51 terms

capacity

A measure of the ability to receive, hold, or absorb volume; the amount a container can hold

length

A measurement of distance

weight

Measurement of the pull of gravity on the mass of an object. The _____ of an object changes dependent on the gravitational pull at its location.

mass

The amount of matter in an object. The _____ of an object remains the same regardless of its location.

volume

The amount of space that a three dimensional figure contains. _____ is expressed in cubic units.

area

The number of square units needed to cover a surface enclosed by a geometric figure

square unit

Units used when measuring the area of a two dimensional figure

metric system

A system of measurement of units based on the number ten with the meter as a unit length, the gram as a unit mass, and the liter as a unit of volume

meter (m)

Basic unit of length in the metric measurement system, about equal to one yard

centimeter (cm)

Metric unit of length; 100 _____ are in one meter; 2.5 _____ are about equal to one inch

kilometer (km)

Metric unit of length; 1000 meters equals one _____; about equal to 0.6 of a mile

millimeter (mm)

Metric unit of length; 1000 _____ is equal to one meter

liter (l)

Metric unit of capacity; one _____ is about equal to one quart

milliliter (ml)

Metric unit of capacity; 1000 _____ is equal to one liter; about equal to a drop

gram (g)

Metric unit of mass;

one _____ is about equal to the mass of one nickel

one _____ is about equal to the mass of one nickel

kilogram (kg)

Metric unit of mass;

one _____ is equal to 1000 grams;

one _____ is about equal to 2.5 pounds

one _____ is equal to 1000 grams;

one _____ is about equal to 2.5 pounds

milligram (mg)

A metric unit of mass;

one _____ equals one thousandth of a gram

one _____ equals one thousandth of a gram

U.S. customary system

System of measurements using inch, foot, yard, mile, fluid ounce, cup, pint, quart, gallon, dry ounce, pound, and ton

inch (in.)

Customary unit of length;

12 _____ equals one foot;

36 _____ equals one yard

12 _____ equals one foot;

36 _____ equals one yard

foot (ft.)

Customary unit of length;

12 inches equals one _____;

3 _____ equals one yard

12 inches equals one _____;

3 _____ equals one yard

yard (yd.)

Customary unit of length;

36 inches equals one _____;

3 feet equals one _____

36 inches equals one _____;

3 feet equals one _____

mile (mi.)

Customary unit of length;

one _____ equals 5,280 feet

one _____ equals 5,280 feet

ounce (oz.)

Customary unit of mass;

16 _____ equals one pound

16 _____ equals one pound

cup (c.)

Customary unit of capacity;

one _____ equals 8 fluid ounces

one _____ equals 8 fluid ounces

pint (pt.)

Customary unit of capacity;

one _____ equals 2 cups

one _____ equals 2 cups

quart (qt.)

Customary unit of capacity;

one _____ equals 2 pints

one _____ equals 2 pints

gallon (gal.)

Customary unit of capacity;

one _____ equals 4 quarts

one _____ equals 4 quarts

pound (lb.)

Customary unit of mass;

one _____ equals 16 ounces

one _____ equals 16 ounces

ton (t)

Customary unit of mass;

one _____ equals 2000 pounds

one _____ equals 2000 pounds

fluid ounce (fl oz)

Customary unit of capacity;

8 _____ equals one cup

8 _____ equals one cup

standard unit

The measurement of the mass, length, or volume of an object using either the Customary System or the Metric System

nonstandard unit

Used to estimate the mass, length, or volume of an object using a comparative unit

line graph

A graph used to show how a set of data changes over a period of time

circle graph

A graph used to compare parts of a whole. The circle represents the whole and is separated into parts of the whole, usually expressed as a percentage

box-and-whisker plot

A number line used to display a group of data, specifically for showing how data is clustered or spread out

scale

The set of all possible values of a given measurement, including the least and greatest numbers in the set, separated by the intervals used

title

Used to explain the subject of any graph, plot, table, or chart

lower quartile

The lower fourth of the data in a box and whisker plot

upper quartile

The upper fourth of the data in a box and whisker plot

range

The difference between the greatest number and the least number in a set of data

mode

The number(s) or item(s) that appear most often in a set of data

bar graph

A graph using bars to compare quantities. The height or length of each bar represents a designated number

stem-and-leaf plot

A system used to condense a set of data where the greatest place value of the data forms the stem and the next greatest place value forms the leaves

data

Information, often numerical, which is gathered for statistical purposes

key

A sample data point used to explain the stem and leaves. It is also used to explain the meaning of symbols of any graph, plot, table, or chart.

stem

The greatest place value common to all the data that is written to the left of the line in a stem and leaf plot

lower extreme

The least value data in a box and whisker plot

median

The middle number in a set of data when the data are arranged in numerical order. If the data has an even number, the median is the mean of the middle numbers.

upper extreme

The greatest value data in a box and whisker plot.

axis

An unlimited line or line segment serving to orient a space on a line graph or a bar graph. The vertical axis, known as the y axis, runs North to South (up and down) and the horizontal axis, known as the x axis, runs East to West (side to side).

leaf

The unit digit written to the right of the vertical line in a stem and leaf plot