65 terms

science-joe

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scientist
searches for facts and explanations about our world and the universe
scientific inquiry
is the way scientists find facts and solve problems
tools
are the instruments that help you conduct experiments
safety guidelines
are rules to follow when doing a science investigation
percaution
is something done to prevent an accident
data
the information gathered in an experiment
graphic organizer
a drawing, chart, or graph in which you can accurately display data
nutrients
substances a living thing needs for energy and growth
reproduction
when you produce more of your own kind
traits
qualtities or characteristics of a living thing or species
inherited traits
these are passed down from parents to their offspring
species
a group of dividing little things, according to their characteristics
offspring
new living things that parents produce, or the young of plants or animals
adapt
a living thing that goes through changes to fit into its enviornment
orgainsim
a living thing, such as a plant or animal
predator
eats and kills animals
energy
is what gives a plant or animal strength to live
germinate
when a seed germinates it starts to grow roots and shoots
hibernate
to go to sleep for the winter and live on the stored fat
migrate
is to move from one place to another
behavior
is the way an organism responds to a chane in the enviornment
perspire
to release extra heat by letting water escape through the skin
life cycle
stages of growth of a plant or animal, from the beginning to the end of its life
life span
lenght of time from the beginning of a plant or animals life to the end
growth
this is the process by which plants and animals get bigger
metamorphosis
process of change in body size and shape of some animals as they develop
balanced diet
eating a variety of healthy foods every day
producer
organisims that use the sun's energy to make their own food
prey
animals that other animals hunt for food
food chain
a series of organisims through which energy is passed
resource
something that living things need, such as food, air, or water
water cycle
the constant movement of water from the ground, to the sky, and back again
precipitation
water that falls from the sky in the form of rain, snow, sleet or hail
mass
the amount of matter an object contains. mass is measured in grams
classify
to sort or arrange objects into groups based on how they are a like or how they are different
properties
what can be observed about an object. Size, shape, color, hardness, taste, texture and weight are properties of an object.
polution
harmful substances that damage the air water, land or food supply
manufacture
to make something
wind
moving air
temperature
a measure of how warm or cold something is
weather
the condition of the outside air at a particular moment
water vapor
water that is in its gas form
evaporation
the changing of water into water vapor
erosion
the moving and breakdown of earth materials
weathering
the breaking of rock into smaller rocks and soil
deposition
the dropping or settling of earth materials
rotation
the earth spinning around once every 24 hours, resulting in day and night
revolution
earth moving in a path around the sun resulting in on earth year, 365 days
property
is what can be observed about an object, size, shape, color, hardness, taste, and weight are all properties of an object
matter
anything takes up space and has mass. Matter is made up of particles that have properties that can be observed through our senses.
condensation
the changing of water vapor into liquid water
runoff
water flowing on the earth's surface
groundwater
water that moves downward into the ground
gravity
a force of attraction between to objects
magnetism
force that may attract or repel certain materials
magnetic field
the space around the magnet where the force of attraction is felt
amphibian
a cold blooded animal with backbones - examples: frog, toad, newt, salamander
gills
a part of the body that most underwater animals use to breathe
habitat
an area in which animals or plants naturally live
work
the condition whereby a force makes something move through a transfer of energy
energy
gives living things strength to live, grow and carry out life process.
friction
a rubbing force that resists the motion of one surface past another
transfer
to move from one place to another
force
a push or pull on an object
solar
powered by the energy from the sun