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New Testament Exam 2
Terms in this set (81)
How is Acts related to Luke? Who wrote Acts? How do we know? What do we know about the author of Acts?
-Luke wrote acts as a sequel to his gospel
-He writes from the first person several times, "I, we" and uses Luke's style
-Luke has joined Paul's mission
When was Acts written? What evidence do we have for that approximate date?
-Written in the early 60's AD
-It had to be finished before 64 AD because that is when Nero's persecution began
-Act's ends with Paul preaching unhindered in Rome, not persecuted
What are the three major sections of Acts?
-Church begins in Jerusalem
-Church expands through Judea and Samaria
-Church expands through the World
What verse in Acts serves as an outline for the book? What other structural markers indicate the divisions in the book?
-Seven summary statements:
2:42-47, 6:7, 9:31, 12:24, 16:5, 19:20, 28:30-31
What is the purpose of Acts?
To explain the beginning and the expansion of the church from Jerusalem to Rome
How does God's sovereignty play a role in the purpose of the book of Acts?
-Luke shows God is sovereignly causing the expansion of the Church
-Even when persecution steps in, nothing can stop the expansion of the Church
What two important sub-purposes for Acts did the professor identify?
-Luke seeks to prove Paul's legitimacy as an apostle
-Luke also wishes to demonstrate that Christianity is not a political threat to Rome
What is the Greek term for "church" and what does it literally mean?
ekklesia: gathering, or assembly
What are the two senses in which the church is described in the NT: universal and local?
Universal: a group of all Christians from all of time (only those who are actually saved)
Local: thousands of groups of Christians meeting regularly in their home areas (not necessarily all saved)
How does Acts 1 relate to Luke 24?
Jesus' final words before his ascension
What are the apostles expecting in Acts 1, when they ask Jesus if He will now restore the Kingdom to Israel? How does Jesus respond?
-Expect Jesus to now establish David's throne over Israel and rule
-Responds by saying, "No, the kingdom will spread throughout the world through your works"
How does Luke describe the baptism of the Holy Spirit in Acts 2:1-4? What are three results of the baptism of the Spirit in Acts 2?
-A sound like a violent wind, tongues of fire on each one
1. All hear the mighty acts of God in their own languages
2. Peter boldly proclaims the Gospel message, indicating this event is part of the last days
3. Crowd is convicted, over 3000 believe in Christ
What are the ways that Luke describes the church's life at the close of Acts 2?
-Devoted to the apostles teaching, fellowship, the Lord's Table, and prayer
-United in joy, encouraged through many miracles, and many come to Christ
How do pentecostals, charismatics, the Vineyard, and the Father's Blessing traditions understand the baptism of the Spirit applying today?
1. It empowers Christians for living/witnessing/exercising gifts properly
2. There may be many dramatic signs/manifestations which come with this - tongues, miracles, slaying of demons
What is the opposing view of the Spirit's baptism for today?
1. Events in Acts are unique to the start of the church
2. Spirits powers are now always available, no need to wait-for/seek it
3. Any claimed manifestations must be evaluated carefully
Describe the three stages of the church's early life and the initial resistance that it faced, recorded in Acts 3:1 to 6:7.
1. Peter presents and performs signs
2. Jewish leaders threaten the apostles
3. The church is strengthened
Why is the second major section of Acts (6:8 to 9:31) a "transitional" section?
The spread of the Gospel is slowing among the Jews, now spreading to the Samaritans and the Gentiles
What three people stand out in the second major section of Acts? How does the story of each develop the transition of the section?
Stephen: Gospel starts to slow among Jews
Philip: Gospel reaches the Samaritans
Saul: the Gospel messenger to the gentiles is prepared
Why is Saul converted, according to God's words to Ananias in Acts 9?
"He is the chosen instrument of mine before the gentiles... for I will show him how much he will suffer for my name"
What are the four sub-sections to the third major section of Acts (9:32 to 28:31)?
-Antioch, Syria (North)
-Asia Minor (West)
-Europe (further West)
In the third major section of Acts, how does the focus of Acts shift from the previous sections (two ways)?
-Central character shifts from Peter to Paul
-Recipients of the Gospel shift from Jews to Gentiles
When Peter speaks to Cornelius and the Gentiles in Acts 10, what is the result? What change in the makeup of the church does it bring?
-Leads Cornelius and his household to Christ
-Jews and Gentiles both begin to come to faith in great numbers, Gentiles do not have to become Jews
How does Luke describe the growth of the church at Antioch, Syria, in Acts 11? What does Barnabus do at Antioch that changes the growth of the church in Acts?
-Barnabus retrieves Saul from Tarsus
-Both Jews and gentiles come in great numbers
When Paul and Barnabus go on their missions trip in Acts 13-14, what is the pattern of events in most towns that they visit?
-Paul preaches to the Jews and performs signs
-Gentiles believe in Jesus in great numbers
-Jews persecute Paul, driving him out of town
How do some Jewish believers in Acts 15:1,5 respond to the Gentiles' faith in Christ?
Start discussing whether or not the gentiles must become Jews to be saved
Why is the Jerusalem Council called in Acts 15? What is the result? What two decisive events at the Council lead to those results? How do the Gentile believers at Antioch respond to the Council's results?
-To debate whether gentiles must uphold the law to be saved
-Peter declares salvation by grace not the law; Paul and Barnabus report the gentiles faith
-Receive the message with joy
Why do Barnabus and Paul separate before their second missions trip? Who comes along with Paul on the second missions trip (two people mentioned in class)?
-Paul and Barnabus have a disagreement on whether John Mark should accompany them
-Silas, and eventually picks up Timothy
In the third mini-section of the last major section of Acts (16:6-19:20), where do Paul and Silas intend to go to minister? Where does the Holy Spirit lead them? Be able to locate on a map the general region and cities that Paul visited on this second missions trip in Acts 16-19.
Describe the sequence of events in Philippi that Paul and Silas experienced.
-Paul speaks to Lydia and others put their faith in the gospel
-Exorcises slave girl, gets beaten, thrown in jail
-Sings in jail, earthquake frees them, chooses not to escape
-Speaks to jailer, saves his life by not escaping, visits jailers home, he and his family convert
What ministry pattern resurfaces as Paul moves through Thessalonica and Berea?
-Paul preaches and performs signs
-Gentiles believe in Jesus in great numbers
-Jews persecute Paul, drive him out of town
How does Luke describe the "noble-minded" Bereans in Acts 17:11?
Received the word with eagerness, studied and examined the scriptures to see if these words were true
In Acts 18, what do we learn about Apollos? What does Aquila and Priscilla do for him?
Eloquent preacher who comes to Corinth
What do Aquilla and Prescilla do for Apollos?
Modify his preaching to include Jesus in his message
In Acts 19, what does Paul do for a group of disciples of John the Baptist?
In Ephesus, converts them and lays hands on them, they receive the Holy Spirit
How long does Paul preach in Ephesus?
How would you describe that time with Paul in Ephesus?
-Heals powerfully, even strips of cloth which he has touched can heal
Why does Luke contrast Paul's power with that of the Jewish opposition?
To show that it is not Paul's name which is being magnified, but Jesus'
What is the result of Paul's preaching in Ephesus?
Those in the occult believe in Christ and burn their objects of worship. God's power rules.
What do we know about the most likely candidate as the author of James? Why is it unlikely that he is the apostle James, brother of John the apostle
-Sibling of Jesus
-One of the leaders of the Jerusalem church
-Most likely was not saved until after the resurrection
-He was dead before the probable writing of the book
Approximately when was James written?
Hard to date, probably one of the first NT books written, perhaps as early as late 40's
What is the purpose of James?
To encourage Jewish Christians to live in a way which demonstrates their faith
In what sense is James action-oriented and practical? Why did he write about behavior and action more than theory, according to the professor?
-He is far more interested in behavior and life, rather than in doctrine and position in Christ
-May subtly be reprimanding Jews, because frequently throughout the OT Jews are more focused on their standing rather than obeying
In what five ways does James describe living faith in the first section of the book (including what each means)?
-Is the key to overcoming all trials
-Faith doesn't always have to speak or get angry, but listens in order to do what is right
-Shows mercy without favoritism
-Enables us to restrain our speech
What are the three ways that James describes wise living in the second section? (three things)
-Personal purity from the world
-Praying humbly for one another's needs
-Restoring the sinning brother or sister
How do faith and works relate, according to James 2?
-"Faith without works is dead," if we have faith, it should produce good works in us
Approximately when was Galatians written?
Probably one of the first NT book, written in the late 40's AD
To the best of our knowledge, was Galatians written before or after the Council of Jerusalem recorded in Acts 15?
Before. If it had been written afterward, the council's decision would have been a great piece in arguing Paul's case
What is the purpose of Galatians? What are the three sections of Galatians? How does Paul develop his purpose through the three sections of the book?
-To defend salvation by faith alone, it is not by trying to keep the law
1. Paul's apostleship and message defended
2. Justification by Faith
3. Freedom in the spirit
-The purpose is achieved in three stages through the three sections
Who are the Judaizers and what did they teach? Why are they a threat to the gospel? What were they saying to the Gentiles about Paul and his teaching?
-Taught that gentiles were saved through following of the law
-Challenging that he was an apostle and should be discredited
What is different about Paul's start to Galatians than his other letters? What does it indicate about his attitude toward the Galatian Christians when writing the book?
-Starts by defending his apostleship
-Launches in at the Galatians, usually begins with praise for his readers
What three evidences does Paul argue for his apostleship in chapters 1-2? What conclusion should the Galatians come to about Paul and his message?
-Receives his calling from Jesus directly
-Apostles at Jerusalem endorsed Paul's message
-Paul's authority allowed him to rebuke Peter
Conclusion: Paul is a legitimate apostle, so listen to him
What is the essence of Paul's rebuke of the Galatians in 3:1-5? How should they live, now that they have come to Christ for salvation?
"If you couldn't save yourselves by the law, what makes you think that you can now live by the law?"
-Law was not given to give us life, but to prove us all sinners
In Galatians 3:21-25, why was the Mosaic law given?
to be our tutor and God's high moral standards, to lead us to Christ
What question is addressed in Galatians 5-6, based on the argument of the book to this point?
If Paul's message is with apostolic authority, and we are justified by faith and not the law, how then should we live?
In what four ways does Paul answer the question in Galatians 5-6?
-In freedom of the law, love one another by faith
-Living in the spirits power, displaying His characters traits as we submit to His control
-Restoring one another when there is sin present
-Doing good for one another, in church and in world
What circumstances led Paul to write 1 Thessalonians, according to 1 Thessalonians 3:1-9?
Paul is sending it as a letter of joy after receiving a good report from Timothy since Paul was chased out of town
From where does Paul write 1 Thessalonians? What is the purpose of 1 Thessalonians?
-Probably from Corinth
-To encourage the Gentile believers by reminding them of Paul's affection for them, and the great hope they have in Christ
What is Paul's attitude toward the Thessalonians? How is his ministry to them described in 2:1-21?
-He has love toward them
-Gently caring for them, not for his own gain, Paul desires to see them again, despite that he is currently being prevented
How does Paul encourage the Thessalonians in chapters 4-5?
By reminding them of their general hope in Christ
About how much time passes between the writing of 1 and 2 Thessalonians?
Probably written soon after
What is the purpose of 2 Thessalonians? What makes Paul write this letter to them?
-To encourage Gentile Christians, by correcting a false rumor about Jesus coming
-They heard a rumor Jesus had already been left out, and they had been left behind
What details about Jesus' return does Paul give in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12?
-Conditions on Earth deteriorate, many professing Christians leave the faith
-All Hell breaks loose
-God will destroy all opposition when Jesus appears
In 2 Thessalonians 3, what does Paul instruct about lazy busybodies in the church? What two points summarize how Paul wants the church to discipline any lazy believer?
-All should work and contribute to their own support
-Do not associate with the busybody, in order to shame them
-But do this shaming as a brother, not as an enemy
When and from where was 1 Corinthians written? How many letters were written by Paul to Corinth, and which ones have survived?
-Mid 50's AD, from Ephesus
-1 Corinthians was probably the second letter written to the Corinthians, with the first being lost in history. He is responding to a series of issues that are dividing the Corinthian Christians into factions
What do we know about the city of Corinth at the time of Paul? What was the condition of the Corinthian church when Paul wrote 1 Corinthians?
-Prosperous port city, but also world famous for immorality, tremendous wealth and vice
-Proud and factitious, had specific questions for Paul to answer
What is the purpose of 1 Corinthians?
-To unify the church against factions, bringing all areas of life under the Lordship of Christ
How is the purpose of 1 Corinthians developed in the two major sections of the book?
1. The Church united. In the first section of the book, Paul seeks to bring the Corinthian factions together under the Lordship of Christ
2. Counsel on Christian Living. Paul describes how their subjection to the Lordship of Christ shows itself in marriage, liberty, ministries, and financial support of the Church
How does Paul express his argument against factions in 1 Corinthians 1-4 (4 ways)?
1. We are all one in the Lord Jesus Christ
2. The message of the cross is the power of the Gospel, killing pride and factions
3. True wisdom is possible for spiritual people, but they are still fleshly because of their pride and factions
4. Paul chides them for their arrogance
Why does Paul address the specific issues that he does in 1 Corinthians 7-16?
Paul deals with several specific questions about marriage, Christian liberty, spiritual gifts, the Gospel, and giving.
In 1 Corinthians 7, what five points does Paul make about marriage issues?
1. Give yourself to one another in marriage
2. Remain single if possible to serve without distraction
3. If you burn with sexual desire, get married
4. Married couples, if possible, remain with your spouse until death
5. Generally, it is best to remain as you are
What is Paul's teaching about Christian liberty in general in 1 Corinthians 8-9?
1. Do not be too hard on one another, with the use of your personal liberty
2. Use your freedom to be winsome, and self-discipline for ministry
In what way has Paul become "all things to all men," in 1 Corinthians 9?
He appeals and morphs into whatever people group he is trying to evangelize to
From 1 Corinthians 11:1-17, how should men and women worship?
Women: cover their heads
Men: do not cover themselves
How should they celebrate the Lord's Supper, according to 1 Corinthians 11?
Treat it as a memorial, prepare their hearts
What does Paul teach about spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12-14? Why are the gifts given to the church (chapter 12)?
-Paul desires them to use their gifts/abilities for church unity and edification, not as reason to boast
-Paul argues that gifts are to give us variety within unity, interdependence
From 1 Corinthians 13, what is the most critical ingredient to the proper use of the gifts of the Spirit?
Why does Paul compare prophecy and tongues in chapter 14?
As an example of proper motivation: to build up the church
What is "edification?"
How should all activity be conducted in church meetings, according to chapter 14?
Orderly and harmonious
Why is the resurrection important, according to chapter 15 (four points)?
1. Makes our faith effective
2. Proves that we are foreign
3. Assures us of life after death in changed bodies
4. Proves that we will never die
What final instruction does Paul give in chapter 16 of 1 Corinthians?
Give to the poor church in Jerusalem, then personal words about Timothy, Apollos, and other believers.
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