27 terms

Literary Devices

These flash cards were designed to help students review literary terms and figurative language.
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plot
the story itself; a series of interrelated events/actions that create the story
conflict
struggle between two opposing forces or characters; can be internal or external
setting
the time and place in which the events occur within a work
theme
the general idea or insight about life that the writer wants to send the reader; can be stated or implied
tone
the attitude the writer has toward the reader, his characters, or his subject matter
mood
the feeling given to the reader, usually through the setting
characterization
the way the writer reveals a character's personality or nature; can be direct or indirect
direct characterization
when the author describes the character or makes statements about him
indirect characterization
when the author shows the reader something about the characters through the character's words, thoughts, actions, or other characters' thoughts or words about them
protagonist
the main character
antagonist
the person or force opposing the protagonist
point of view
the vantage point from which the story is told
first person point of view
the narrator is a character in the story and the pronoun I stands for the narrator; we only know what this character knows
third person omniscient point of view
an outside narrator; this narrator tells what different characters think or feel or more than one character could know
symbolism
when objects represent something else
foreshadowing
a hint of what is to come in the story
man vs. man conflict
when one character in a story has a problem with one or more of the other characters
man vs. society conflict
a character has a conflict or problem with society - the school, the law, or tradition
man vs. self conflict
a character struggles with himself and has trouble deciding what to do; this includes a struggle with doubt, fear, etc.
man vs. nature conflict
a character has a problem with some natural happening, such as a stowstorm or bitter cold.
dialogue
refers to the talking that goes on between characters in a story
five parts of the plot
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
exposition
the part of a story (usually the beginning) which explains the background and setting of the story. The characters are often introduced.
rising action
the central part of a story during which various problems arise, leading up to the climax
climax
the highest point (turning point) in the action of a story
falling action
the part of a story which follows the climax or turning point
resolution
the ending or final outcome of a story