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Identify models of early childhood curriculum (e.g., Montessori, Creative Curriculum
Terms in this set (21)
(NCLB) No Child left behind
Has directed the growth of both federal and state mandate to construct curriculum models specific to the development of early childhood and elementary programs for academic enhancement
Requires that all teachers be highly qualified in the subject area they are teaching
To secure funding they must develop measurable achievement objectives
Began in 1964
Designed to give low income families and their young children comprehensive services of health, nutrition, education, and parental involvement.
Head start gives local public, private, nonprofit, and for profit agencies grants for delivering comprehensive child development services to promote disadvantage children's school readiness by improving their cognitive and social development
Early head start works to improve prenatal health; improve infant and toddler development, and enhance healthy family functioning.
It serves children from 0-3
Maria Montessori's methods emphasizes children's engagement in self-directed activities, with teachers using clinical observations to act as children's guides.
Employ self-correcting ("autodidactic") equipment
iii. Learn complex math skills and gain knowledge about diverse cultures and languages
Believes in teaching both practical skills and abstract concepts through the medium of physical activities.
Children's senses of autonomy and self-esteem are encouraged in Montessori programs
"Work" refers to developmentally appropriate learning materials.
Stress self-directed activity
Usually incorporate 2or 3 year age range
School days are usually half days
Individualized attention, independence and hands on learning are emphasized
Montessori Method-Practical Life Section
Learn daily skills
Montessori Method-Sensorial Section
Learning though the 5 senses
Ex: Ordering colors from lightest to darkest sorting objects from hard to soft or longest to shortest
Montessori Method-Language Arts Section
Children express themselves in words, and they learn to identify letters, match them in corresponding phonemes (speech sounds) and annually trace their shapes as preparation for learning reading, spelling , grammar and writing
Montessori Method-Mathematics and Geometry Section
Recognize numbers, count, add, subtract, multiply, divide, and use the decimal system via hands-on learning with concrete materials
Montessori Method-Cultural Subjects section
Children learn science, art, music, movement, time, history, geography, and zoology
Aligned with the Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
Key Elements of Creative Curriculum
1. The classroom is divided into interest areas such as blocks, dramatic play, math, art, literacy, discovery science, music, movement and computers.
2. Teachers use a wide variety of instructional strategies and materials
3. Whole group, small group, and individual instruction is a part of the routine.
4. Teachers follow district and State Standards.
5. The Creative Curriculum approach is an approved curriculum by the State Department of Education.
Developed by David P. Weikart and colleagues in 1960
Influenced by Piaget's theory advocating active learning
Research was focused on economically disadvantage students
Classroom are divided into well-furnished separate interest sections and regular daily class routines
Effective with children that need individualize attention.
58 Key experiences
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Creative
Recognizing symbolic use, imitating, and playing roles
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Language and Literacy
Speaking, describing, scribbling, and narrating
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Initiative and social relations
Solving problems, making decisions and choices and building relationships
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Movement
Running, bending, stretching, and dancing
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Music
Singing, listing to music, and playing musical instruments
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Classification
Sorting objects, matching objects or pictures, and describing objects
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Seriation
Arranging things in prescribed orders (by size or numbers)
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Numbers
Preschoolers focus on counting
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences- Space
Activity like filing and emptying containers
High/scope Curriculum Key experiences-Time
Concept of starting, sequences, and stopping actions
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