35 terms

percent

Percent means "per 100" or how many "out of 100"; percent is another name for hundredths.

decimal

A numerical value less than 1. For example, 0.875 is a decimal.

equivalent

Expressions that have the same value or that have the same mathematical meaning. For example, ½ and 0.5 are equivalent.

fraction

A number representing some part of a whole or part of a set; one number compared to another in the form a/b.

hundredths

A numerical value two decimal places to the right of a decimal point. The hundredths place for the numerical value 3.458 would be 5.

tenths

A numerical value one decimal place to the right of a decimal point. The tenths place for the numerical value 0.25 would be 2.

ratio

A comparison of two numbers by division

multiple

The product of a number and any natural number

LCM

The smallest common multiple of two or more numbers

natural number

The set of counting numbers (1, 2, 3,).

composite number

A natural number that has more than two different factors

common factor

A divisor of two or more numbers that is commonly shared

prime factorization

A representation of a number as the product of its prime factors. For example, the prime factorization of 18 is 2 × 3 × 3.

factor

An integer that divides evenly into a number

GCF

The greatest common factor of two or more numbers is the largest of the common factors that all of the numbers share.

prime number

A number that has exactly two factors

integers

The set of whole numbers and their opposites

(...-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3...)

(...-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3...)

product

The result obtained by multiplying two or more numbers or variables

divisibility

Capable of being divided, especially with no remainder: 15 is divisible by 3 and 5.

whole number

A number without a decimal or fractional part

greater than

The symbol ">" is used to describe a numerical term larger than the one compared to it.

equal to

The symbol "=" is used to show that two numerical terms are equal.

decimal point

Separates a whole number amount from a number that is less than one

less than

The symbol "<" is used to describe a numerical term smaller than the one compared to it

place value

The value of a digit as determined by its position in a number; the name of the place or location of a digit in a number

positive integer

An integer that is greater than zero; it is located to the right of zero on a number line.

negative integer

An integer that is less than zero; it is located to the left of zero on a number line.

whole number

A number that has no decimal or fraction. Examples: 6, 10, and 1

opposite

The opposite of a given integer can be found by adding or taking away a negative sign (-). For example, the opposite of -13 is 13, and the opposite of -8 is +8.

sum

An amount obtained as a result of adding numbers

quotient

An amount obtained as a result of dividing numbers

numerator

The expression written above the line in a fraction

denominator

The expression written below the line in a fraction that indicates the number of parts into which one whole is divided.

Improper fraction

A fraction in which the numerator is larger than or equal to the denominator. The value of an improper fraction is greater than or equal to one.

LCD

The least common multiple of the denominators of two or more fractions. Example: 6 is the least common denominator of 2/3 and 1/6.