15 terms

AP Art History Exam: Early Christian/Jewish

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Ambulatory
A passageway around the apse or altar of a church
Apse
The endpoint of a church where the altar is located
Atrium
A courtyard in a Roman house or before a Christian church
Catacomb
An underground passageway used for burial
Clerestory
The third, or window, story of a church
Coffer
A sunken panel in a ceiling
Cubicula
Small underground rooms in catacombs serving as mortuary chapels
Narthex
The closest part of the atrium to the basilica, it serves as vestibule, or lobby, of a church
Nave
The main aisle of a church
Orant figure
A figure with its hands raised in prayer
early Christian, Santa Costanza
c. 350
-Central plan
-Domed main space; barrel vaulted side aisle
-Austere exterior
-Mosaics inside
early Christian, Galla Placidia
c. 425
-Fusion of central plan and axial plan
-Exterior: brick facade represents the gross exterior world, minimal windows, cornice runs around building, pediments on all sides
-interior: brilliantly colored mosaics, represents the soul
early Christian, Santa Costanza mosaic
c. 425
-Putti harvesting grapes, producing wine; Christian message of turning wine into the blood of Christ.
early Christian, Galla placidia mosaic
c. 425
-Regal version of Chrsit appears in a lunette
-Christ as imperial: golden halo, purple and gold robes, imperial standard instead of a crook
-Golden cross shows Christ's victory over death
-Rich landscape
-3D figures that cast shadows
-Balanced group of sheep
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
c. 350
-Junius Bassus was baptized on his deathbed
-Scenes from Bible in separate niches on the front
-Bassus's redemption through Christ is seen as a parallel to the redemption scenes on the work
-Uniform height of figures
-Roman architectural elemtns and figure style

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