TFM-160 exam 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

implicit meaning
lies below the surface of a movie's story, is closest to our everyday sense of the words meaning
Explicit meaning
The above surface of a movie, association, connection, or inference that a view makes on the basis of the explicit meanings available on the surface
How is implicit and explicit like onions and ogre
Onions have multiple layers. Ogers are like onions because they have somemting below the surface
How can implicit and explicit meaning apply to Juno
The "implicit meaning" of Juno could be a teenage girl faced with a difficult decision, and makes a step towards adult hood.
Formal Analysis
dissects the complex cinematography, sound, composition, design, movement, performance, and editing orchestrated by creative directors to understand how to story, mood, and meaning was convaed
Cinematic language
-The visual (and oral) vocabulary
-composed of myriad integrated techniques and concepts
-Connects the viewer to the story
Form
means by which the subject is expressed and experienced (How it is presented)
Alternate approaches to analysis
exposes the implicit and hidden meaning that inform our understanding of the cinematic function with popular culture as well as the influences on popular cultural movies
Why is cinematic language "invisible"
early filmmakers created a cinematic language that draws upon the way we interpret visual information in our real lives. Allowing the audience pick up on things without the director saying anything. (In Juno there are many shots from the bottom to show Juno as triumphant
Shot
an uninterrupted run of the camera. A shot can be as short or long as the director wants, it can not exceed the length of the film stock in the camera
cut
A direct change from one shot to another, as a result of cutting
Editing
the process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole.
close-up
a shot that shows a part of the body fully in frame
fade in/fade out
a transitional device where a shot fades in out from a black field or from a color film
low angle shot
made with the camera below the action, normally places the subject in a position of importance
cutting action
connecting one shot to the next
protagonist
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movies story
motif
a recurring visual, sound, or narrative element that impacts meaning and significance (In Juno it would be the group of boys running or the chair)
theme
a shared public idea, like a metaphor,
what is the difference between form and content
Content: the subject of an artwork
Form: the means by which the subject is expressed
how do movies use patterns to convey meanings
movies use patterns to confuse the audience and lead them in one direction and then change the storyline and leave them unprepared
parallel editing
technique that makes different lines of action appear to be occurring simultaneously. HAs the effect to create and set the mood.
What are the three fundamental principles of film form?
-movies depends on light
-movies provide an illustration of movement
- movies manipulate space and time in a unique way (done by the power of editing)
how do movies manipulate space
movies manipulate time by doing slow motion or extream compression of vast swaths of time.
realism
an insert in or concern for the actual or real
anti realism
an interest in or concern for the abstract, speculative, or fantistic
verisimilitude
a convincing appearance of truth
persistence of vision
the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it
critical flicker fusion
occurs when a single light flickers on and off with such speed that the pulses of light fuse together to give the illusion of continuous light
what are four different ways to look at a narrative
-A narrative is a story
-a narrative is a type of movie
-a narrative is a way of structuring functional and fictional
stories presented in narrative films
experimental movies
(Not your typical movie)
-pushes the boundaries of what people think movies should be
-avant-guard
documentary movies
-(Recording reality)
-educating viewers
-presenting political or social annalysis
Hybrid movies
blends the three primary genres of film together
Genre
the categorization of narrative films by the stories they tell and the ways they tell them.
what are the 4 basic approaches to a documentary film
-Factual film
-persuasive film
-instructional film
-propoganda film
what are six elements (Set of conventions) that your reading uses to define and classify film genres
-character types
=theme
-setting
-story formula
-presentation: Tone and atmosphere
-stars
What are the six genres
Gangster- American Dream (Anyone can succeed no matter the origin)
Film Noir- 1940s, dark and deep shadows
western- exploration of the early western US
horror- born out of cultural need to confront and conquer something frighting
science fiction - focuses on humanities relationship with technology and science
musical - tells a story by people expressing themselves through song and dance
what are the three basic types of animation
-Hand drawn animation (traditional, cel animation)
-stop-motion animation
-computer animation (3D animation)
Factual Film
A documentary Film that usually presents people, places, or processes in a straightforward way meant to entertain and instruct without unduly influencing audiences
Instructional Film
a documentary film that seeks to educate viewers about common interests, rather than persuading them with particular ideas
Persuasive Film
a documentary film concerned with presenting a particular perspective on social issues, or with corporate and governmental injustice.
Propaganda Film
a documentary film that systematically disseminates deceptive or distorted information
what are the three basic phases of making movies
-preproduction
-production
-postproduction
How are movies made
3 stages
-Preproduction- preparing and planning for the movie (could take up to a year)
-Production- filming and shooting (could last six weeks or several months)
-postproduction- editing, bringing the film to the public (marketing and distrabution)
analog
a medium of film in which the camera creates an image by recording through a camera lens the original light given off by the subject
processing
the second stage of creating a motion picture in which technicians wash exposed film (which contains a negative image) with chemicals.
projecting
the third stage of creating motion pictures in which a device shoots through the film a beam of light intense enough to reverse the initial process and project a large image on the movie screen.
format
the gauge, or width, of the film stock and its perforations
film stock length
the number of feet (or meters) or the number of reels being used in a particular film
film-stock speed (exposure index)
indicates the degree to which the film is light-sensative
exposure
the length of time that the film in exposed to light
resolution
the concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate or reflect upon story outcomes
pixels
short for "picture element", these are small dots that makeup the image on a video screen
digital
an electronic process that creates its image through a numbered system of pixles
flash cards
a portable drive that stores things like digitals
producer
a person who guides the entire process of making the movie from its inital planning to its release
director
the person who determines and realizes on the screen an artistic vision of the screenplay; cast the actors and direct their preformances
executive producer
a person in charger of supervising one or more producers, who is responsible for individual movies
line producer
the person, usually involved from preproduction through post production, who is responsible for the day to day management of the production operation