Employee who is responsible for overseeing the work of others further down the rganisatins heirachy
Tasks or jobs. Organisation by function means that teams exist within the organisatin according to a particular task tht must be completed.
The right to decide what to do in a situation, and to be able to take command of it to be able to make decision without reffering to anyone else
Chain of command
The path (or chain) down which orders (or commands) are passed. In a company this goes from the board of worker, through senior managers, middle managers, supervisors to the most junior employees.
Removing layers of workers from a heirachy so there are fewer links in the chain of command
When a business seeks to employ fewer worker to produce the same amount through an increase in productivity, often achieved through delayering
Passing down of authority for work to another worker further down the organisational heirachy
A type of business where most decisions are made at the centre or core of the organisation and passed down the chain of command
A type of business where most decisions are pushed down the heirachy and away from the centre or core of the organisation