Medusa Mythology Exam General Information
Terms in this set (83)
The 6 Titanes and the 6 Titans
Rhea,Theia, Phoibe (Phoebe), Mnemosyne, Themis and Tethys
Kronos (Cronus), Koios (Coeus), Krios (Crius), Iapetos (Iapetus), Hyperion and Okeanos (Oceanus),
primordial Titan god of the great, earth-encircling River Okeanos, font of all of the earth's fresh-water Viewed as a bull-horned god with the tail of a serpentine fish
He was also the god who regulated the heavenly bodies which rose from and set into his waters. Only male Titan not to join the Titan war against the Olympian gods
Ouranos and Gaia
parents of the Titans. had twelve sons and six daughters. He locked the eldest of these--the giant Kyklopes (Cyclopes) and Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires)--away inside the belly of Earth. Gaia suffered immense pain and persuaded her Titan sons to rebel. Four of these positioned themselves at the corners of the world, ready to grasp their father as he descended to lie with Earth, while the fifth, Kronos (Cronus), took his place in the centre and there castrated Ouranos with an adamantine sickle. The sky-god's blood fell upon the earth, producing the avenging Erinyes (Furies) and the Gigantes (Giants).
wife of Okeanos (Oceanus); mother of the Potamoi (Rivers), the Okeanides (Oceanids) (nymphs of springs, streams and fountains), and the Nephelai (Clouds). Tethys, daughter of Gaia (Earth), fed her children's springs with the waters of Okeanos drawn through subterranean acquifers.
foster-mother of Hera
Her name was derived from the Greek word têthê meaning "nurse" or "grandmother".
Potamoi, Oceanides (oceanids, nymphs of springs and fountains), Thetis, Eurynome, Perse
Children of Oceanus and Tethys
Coeus (Koios, Polos)
one of the elder Titans sons of Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) and Gaia (Gaea, Earth). He and his brothers conspired against their father, laying an ambush for him as he descended to lie with Earth. Four of the siblings were posted at the corners of the world, where they seized hold of him and held him fast, while Kronos (Cronus) castrated him with a sickle.
In this myth the brothers apparently personified the great pillars which occur in near-Eastern cosmologies holding heaven and earth apart, or sometimes the whole cosmos aloft. Koios' alternate name, Polos ("of the northern pole"), suggests he was the Titan of the pillar of the north. His brothers Hyperion, Iapetos (Iapetus), and Krios (Crius), on the other hand, presided over the west, east, and south respectively. Koios, as god of the axis of heaven around which the constellations revolved, was probably also a god of heavenly oracles, just as his wife Phoibe (Phoebe) presided over the oracles of the axis of earth Delphi,--a role inherited by their grandson Apollo.
The Titanes were eventually deposed by Zeus and cast into the pit of Tartaros.
wife of Coeus, associated with the moom; mother of Leto, and grandmother of Apollo, Artemis (Diana) and Hecate. 3rd goddess to hold oracle at Delphi. Name means "bright" "purity" and "intellect"
Leto and Asteria
children of Coeus and Phoebus
Sister of Leo
ASTERIA was the Titan goddess of falling stars and perhaps of nighttime divinations such as oneiromancy (by dreams) and astrology (by stars). She was the mother of Hekate (Hecate), goddess of witchcraft by the Titan Perses.
Was pursued by the lustful Zeus across the heavens. She assumed many forms to escape him, but eventually leapt from the heavens in the shape of a quail, and metamorphosed into the island of Delos.
Asteria is depicted in Athenian vase-painting alongside the other Delian gods--ApollonArtemis and Leto. She is often labelled "Delos".
Apollo and Artemis/Diana
LETO was one of the Titanides (female Titans), a bride of Zeus. She was the goddess of motherhood and and a protectress of the young. Her name and iconography suggest she was also a goddess of modesty and womanly demure. Like her sister Asteria she may also have been a goddess of the night, or alternatively of the light of day.
When Leto was pregant with the twins she was pursued relentlessly by the goddess Hera, who drove her from land to land preventing her from finding a place to rest and give birth. The floating island of Delos (Asteria?) eventually provided her with refuge where she gave birth to _____________________.
one of 6 Titans: god of heavenly light, sunrise, was the Pillar of the East
one of the 6 Titanes; wife of Titan Hyperion; goddess of sight andThe elder Titanis goddess of sight "thea"
and the shining light of heaven ("aither"). She was the mother of the sun (Helios), Moon (Selene) and Dawn (Eos) . Her name is also connected with words meaning "foresight" and "prophecy".
Helios, Selene, and Eos
Children of Hyperion and Theia
one of the 6 Titans; god of stars and constellations, Pillar of the South; connected with the south as he is "the Ram," the constellation Aries, whose springtime rising in the south marked the start of the Greek year; and his wife is Eurybia, a daughter of the sea.
Astraios (astronomy), Pallas (warcraft), Perses (destruction)
The children of Crius (Krios) and Eurybia
a Titan goddess "restless night" representing the mastery of the seas. She was a minor deity and did not play an important role in the myths. She was the daughter of the Titans Pontus and Gaea, and she was married to the Titan Crius. Her children were Astraeus, Perses and Pallas
Iapetus was one of the 6 Titans; god of mortal life span or god of death. "the piercer" when he decided one's time had passed, he brought violent death upon him. He was also known as a Pillar of West. symbolized mortality and the mortal life-span as his sons Prometheus and Epimetheus were the creators of mankind and all other mortal creatures.
wife of iapetus and mother of Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoitios
Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoitios
Children of Iapteus and Asia
Cronus (Chronos, Kronos, Saturn)
one of the 6 Titans; god of time and ages and the destructive force of time which sooner or later consumes everything. Married to Rhea and father to the 6 original Olympians - 5 whom he swallowed at birth fearing the prophecy of losing power to a son.
one of the 5 Titane. goddess of female fertility, motherhood, and generation. Her name means "flow" and "ease." As the wife of Kronos she represented the eternal flow of time and generations; as the great Mother (Meter Megale), the "flow" was menstrual blood, birth waters, and milk.
Mother of the 6 original Olympians and saved youngest one, Zeus from being swallowed by Chronos, and hid him in a cave in Krete (Crete) guarded by shield-clashing Kouretes (Curetes).
Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus
The 6 original Olympians and children of Cronus and Rhea
child of theia and oceanus They were seen as liars; once stole Heracles' weapons, during the time he was the penitent servant of Omphale in Lydia. He seized and bound them at Ephesus and punished them by tying them to a shoulder pole he slung over his shoulder with their faces pointing downwards. Heracles' exposed dark-tanned posterior set them both to laughing; when Heracles demanded to know what they were laughing at and they told him, he joined them in their laughter and let them go.
Horae [Eunomia, Dice, Eirene] (furies), and the Moirai [Fates
The children of Themis and Zeus
One of the 6 Titanes; mother ofonly Titan to side with gods during Titan war. goddess of divine order/law, prophetess/fate, instructed humans about mortality
The 9 children of Mnemosyne and Zeus
goddess of memory, time, words/language;
mother of the 9 Muses by Zeus
Styx, Asia, Electra, Doris, Eurynome, Metis, etc
Tethys honors Hera by
Not allow Ursa Major (Callisto -- who slept with Zeus) to set into Oceanus to honor Hera
Why did Tethys transformed Aesacus into a bird
to keep him from jumping into the sea after his lover died
the cloud nymph and mother of Iris, goddess of the rainbow
mother of the 50 Nereides, goddess of rich fishing grounds
titan goddess of meadows and pastures, the 3rd wife of Zeus
the forgotten mother of Athena, Titan-goddess of planning and wisdom
wife of Atlas, presided over the replication of the flocks
Titan goddess of falling stars and nighttime divinations
Was chased by Zeus across the sky after the fall of the Titans; she turned into a quail and dove into the sea to escape him, forming the island of Delos
mother of Apollo and Artemis, Was the goddess of motherhood, modesty, and womanly demure
Was pursued relentlessly by Hera after the goddess found out that she was pregnant with Artemis and Apollo, eventually the island of Delos gave her a place of rest to give birth
second generation titan goddess of the dawn, had an unquenchable desire for young men
She petitioned Zeus for the immortality of her consort Tithonos, a Trojan prince but forgot to request eternal youth, so he eventually shriveled up and became a grasshopper
Titan god of the sun, guardian of oaths, and the god of sight, sacred island of sicily
His son Phaethon set the world ablaze and was struck by Zeus after he failed to guide his chariot across the sky
Titan goddess of the moon, depicted as a woman riding sidesaddle on a horse or driving a chariot
Her greatest love was the shepherd prince Endymion, whom she gave immortality to through Zeus, was placed in an eternal slumber in a cave and she consorted with him there at night
Titan god of the stars and planets
Boreas, Zephryus, and Notus (stars/wind)
children of astraeus and eos
Titan god of battle and warcraft
Nike, Zelos, Kratos, and Bia
children of pallas and styx
Titan god of destruction, father of Hecate
wife of perses
Led the Titan war against Zeus
Zeus made him hold up the sky as punishment
Made the earth turn, taught mankind astronomy
Creator of mankind
Known for planning (forethought) and guidance
stole fire for mankind, pandora made as punishment, he was tied to mnt caucasus with his liver eaten by vultures
Known for forgetfulness (afterthought) and excuses
Creator of animals
wife of Epimetheus
Goddess of hearth/home/cooking/sacrificial flame
Goddess of agriculture/grain/bread
Left Olympus after daughter Persephone was taken, Rhea persuaded her to return
Goddess of marriage/women, the stars, and Queen of the gods
Raised by Oceanus and Thetys
King of the Underworld, funeral rites/burial, wealth of the earth (stones, gems, precious metals, etc)
God of the sea, earthquakes, and horses
god of the sky/lightning, Last born child of Rhea
hades, poseidon, zeus
cyclopses made ______ a helment, _______ a trident, and _______ lightning bolts
this goddess make zeus an elixir to make Cronus throw up the other gods
he freed the monsters from tartarus to help in titan war
gaia urged the giants to take over olympus, this god defeated them
The Fates, Depicted carrying a spindle of thread and scissors
the moirae worked with this titaness to assert natural order
Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos
_____ spins the thread, ______ measures the thread, ______ cuts the thread (the moirae)
Virgin goddess of justice, when the world was no longer just she became sad so zeus put her into the constellation virgo
Three goddess of seasons/time, Guarded the gates of Olympus
order, peace, justice
the horae were Eunomia representing _______, Eirene representing ________, and Dike representing _______
The River Eridanus' Water Nymphs
Known for sunsets and singing at weddings, three nymphs who guarded the golden apple tree (that Gaia made for Hera and Zeus at their wedding)
Goddess of music, song, dance, and poetry
muse for epic poetry
muse for history
muse for astronomy
muse for comedy
muse for tragedy
muse for religious hymns
muse for erotic poetry
muse for lyric poetry
muse for choral song/dance
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