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ANATOMY SPRING FINAL
multiple choice portion
Terms in this set (100)
the "skin" that is exposed to the environment is made of the _________
this layer is not a true part of the skin but does attach the skin to the underlying bone or muscle
the integumentary system is and or includes which of the following
hair, nails, glands
(all the above)
the thickest layer of the skin is called the ________
the ________ stratum is the outermost layer of the epidermis and is composed of 20-30 layers of dead cells
the _______ stratum consists of 3-5 layers of cells that are starting to flatten and produce vacuoles filled with glycol proteins and keratohyaline
the ______ stratum is the deepest part of the epidermal layer and is composed of a mitotic simple columnar layer of cells
the __________ is composed of several layers of multi sided cells held together by desmosomes that cause a prickly appearance
the _________ layer provides the raised areas on the skins surface and produce "fingerprints"
_________ determines if skin is thick or thin
_________ provides insulation
the stratum ____________ is a layer of the epidermis that is composed of dead cells
corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum
(all the above)
insulation provided by the superficial fascia is from the presence of ____________
___________ is the transformation of the living epidermal cells into dead squamous cells
the substance that fills the skin cells as they die is called _________
there are ___ kinds of keratin
_________ keratin is found in skin and hair
the type of skin cancer with the highest mortality rate is
___________ cancer is the most common and least fatal
__________ cancer is the second most common but metastasizes rapidly
this lines the marrow cavity
cells that can dissolve the bony matrix
concentric layers of bone matrix that makes up the osteon
small channels that radiate through the matrix of the osteon of the bone
cells that can build bony matrix
the structure of bone tissue suits the function. which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?
yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of ______
the cell responsible for secreting the matrix of the bone is the
the term "dipole" refers to the
internal layer of spongy bone in flat bones
which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?
what is the structural unit of compact bone?
bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called periosteum. the inner (osteogenic) layer consists primarily of __________
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
the periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called __________
perforating (Sharpey's) fibers
the canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of _________
blood vessels and nerve fibers
what are the small spaces in bone tissue that are holes in which osteocytes live called?
bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. which of the following cells accomplishes this process?
which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream?
which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that produces a growth spurt and closes the epiphyseal plates of long bones?
spongy bones are made up of a framework called _________
osteogenesis is the process of ___________
wavelike smooth muscle contractions that move foodstuffs through the alimentary tube
chemical or mechanical process of breaking down foodstuffs to substances that can be absorbed
taking food into the gastrointestinal tract
process by which the products of digestion pass through the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract into the blood or lymph
chemical digestion reduces large complex molecules to simpler compounds by the process of __________
short-chain triglycerides found in foods such as butterfat molecules in milk are split by a specific enzyme in preparation for absorption. which of the following enzymes is responsible?
when we ingest large molecules such as lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins, they must undergo catabolic reactions whereby enzymes split these molecules. this series of reactions is called _________
from the esophagus to the anal canal, the walls of every organ of the alimentary canal are made up of the same four basic layers. arrange them in order from the lumen
mucosa, subucosa, muscalaris esxterna, and serosa
the function of the goblet cells is to ________
produce mucus that protects parts of the digestive organs from the effects of powerful enzymes needed for food digestion
the type of epithelium seen throughout the tunica mucosa of the alimentary canal is ________
the cell(s) responsible for the production of the mucus that lines the alimentary canal is (are) ________
the type of tissue that makes up the lamina propria is _________
areolar connective tissue
the outermost layer of the tunica mucosa is composed of _______
which of the following is (are) characteristics of the tunica submucosa?
areolar connective tissue, vascular tissue, innervated tissue, tissue rich in lymph vessels
(all the above)
there are ____ layers of muscle in the tunica muscularis externa
the capillaries that nourish the epithelium and absorb digested nutrients lie in the _________
the layer of the digestive tube that contains blood vessels, lymphatic nodes, and a rich supply of elastic fibers is the _____
of the classifications of foods consumed, which type of food can be used for fast ATP production?
of the classifications of foods consumed, which type of food is used for tissue repair and building?
of the classifications of foods consumed, which type of food is used for cell membrane construction and making hormones?
main bacteria killer during acute infections
nucleus has two lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes; functions in attacking parasitic worms
nucleus is multilobed; functions as a phagocyte; contains fine indistinct granules
transports CO2 and oxygen
contains an S-shaped nucleus; granules stain very dark; releases histamine and heparin
largest of the WBC's; crucial in defense against viruses; associated with chronic infections
NO visible cytoplasmic granules are present in ________
which of the following is a characteristic of all leukocytes?
the are nucleated
which of the following is true about blood plasma?
it is about 90% water
most abundant plasma proteins
which of the choices below is the parent cell for all formed elements of blood?
blood is a __________
what is the average normal pH of blood?
which of the following is a regulatory function of blood?
maintenance of normal pH in body tissues
which of the following is a protective function of blood?
prevention of blood loss
which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis?
hypoxia of erythropoietin producing kidney cells
as red blood cells age ___________
membranes "wear out" and the cells become damaged
an individual who is blood type AB can __________
receive any blood type
which blood type is called the universal donor?
select the correct statement regarding blood cell formation
red marrow is the main site of blood cell formation throughout adult life
the inner lining of the heart
serous layer covering the heart muscle
the outermost layer of the serous pericardium
the pacemaker of the heart
prevents backflow into the left ventricle
prevents backflow into the right atrium
prevents backflow into the left atrium
prevents backflow into the right ventricle
AV valve with two flaps
AV valve with three flaps
left ventricular wall of the heart is thicker than the right wall in order to ___________
pump blood with greater pressure
blood within the pulmonary veins returns to the __________
small muscle masses attached to the chord tendinae are the __________
the source of blood carried to capillaries in the myocardium would be the ___________
the fact that the left ventricle of the heart is thicker than the right ventricle reveals that it ____________
pumps blood agains a greater resistance
if the length of the absolute refractory period in cardiac muscle cells were the same as it is for skeletal muscles cells _________
tetanic contractions might occur, which would stop the heart's pumping action
which vessel of the heart receives blood during right ventricular systole?
which of these vessels receives blood during ventricular systole?
both the aorta and pulmonary trunk
the tricuspid valve is closed _________
when the ventricle is in systole
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Spanish Final Grammar I
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Spanish Final Grammar III
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