27 terms

Clothing Management Unit 4

STUDY
PLAY
alterations
modifications made to a pattern or garment for a better fit
backstitching
stitching forward then using the reverse to stitch backwards over the same stitches to secure the beginning or end of a seam
basting
a temporary method of joining fabric, usually by using large, easily removable stitches
bias
grain that runs diagonally and allows the greatest amount of stretch in a woven fabric
casing
a closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or a drawstring inside
crosswise grain
grain that runs across the fabric from one selvage to the other
dart
a triangular fold of fabric stitched to a point to control fullness and shape in a garment
direcitonal stitching
stitching with, or in the same direction, as the fabric grain
easing
joining two edges of fabric together when one edge is slightly larger than the other
facing
used to finish a raw edge, such as an armhole or neckline
gathering
soft folds of fabric formed by pulling up basting stitches
grade
to trim each layer of fabric to a different width to reduce bulk
guide sheet
step-by-step information for cutting, marking, and sewing a pattern
hem
a finished edge on a garment
interfacing
a piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and facing to prevent stretching and add shape
layout
a diagram included in sewing instructions that shows how to place the pattern pieces on fabric
lengthwise grain
grain that runs the same direction as the selvage
notions
small items that become a permanent part of the garment
pattern
all the instructions needed to construct a project
pattern markings
lines and symbols marked on the pattern and transferred to the fabric to help guide construction
seam
line of stitching that holds layers of fabric together
seam allowance
width between the fabric edge and seam line
seam finish
treatment of seam edges to prevent raveling
selvage
the factory-finished edge of a fabric
staystitching
a row of machine stitches through one layer of fabric to prevent stretching
topstitching
a row of stitching done on the outside of a garment
understitching
a row of stitching used to keep the facing or bottom layer of fabric rolled out of sight