11 terms

AP Art History Exam: Early Medieval

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Animal style
A medieval art form in which animals are depicted in a stylized and often complicated pattern, usually seen fighting one another
Cloissonne
Enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin bands of metal
Cloister
A rectangular open-air monastery courtyard with a covered arcade surrounding it
Codex
A manuscript book
Horror vacui
("fear of empty spaces") A type of artwork in which the entire surface is filled with objects, people, designs, and ornaments in a crowded, sometimes congested way
Westwork
A monumental entrance to a Carolingian church in which two towers flank a lower central entrance
Hiberno-saxon, Purse cover
c. 600
-Sutton Hoo was the scene of a ship burial
-Animal style: hawks attacking ducks
-Animals bite the heads of the men they flank
-Interlacing patterns of ornamental designs
-Legs and arms intertwined
-Cloisonne
Hiberno-haxon, Lindisfarne Gospels
c. 700
-Ink on vellum
-Man behind curtain may be inspiration from God, or perhaps Moses or Christ
-Matthew's symbolic angel is above him
-Byzantine influence
-Flattened, linear elements
-Soft modeling of Byzantine art turned into a crisp cusp-shaped lines in St. Matthew's drapery
Hiberno-saxons, book of kells
c. 800
-Ink on vellum
-Lavish, richly illustrated book with great complexity of design
-Horror vacuii
-Interlacing patterns dominate
-Heads and figures of people appear in the elaborate patterning
-Initials are dominant motifs
-First two letters of Christ's name in Greek
Carolingian, Lorsch Gatehouse
-Imitating Arch of Constantine
-Fluted pilasters on the second story
-Carolingian patterning motifs cover the walls
-Building stood in an atrium
Carolingian, Palatine Chapel
c. 800, Aachen, Germany
-Centrally planned chapel built for Charlemagne
-Resembles San Vitale

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