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AP Art History Exam: Byzantine

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Hagia Sophia
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Terms in this set (10)
1050, Venice
-Five domes placed in a cross pattern
-Windows at base of dome illuminate brilliant moasics that cover every wall space above the first floor
-Figures are weightless in a field of gold mosaics
-Prominent iconostasis separates apse from nape
-Compartmentalized space of middle Byzantine architecture
Image: St. Mark's
1500, Moscow
-Commissioned by Ivan the Terrible
-Tall, slender pyramidlike central tower crowned by small, onion-shaped dome
-Central spire surrounded by 8 small domes of various sizes with fanciful decorative surfaces
-Low, flat, rounded arches intermix with triangular forms and tall slender windowlike spaces
Image: St. Basil's
550, Sant'Apollinare, Ravenna
-Stark unadorned exterior brickwork echoes the crudeness of the outside world
-Interior richly decorated symbolizes the soul
-12 sheep represent the 12 apostles
-3 sheep are the apostles who witnessed Jesus's Transfiguration
-Moses and Elijah flank the cross
-Hand of God comes down and blesses the seen
-Increasing flatness of forms, moving awy from classical naturalistic depictions
Image: Sant Apollinare mosaic

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