Chapter 2 Pretest
Terms in this set (40)
An intelligence test yields the same results when administered on three separate occasions. However, the test's results are more strongly correlated with hours spent doing homework than they are with other standardized intelligence tests. This test has________ reliability and ________ validity.
Simply expecting something to happen can make it happen. This describes ________.
American researchers studying the effects of physical attractiveness on compliance wish to expand the cross-cultural generalizability of their findings to a Lebanese population. They travel to Lebanon and recruit local residents, whom the American researchers rate as attractive or unattractive, to act as experimental confederates. However, they are unable to replicate their research findings. What is a potential problem with this research?
The study may not be valid due to differences in standards of attractiveness between cultures.
Many studies that cannot ethically be conducted as experiments with typical human participants ________.
are possible to test with animal studies
Which of the following is not part of obtaining informed consent?
explaining the hypothesis to the participants
________ means that there is a relationship between two or more variables.
One hundred introductory psychology students are surveyed about their intended majors. The results indicate that more women than men intend to pursue a psychology major, whereas more men than women intend to pursue a history major. What do these results indicate?
There is a relationship between gender and intended major.
Research shows that people who smoke cigarettes are more likely to get lung cancer than those who do not smoke. This research alone demonstrates that ________.
there is a relationship between smoking and lung cancer
________ (IRB) reviews research that is conducted using human participants.
Institutional Review Board
________ research uses past records or data sets to investigate research questions or to look for patterns or relationships.
The belief that strange behavior is linked to the occurrence of a full moon is an example of a(n) ________.
A(n) ________ is a variable that affects both variables of interest and may falsely give the impression of a cause-and-effect relationship.
The ________ variable measures effects of the independent variable.
________ is a reduction in the number of research participants as some drop out of the study over time.
Dr. Mattar is interested in knowing more about brain injury to the occipital cortex, and he studies patients individually in order to gain in-depth knowledge about their behaviors. These studies would best be described as ________.
A(n) ________ case study is conducted by gathering detailed information about participants who are psychological patients.
The possible range for a correlation coefficient is ________.
between -1 and +1
Which of the following is a scientific way of determining facts?
hat is a limitation that affects the generalizability of research results?
small sample size
A(n) ________ is a description of how the researchers will measure the variables of interest.
A(n) ________ is a well-developed set of ideas that proposes an explanation for observed phenomena.
A ________ is least likely to be involved in the IRB decision regarding whether a study will be permitted.
Which of the following research designs will allow cause-and-effect conclusions?
A sample that ________ is most likely to yield generalizable results.
is large and randomly selected
The only way to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between two variables is to conduct a(n) ________.
In order to maximize the chances that experimental groups represent the population of interest, researchers should conduct ________ and ________.
random sampling; random group assignment
Which of the following represents a strong negative correlation?
The ________ is controlled by the experimenter.
Green et al. used a ________ from their ________ of interest in order to make a ________.
sample; population; generalization
Which correlation coefficient best represents a moderate relationship showing fewer anxiety symptoms in people who report higher life satisfaction?
Which of the following would be difficult to assess using empirical research?
whether the id, ego, or superego is most responsible for emotional reactions
Drs. Goran and Lieberman are interested in assessing differences in pain threshold between men and women. They recruit male and female participants to a study that assesses tolerance for thermal pain. This is an example of a(n) ________ study.
The D.A.R.E. program is an example of ________.
why empirical research is needed
Which of the following represents a weak positive correlation?
The ________ group does not get the experimental treatment.
Which of the following is not a potential problem associated with relying on college students as participants in psychological research?
They have higher attrition rates than other populations.
The ________ reviews research conducted using animal subjects.
Krista and Tatiana Hogan are participants in a(n) ________ of conjoined twins who are joined at the head.
Simplicity of conducting the study is to ________ as ability to test large numbers of participants is to ________.
archival research; surveys
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a good hypothesis?
It is complex.