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Anatomy and Physiology Questions
Terms in this set (35)
The living content of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane.
The constructive phase of metabolism, in which the body cells synthesize protoplasm for growth and repair; the opposite of catabolism. The sum of the physical and chemical processes by which living organized substance is built up and maintained.
The breaking down in the body of complex chemical compounds into simpler ones. Large molecules are broken down into smaller molecules to make energy available to the organism.
Body's ability to maintain its normal state.
The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
Processes are concerned with the disposition of the nutrients absorbed into the blood following digestion.
There are two phases anabolic and catabolic
Cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
Body's defense mechanism against environmental bacteria.
Which cells in the blood do not have a nucleus?
Red color to blood, and transport oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the tissues.
White blood cell.
Cells that determine the specificity of the immune response to infectious microorganisms and other foreign substances.
Type of white blood cell that attack bacteria or viruses.
Type of white blood cell. White blood cells work to keep you healthy by fighting off viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Are the "first responders" when the body is invaded by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Guided by chemical signaling, they travel to the area of infection and attack.
Flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joints?
Help to protect or enclose organs. Most produce mucus or other secretions. Certain types of epithelial cells have tiny hairs called cilia that help protect.
Fibrous tissue that produces movement
Allows air to pass into lungs.
Closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing?
situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment
The state of being turned inside out
Point at which an impulse is transmitted from 1 neuron to another neuron
cells that help maintain homeostasis
where is the senatorial node located
in the upper wall of the right atrium
Oxygenated blood is carried to the heart by what
The act or process of giving or receiving nourishment.
what substance is found in greater quantity in exhaled air?
where does bile enter the digestive tract
reservoir for red blood cells and filters organisms from blood
responsible of secreting insulin
specimens for gonococcal cultures in men are commonly obtained from where?
structure that collects urine in the body
Fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon occurs where?
mater gland of the endocrine system-in control of most glands
gland that regulates sleep wake and sexual -melatonin
gland for stress and adrenaline
controls body temperature, sleep and appetite, blood pressure and heart rate
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