___, it makes people believe something that is not true.
decibel
A unit for expressing the relative intensity of sounds on a scale from zero for the average least perceptible sound to about 130 for the average pain level.
decompose
If something ___s it changes back into what it was made from; the things it was made from separate from each other; this things are most often chemicals.
deface
Mar; disfigure.
defiant
Showing defiance; openly opposing or resisting somebody/something.
defuse
To make less harmful, potent, or tense.
deity
God or goddess.
deject
To make gloomy.
deleterious
Harmful.
delirious
Suffering from delirium.
deprave
Make morally bad; corrupt.
detour
To send by a circuitous route.
diatribe
A bitter and abusive speech or writing.
diction
Your choice of words the style or way you speak.
diffident
Hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence.
dignitary
Person of high rank or position.
dilate
Expand; ___ on/upon: speak or write at length on.
disconcert
To throw into confusion.
disdain
A feeling of contempt for what is beneath one: scorn.
disfigure
Mar the appearance of; spoil.
disinfect
Clean by destroying germs that cause disease.
dispel
Scatter; drive away; cause to vanish.
dissent
Disagree.
disservice
___ harmful or unhelpful action.
dissipate
If something ___s, it dies out.
dissolution
Disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life.
distrust
Lack of trust; suspicion.
divest
Strip; deprive; dispossess; ___iture.
downstream
If x is ___ from y, x and y are on or beside a river and the water moves from y to x.
draconian
Cruel; also: severe.
ecumenical
Worldwide or general in extent, influence, or application.
egalitarian
A belief in human equality especially with respect to social, political, and economic rights and privileges.
elucidate
Explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten.
embroil
Throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle.
encamp
Settle in camp.
encore
Interj again! repeat!!.
endurance
State or power of enduring.
entrench
Surround or protect with a trench or trenches.
enumerate
To specify one after another: list.
etch
___ something use a needle and acid to make on a metal plate from which copies may be printed.
ethic
An ___ is a rule or idea tell you something is good or bad.
evangelical
Of or according to the teachings of the christian gospel, or the christian religion.
excerpt
Selected passage taken from a longer work.
extant
Currently or actually existing.
exterminate
To get rid of completely usually by killing off.
extravagance
Being extravagant.
exuberant
Joyously unrestrained and enthusiastic.
******
A homosexual male, sometimes used between homosexuals themselves.
fallible
Liable to err.
fallow
Plowed but not sowed; uncultivated.
falter
A: to hesitate in purpose or action: waver B: to lose drive or effectiveness.
fatuous
Complacently or inanely foolish: silly.
fearsome
Frightening in appearance.
fidelity
Loyalty; accuracy.
fieldwork
A temporary structure used in defending or fortifying a place or positio.
flout
To treat with contemptuous disregard: scorn.
fluster
To put into a state of agitated confusion: upset.
flux
Flowing; series of changes; fluctuation.
foist
Insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy.
folio
Large sheet of paper folded once, making two leaves or four pages of a book.
forecourt
Large open area or courtyard in front of a building, esp the front of a filling station where petrol is sold.
foreground
The ___front part of a view, scene, picture, etc; part nearest the observer.
forthright
Free from ambiguity or evasiveness: going straight to the point.
fortitude
Bravery; courage; strength of mind.
foursome
Four people joining together to play a game, esp golf.
fraternal
Of a brother or brothers; brotherly or friendly.
freeway
A ___ is a large road for cars; this is a road that does not cost money to use.
freshwater
If you describe a plant or animal as being ___, you are saying that it lives in fresh water.
frigid
Intensely cold; cold in manner.
frivolous
Intensely cold.
garner
A: granary B: a grain bin.
gentile
N, adj not jewish.
glisten
To give off a sparkling or lustrous reflection of or as if of a moist or polished surface.
glut
An excessive quantity: oversupply.
gravestone
A ___ is a stone on a grave, usually with the name of the dead person written on it.
grotto
Small cavern.
grovel
To lie or creep with the body prostrate in token of subservience or abasement.
habitation
The act of living at a place.
habitual
Regular; usual.
hamstring
To make ineffective or powerless: cripple.
hanker
___ after/for something/to do something have a strong desire for something.
haphazard
Marked by lack of plan, order, or direction.
headlong
Impetuous; rash.
heroine
A female hero.
homogeneous
Of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout.
hyena
A ___ is an animal that looks like a dog; it lives in africa and asia.
idiosyncrasy
Individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; idiosyncratic.
impediment
Hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation.
impersonate
Pretend to be in order to entertain others.
impromptu
Composed or uttered without previous preparation: extemporaneous.
impunity
Freedom from punishment or harm.
inanimate
Lifeless; not animate.
indelible
Not able to be erased.
indivisible
That cannot be divided.
inimitable
Not capable of being imitated: matchless.
inlet
An ___ is a body water that is has land on all but one side, like a bay or a cove.
insular
Characteristic of an isolated people; especially: being, having, or reflecting a narrow provincial viewpoint.
insurrection
Rebellion; uprising.
intercede
To intervene between parties with a view to reconciling differences: mediate.
interject
___ something make that interrupts what somebody else is saying.
interrogate
Question closely; cross-examine; cross-question.
intoxicate
Make drunk; stimulate or excite.
intransigent
Refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude: uncompromising.
intricacy
The quality or state of being intricate.
invincible
Incapable of being overcome or defeated; unconquerable.
isotope
___s are atomic cores belonging to the same element that have the same number of protons, but have a different number of neutrons.
itinerary
Plan of a trip; record of a trip.
jest
An utterance intended to be taken as mockery or humor.
juniper
A ___ is a shrub or tree that has pointed, needle-like leaves and strong-smelling cones.
khaki
A dull yellowish-brown colour, the colour of dust.
kiwi
A ___ is a kind of bird that can't fly.
lava
___ is the molten rock that is spit out of a volcano when it erupts.
lectern
A stand used to support a book in a convenient position for a standing reader; especially: one from which scripture lessons are read in a church service.
legislature
Legislating branch of government.
lexicon
Dictionary.
lifeblood
The blood, considered as vital to sustain life.
limerick
A light or humorous verse form of 5 chiefly anapestic verses of which lines 1, 2, and 5 are of 3 feet and lines 3 and 4 are of 2 feet with a rhyme scheme of aabba.
limousine
A large luxurious often chauffeur-driven sedan that sometimes has a glass partition separating the driver's seat from the passenger compartment.
liqueur
Strong alcoholic spirit, drunk in small quantities esp after a meal.
livid
Lead-colored; black and blue; ashen; enraged; extremely angry.
lofty
Elevated in status: superior.
lubricate
To make smooth or slippery.
majestic
Having or showing majesty; stately; grand.
malevolent
Wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; malevolence.
malicious
Given to, marked by, or arising from malice.
malleable
Capable of being shaped by pounding; pliable; impressionable; easily controlled; tractable.
manhole
A ___ is a large hole in a street that is used to get to the sewers.
mantle
Loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core.
mayhem
A state of chaos, disorder, or disruption.
medley
Mixture.
midget
A ___ is a person little person; a ___'s size is much smaller than normal.
mink
A ___ is a short haired animal that is like a weasel.
mirage
Unreal reflection; optical illusion.
mirage
Something illusory and unattainable.
misgiving
A feeling of doubt or suspicion especially concerning a future event.
misrepresent
To give a false or misleading representation of usually with an intent to deceive or be unfair.
monotone
Having the property either of never increasing or of never decreasing as the values of the independent variable or the subscripts of the terms increase: monotonic.
mottle
To mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained.
multiplicity
State of being numerous or multiple; large number.
mutiny
Rebellion against lawful authority, esp by soldiers or sailors.
myriad
Very large number.
myriad
Having innumerable aspects or elements.
nadir
The lowest point.
nausea
Feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust.
neural
Of the nerves.
neuter
Neither masculine nor feminine in gender.
nimble
Quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding.
nirvana
When a person has reached nivrvana, he no longer wants to have things.
nomad
Member of a tribe that wanders from place to place looking for pasture for its animals and having no fixed home.
nutritious
Providing nourishment.
oboe
An ___ is a woodwind musical instrument.
octagon
Flat figure with eight sides and eight angles.
octave
Note that is six whole tones above or below a given note.
odyssey
A long adventurous journey or trip.
onlooker
An ___ is someone who watches but does not participate.
onslaught
Vicious assault; fierce attack.
orphanage
Home for children who are orphans.
oust
Expel; drive out; force out; ___er: ___ing.
oust
To remove from or dispossess of property or position by legal action, by force, or by the compulsion of necessity.
outcast
One that has been excluded from a society.
outlive
Live longer than.
outstrip
Outrun; surpass; outdo.
pact
Agreement; treaty.
painstaking
Taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through.
paradigm
A system of beliefs, ideas, values, and habits that is a way of thinking about the real world.
paranoia
A tendency on the part of an individual or group toward excessive or irrational suspiciousness and distrustfulness of others.
parity
Equality; close resemblance.
pedagogy
Teaching; art of education.
peeve
To make peevish or resentful: annoy.
penance
Self-imposed punishment for sin.
pentagon
Geometric figure with five sides and angles.
personable
Pleasant or amiable in person: attractive.
personage
Person, esp an important or distinguished one.
peruse
To examine or consider with attention and in detail: study.
pessimism
An inclination to emphasize adverse aspects, conditions, and possibilities or to expect the worst possible outcome.
philanthropy
___ is the giving away of money for charity.
phobia
A ___ is a strong fear of something.
piecemeal
Made or done piece by piece, or occurring slowly.
pigment
A coloring matter in animals and plants especially in a cell or tissue.
pinnacle
An upright architectural member generally ending in a small spire and used especially in gothic construction to give weight especially to a buttress.
placate
Pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease.
plateau
A region of little or no change in a graphic representation.
plethora
Excess, superfluity; also: profusion, abundance.
poise
Good judgment with composure; balance; v: place in a carefully balanced position.
polygon
A ___ is a type of two-dimensional shape; it has three or more corners, which are connected by lines.
populace
The general public; ordinary people.
****
___ is a short word, meaning ___ography.
porous
Capable of being penetrated.
postgraduate
Done after taking a first degree.
postscript
___ extra message added at the end of a letter after the signature.
prairie
Wide area of level grassland, esp in n america; plain2.
predicate
A ___ is the head of a clause and says something about the subject.
prefix
A ___ is an affix that is added to the beginning of a word; in english this usually changes the meaning.
presumptuous
If someone is ___, they don't know the limits of what is appropriate or allowed.
primal
First in rank or importance; being first in time; original.
probate
Official process of proving that a will is correct.
proctor
Either of two officials with responsibility for discipline.
procure
To get possession of: obtain by particular care and effort.
protrude
Stick out; jut; project.
pseudonym
Pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ___ous.
pucker
To contract into folds or wrinkles.
pundit
One who gives opinions in an authoritative manner: pandit, critic.
quotient
A ___ is the result you get when you divide one number by another.
receptor
A sensory nerve ending that changes specific stimuli into nerve impulses.
recline
Lie down.
reconnaissance
A preliminary survey to gain information; especially: an exploratory military survey of enemy territory.
relapse
Return to a former state.
rendezvous
Meeting place; meeting at a set time or place.
reparation
Compensation; amends.
repudiate
To refuse to accept; especially: to reject as unauthorized or as having no binding force.
resolute
Marked by firm determination: resolved.
resuscitate
Revive; bring back to life or consciousness.
retort
Quick sharp reply.
reversion
Reverting.
rhinoceros
Large thick-skinned heavily-built animal of africa and s asia, with either one or two horns on its nose.
rue
Regret; lament; mourn.
ruffle
A strip of fabric gathered or pleated on one edge.
sacrilege
A technical and not necessarily intrinsically outrageous violation of what is sacred because consecrated to god.
saline
Salty.
scathing
Bitterly severe.
scorpion
A ___ is a small animal with eight legs, pinchers, and a tail that stings.
slouch
To walk, stand, or sit with a gait or posture characterized by an ungainly stooping of the head and shoulders or excessive relaxation of body muscles: droop.
slur
An insulting or disparaging remark or innuendo: aspersion.
snarl
To cause to become knotted and intertwined: tangle to growl viciously while baring the teeth.
snout
Projecting nose and mouth of an animal.
sonata
An instrumental musical composition typically of three or four movements in contrasting forms and keys.
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern.
soprano
Singing voice of the highest range for a woman or boy.
sordid
Filthy; foul; base; vile.
spartan
Marked by simplicity, frugality, or avoidance of luxury and comfort.
spasmodic
Fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion.
spawn
To create, in large numbers.
spindly
Of a disproportionately tall or long and thin appearance that often suggests physical weakness.
spinster
Unmarried woman.
springboard
Strong flexible board from which a person can jump high before diving or performing a gymnastic feat.
spurious
False; counterfeit; forged; illogical.
stagecoach
A large four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle formerly used to carry passengers, mail, etc, on a regular route between towns and citie.
stagnate
Be or become stagnant.
starlight
___ is the light from a star other than the sun.
stiletto
Small dagger or tool with a narrow pointed blade.
strut
1; to walk with a pompous and affected air 2; a structural piece designed to resist pressure in the direction of its length.
stupendous
Amazingly large, impressive, good, etc.
stylus
An instrument for writing, marking, or incising.
subdue
To conquer and bring into subjection: vanquish.
subjugate
Conquer; bring under control.
submissive
Submitting to others.
subservient
Behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; subservience.
subterfuge
Deception by artifice or stratagem in order to conceal, escape, or evade.
subway
Underground pedestrian tunnel, esp one beneath a road or railway.
suffrage
Right to vote in political elections.
surmount
Overcome.
sustenance
Sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food.
synthetic
Not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis.
taint
Contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad.
tarnish
Make or become dull or discolored.
temerity
Boldness; nerve; rashness.
tenable
Capable of being held, maintained, or defended: defensible, reasonable.
tenure
Holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held.
thence
From that time/point.
thrall
Slave; bondage; slavery.
torso
Your ___ is a part of your body between your neck and groin.
transitory
Tending to pass away: not persistent.
translucent
Partly transparent.
transpose
Reverse the order or position of.
trash
Useless things that are discarded.
trepidation
Fear; nervous apprehension.
tribune
Official of ancient rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people.
turbulence
State of violent agitation; turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed.
typhoon
A ___ is a kind of storm in the western pacific ocean.
underpants
___ are clothes which you wear under your trousers.
vagabond
Wanderer; tramp.
valiant
Brave or determined.
vampire
A mythical person who is dead but acts alive and drinks blood.
vascular
Part of a living thing is ___ if it has tubes to carry blood, sap or other liquid.
vault
A room or compartment for the safekeeping of valuables.
vector
Quantitythat has both magnitude and direction, eg velocity.
vegetation
Plants in general; those found in a particular environment.
venereal
Pertaining to or proceeding from sexual intercourse.
venom
Poison; hatred.
verbatim
Being in or following the exact words: word-for-word.
vindicate
Clear from blame; free from blame or accusation; exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge.
viola
Stringed musical instrument played with a bow, of larger size than a violin.
viral
=> virus.
vitality
Persistent energy; liveliness or vigour.
voluptuous
Given to or spent in enjoyments of luxury, pleasure, or sensual gratifications.
watershed
A crucial dividing point, line, or factor: turning point.
whence
From where.
wince
To shrink back involuntarily: flinch.
windpipe
The part of a person's throat that air goes through when they breathe.
zodiac
A belt-like area of the sky that the sun, moon, and the planets pass through it extends about eight degrees north and south of the ecliptic, and is divided into 12 equal parts which are each named after a constellation.