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51 terms

JUDAISM

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Which empire destroyed the first temple of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E.?
Babylonian
Only Reform Judaism allows women to become Rabbis
False
The USA has more Jews than any other single country
True
Which of the following is not true about the Jewish expectations concerning the Messiah?
He will be a great spiritual teacher, a divine being, a savior redeeming humanity from sin
Assimilation
Jews absorbing themselves into the larger culture
Diaspora
Jews living outside the land of Israel, dispersed throughout the world
Halakhah
Jewish religious law
Kabbalah
Jewish mysticism
Matzah
unlevened bread eaten during Passover
Mitzvot
good deeds, observing the commandments
Seder
the ritual meal for the observance of Passover
Tikkun Olam
"Repairing the World"
Tzaddakah
charity, righteousness
Zohar
the book of splendor - a mystical interpretation of Torah
Jews do not believe in original sin
True
Which of the following modern branches of Judaism is the most observant of Jewish law?
Orthodox
The Jewish ceremony known as Bris is...
the birth ceremony of circumcision
Where is the "Promised Land"?
Israel
The Jewish holy day when sins are confessed communally, forgiveness is asked and prayers are offered for reconciliation with God
Yom Kippur
19th century BCE
Abraham lives
13th century BCE
Moses leads Hebrews on Exodus from slavery in Egypt
586 - 538 BCE
Babylonian Exile
70 CE
Romans destroy the second temple
135 CE
Romans expel Jews from the Holy Land
2nd - 7th century CE
Rabbinic period when the Oral Law is written down as Talmud
1492
Jews expelled from Spain
18th century CE
Development of Hasidism
19th century CE
Development of Reform Judaism
1948
Modern state of Israel established
Which group of ancient Jews was focused on Temple rites performed by Priests?
Sadducees
The majority of Jews today live in Israel
False
Chanukah
Rededication of the Temple in 165 BCE following victory over the Greeks
Passover
Exodus from Egypt around 1290 BCE
Purim
Thwarting of an ancient Persian plot to destroy the Jews
Shavuot
Receiving Torah from God on Sinai
Yom HaShoah
Remembrance of the six million Jews killed in the Holocaust
Which number comes closest to the approximate Jewish population in the world today?
15 million
The term "covenant" means...
promise
The Hebrew Bible is the same thing as the Old Testament
True
_____ built the first Temple of Jerusalem.
Solomon
Who of the following was not one of the "Patriarchs" of the Jewish religion?
Moses
Which of the following is not part of the Hebrew Bible?
The New Testament
__________ led the Israelites out of slavery in ancient Egypt and received the Torah on Mt. Sinai.
Moses
Which of the following does not refer to the Jewish people?
Gentiles
Which of the following is not true of the Talmud?
It is the mystical text of Judaism
Which of the following statements is not true about the Torah?
It was destroyed with the Temple in the year 70 CE
The Jewish Sabbath begins at...
sundown Friday
Only Rabbis can read from the Torah
False
The name Israel originates in the Biblical story wherein God renamed Jacob
True
The Jewish ceremony known as Bar Mitzvah is..
a coming of age ceremony
The High Holidays refers to the eight days of Passover
False