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Key Concept 3.1. Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks
Terms in this set (31)
what were the four massive expansion during classical period and post-classical period?
The Silk Roads, the Mediterranean sea, the trans-Saharan and the Indian Ocean basin.
what increases when transportation technologies and commercial practice enhanced during this period?
volume of trade
Give examples of new trading city.
Novgorod, Timbuktu, The Swahili city-states, Hangzhou, Calicut, Baghdad, Melaka, Venice, Tenochtitlan, and Cahokia.
what is the network called that was created by the Aztec empire which spanned from modern-day Southern Mexico to modern-day New Mexico ?
What made the goods to move throughout the Andes mountain on a highly developed network of roads and bridges throughout the mountains during the Inca empire era?
local production and the central government's facilitating the exchange of goods
what's luxury goods? give an example of luxury goods.
expensive products. Example: spice
what's significant invention that helped people to extend their route through Sea during this period?
What's caravan organization? Give an example of caravan organization.
A group of merchants that travel with horses and camel to transport goods from one place to another. Example; Caravanserai
Give two or more examples of new forms of credit and Monetization.
bill of exchange, banking house and checks.
What was constructed by Sui dynasty in China during the sixth century to connect Yellow river and Yantze river?
The grand canal.
What causes commercial growth during this era ?
State practices, trading organizations, and state-sponsored commercial infrastructures.
Give examples of the state practices.
minting of coins and the use of paper money.
Give an example of trading organizations.
Give an example of state-sponsored commercial infrastructures.
The grand canal.
What are the empires that facilitated Trans-Eurasian trade ?
The china empires, the caliphate, the Byzantine empire, and the Mongols.
What were the major migration in the post-classical period?
The Bantu migrations in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab migrations in the Middle East, the Turkic migrations in Asia, Polynesian migrations in Oceania, and Vikings in Europe.
How did migrations helped this regions ?
Introducing new languages, new products and Agriculture technique.
How did environmental knowledge and technologies adaptations assist the long trade in the post-classical period?
Knowing the environment such as weather and how to deal with them helped them expand their journey. Besides, technology adaptation such as improving the ship to last long helped them to expand their trade.
Give an example of environmental knowledge and technologies adaptations.
The way the Arabs and Berbers adapted camels to travel across and around the Sahara
Give an example of migration and their environmental impact.
The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples who cultivated transplanted foods and domesticated animals as they moved to new islands.
Give an example of diffusion of language.
The spread of the Bantu language.
What religion is borrowed from Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian ideas about the cosmos, values and the afterlife?
what are the five pillars of Islam?
A testament of faith asserting monotheism and the legitimacy of Muhammad's message in the Koran.Prayers 5 times a day facing Mecca (the Ka'ba).charity in the form of 2.5% of one's income. Fasting from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan.The Hajj to Mecca once in a lifetime.
What Islamic missionaries helped poor people and created a personal relationship with Allah?
What's are Diasporic communities? Give an example of Diasporic communities.
communities of people that share a particular culture, heritage, or homeland who relocate to an area outside of their traditionally defined homeland and transplant their culture to their new location.Example:Muslim merchant communities in the Indian Ocean region
What's significant about inter-regional travelers ? Give examples of inter-regional travelers.
Their writing provides historians with tremendous information about the world in which they traveled.Examples: Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo, Xuanzang.
What is the effect of increased cross-cultural interactions?
The diffusion of literary, artistic, and cultural traditions. Example: Hinduism and Buddhism in Southeast Asia.
what else did the increased cross-cultural interactions result in?
The diffusion of scientific and technological traditions. Example: The influence of Greek and Indian mathematics on Muslim scholars.
what's the continued diffusion throughout the Eastern Hemisphere along the trade routes?
The diffusion of crops and pathogens.
Give examples of new foods and agricultural techniques that were adopted in the populated areas.
Bananas in Africa, New rice varieties in East Asia, The spread of cotton, sugar, and citrus throughout Dar al-Islam and the Mediterranean basin.
What else spread throughout the trade and military conquest?
Epidemic diseases such as the Black Death.