Putting Reading First Chapter 5 Study Guide
Terms in this set (32)
Purposeful & Active
Good readers are ___ and ____.
Research over 30 years has shown that instruction in ___ can help students understand what they read, remember what they read, and comunicate with others about what they read.
Text comprehension can be improved by instruction that helps readers use specific _____; conscious plan or sets of steps that good readers use to make sense of the text; help students become purposeful active readers who are in control of their own reading comprehension.
Monitoring comprehension, using graphic & semantic organizers, answering questions, generating questions, recognizing story structure, and summarizing are all strategies that have a firm scientific basis for improving ______.
What is defined as "thinking about thinking"?
Identfying what difficulty occurs & what the difficulty is; restate the difficult sentences or passage in their own words & to look back through and look forward in the text for information that might help them resolve the difficulty.
Students may use several comprehension monitoring strategies which include?
Comprehension monitoring instruction teaches students to: be aware of what they do understand, identify what they do not understand and use appropriate "fix-up" strategies to resolve problems in comprehension. True or False
What illustrates concepts and interrelationships among concepts in text, using diagrams or other pictorial devices?
Maps, webs, graphs, charts, frames, or clusters are all known as a type of graphic organizer. True or False
Semantic Organizer (Semantic maps/webs)
What is a type of graphic organizer that looks like a spider web; lines connect a central concept to a variety of related ideas and events?
Graphic organizers do not help students learn from informational text in the content areas, such as Science & Social Studies textbooks and trade books. True or Fase
Used with informational text, graphic organizers can help students see how concepts fit common text structures. True or False
Graphic organizers will not help students with the following: focus on text structure as they read, provide students with tools they can use to examine and visually represent relationships in a text & help students write well-organized summaries of a text. True or False
Teachers have long used___ to guide and monitor students learning; it strongly supports and advances students learning for reading.
Readers learn to answer questions that require an understanding of information that is: text explicit (stated explicitly in a single sentence), text implicit (implied by information presented in 2 or more sentences) and scriptal (not found in the text at all but part of the reader's prior knowledge or experience). True or False
What encourages students to learn to answer questions better and therefore to learn more as they read; one type simply teaches students to look back in the text to find answers to questions that they can't answer after the initial reading and another helps students understand the relationships between questions and where the answers to the questions are found?
By_____ students become aware of whether they can answer the questions and if they understand what they are reading.
Summarizing appears to be effective for improving learnig from reading because: it gives students a purpose for reading; focus students' attention on what they are to learn; help students to think actively as they read; encourage students to monitor their comprehension and help students to review content and relate what they have learned to what they already know. True or False
Teaching students to ask their own questions improves their active processing of text and their comprehension. True or False
Recognizing Story Structure
What refers to the way the content and events of a story are organized into a plot?
A_____ is a synthesis of the important ideas in a text; it requires students to determine what is important in what they are reading, to condense this information and to put it into their own words.
Story maps are used to help students learn to recognize story structure. True or False
Students who can recognize story structure have greater appreciation, understanding, and memory of stories. True or False
In "summarizing" students learn to identify the categories of content (setting, initiating events, internal reactions, goals, attempts, and outcomes) and how this content is organized into a plot. True or False
Effective comprehension strategy instruction is___ or direct; teachers tell students why and when they should use strategies, what strategies to use and how to apply them.
What allows teachers to explain to students why the strategy helps comprehension and when to apply the strategy?
What allows teachers to help students practice the strategy until they can apply it independently?
What allows the teacher to guide and assist students as they learn how and when to apply the strategy?
When the teacher demonstrates how to apply the strategy usually by "thinking aloud" while reading the text that the students are using is?
Closely related concept, collaborative learning-invovles students working together as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks; is used to teach comprehension strategies in content-area sujects:
Teaches students how to use strategies flexibly as they are needed to assist their comprehension;a well known example is called "reciprocal teaching" in which the teacher and students work together so that the students learn 4 comprehension strategies.
Comprehension strategies that are used in reciprocal teaching: students asking questions about the text they are reading; summarizing parts of the text; clarifying words and sentences they don't understand; and predicting what might occur next in the text. True or False