Putting Reading First Chapter 4 Study Guide- Part 2
Terms in this set (25)
Word Learning Instruction
How to use dictionaries and other reference aids to learn word meanings and to deepen knowledge of word meaning; how to use information about word parts to figure out the meanings, are all examples of what strategy?
Dictionaries, glossaries & thesauruses
Students learn how to use____ and ___ to help broaden and deepen their knowledge of words.
Suffixes, prefixes,base words & root words
Knowing some common___ can help students learn the meaning of many new words (ex. If students learn just the 4 most common things (un-, re-, in-, dis-) they will have important clues about the meaning of about two-thirds of all English words.
Learning ___ can be more challenging than learning prefixes, because some have more abstract meanings than do prefixes (ex. Learning that -ness means: the state or quality of, might not help students figure out the meaning of "kindness").
Latin and Greek word roots are fund commonly in content-area school subjects, especially in the subjects of Science & Social Studies.And the word parts form a large proportion of the new vocabulary that students encounter in their conent-area textbooks. True or False
Affixes (prefixes & suffixes), base words and word roots are all coonsidered to be ____.
What are words from which many other words are formed called?
What are word parts that are "fixed to" either the beginning of words or the ending of words called?
Word roots are words from other languages that are the origin of many English words;about 60% of all English words have Latin or Greek origins. True or False
What are hints about the meaning of an unknown word that are provided in the words, phrases, and sentences that surround the word and include definitions, restatements, and sentences that surround the word?
Two ways teachers can help students learn words___are: read aloud, discuss the selection before, during and after you read, as well as, talk to students about new concepts and help them relate the words to prior knowledge and experiences the second way is to encourage students to read extensively on their own & to read more outside of school and during independent work time.
Important words, useful words and difficult words(8-10 words)
What and how many words should teachers teach students per weekly basis?
Important Word Learning Strategy
What is an example of ____; teaching words before students read a text, directly teach those words that are important for understanding a concept or the text?
Useful Word Learning Strategy
What is an example of ___; teaching words that students are likely to see and use again and again (ex. Learning words such as "fragment than the word "fractal" or "revolve" which is more useful than the word "gyrate").
Difficult Word Learning Strategy
What is an example of ___; providing some instruction for words that are particularly hard for students?
Acquainted Word Knowledge
One of the three levels of word knowledge that the word is somewhat familiar; the student has some idea of its basic meaning is called?
Established Word Knowledge
One of the three levels of word knowledge that the word is very familiar; the student can immediately recognize its meaning and use the word correctly is called?
Unknown Word Knowledge
One of the three levels of word knowledge that the word is completely unfamiliar and its meaning is unknown is called?
There are 4 different kinds of word learning: learning a new meaning for a known word, learning the meaning for a new word representing a known concept; learning the meaning of a new word representing an unknown concept & clarifying and enriching the meaning of a known word. True or False
Clarifying and enriching the meaning of a known word
When a student learns finer, more subtle distinctions,or connotaions, in the meaning and usage of words is known as: (ex. He.she is learning the differences between running, jogging, trottng, dashing, & sprinting)
Learning a new meaning for a known word
When a student has the word in his/her oral or reading vocabulary, but is learning a new meaning for it. (Ex. The student knows what a branch is and is learning in Social Studies about both branches of rivers & branches of government).
Learning the meaning for a new word representing a known concept
When a student is familiar with the concept but he does not know the particular word for that concept. (Ex. The student has had a lot of experiences with baseballs and globes, but does not know that they are examples of spheres).
Learning the meaning of a new word representing an unknown concept
When a student is not familar with either the concept or the word that represents that concept, and she/he must learn both. (Ex. The student may not be familiar with either the process of or the word photosynthesis).
Another way to help students develop vocabulary is to foster__, an awareness of and interests in words, their meanings, and their power.
Another way to help students' develop vocabulary is to engage in ___, such as (Ex. Puns and palindromes) help students research a word's origin or history; and to search for word's usage in their everyday lives).
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