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41 terms

Geography: its nature and perspective

STUDY
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5 themes of geography
location, place, movement, human environment interactions, regions
Region
A place that has a common characteristic throughout
Human Environment Interactions
How humans interact with the environment
Movement
Going from one place to another
Place
Human/Physical characteristics of an area
Location
Where things are
Formal Region
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region
A area with common characteristics, but not everything fits into those common characteristics
Vernacular Region (perseptual region)
Peoples' perception of a region
Spatial analysis
Study of where things are and why
Site
Physical characteristics
Situation
Where a place is in relation to other places
Distribution
the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
Spatial Distribution
Where things are distributed in an area
Connectivity
Relationship between people/objects
Regional Studies Approach
Studying one area of the world
Topical Studies Approach
Studying the world as a whole
Diffusion
the act of dispersing or diffusing something
Hierarchal Diffusion
The spread of something through persons of power (like the fasion industry)
Contagious Diffusion
When something comes in contact with something else and spreads
Stimulus Diffusion
When one principle of the idea is spread, but not the whole thing (like if a certain clothing line became popular, and spread a button company around)
Relocation Diffusion
The spread of something by moving to another place
Hearth
Where things originate
Environmental Determinism
When the environment determines culture
Possiblism
When people decide on their own culture, despite the environment
Cultural Ecology
Study of human environment interaction
Sequent Occupence
Every time a new group comes in, their is evidence of their culture
Space Time Compression
Through technology, the world is getting smaller
Arithmetic Density (general density)
Population per unit of land
Physiological Density
People per unit of arible land
Agricultural Density
Farmers per unit of arible land
GPS
Global Positioning System
GIS
Geographic Interface System
Cartography
Map making
Projection
Putting the world on a flat map
Prime Meridian
Line of longitude going through Greenwitch England
Latitude (like a latter)
North and South
Longitude (going long)
East and West
Remote Sensing
Picture of earth from above
Polder
Land reclamed from sea using dikes
Types of distortion
direction, shape, size, distance