56 terms

Text Structures and Their Signal Words

STUDY
PLAY
for example
description
first, second, third, etc.
sequence
characteristics
description
for instance
description
later
sequence
such as
description
next
sequence
is like
description
later
sequence
before
sequence
since
sequence, cause and effect
however
compare and contrast
finally
sequence
after
sequence
nevertheless
compare and contrast
when
sequence
now
sequence
on the other hand
compare and contrast
previously
sequence
similarly
compare and contrast
actual use of dates (e.g. 2013) and times (e.g. 2 p.m.)
sequence
but
compare and contrast
although
compare and contrast
also
compare and contrast
in contrast
compare and contrast
different
compare and contrast
alike
compare and contrast
same as
compare and contrast
either/or
compare and contrast
in the same way
compare and contrast
if . . . then
cause and effect, and problem and solution
just like
compare and contrast
reasons why
cause and effect
as a result
cause and effect
just as
compare and contrast
therefore
cause and effect
likewise
compare and contrast
in comparison
compare and contrast
where as
compare and contrast
so that
cause and effect, and problem and solution
yet
compare and contrast
because
cause and effect, and problem and solution
consequently
cause and effect
puzzle is solved
problem and solution
hence
cause and effect
problem is
problem and solution
thus
cause and effect
this led to
cause and effect
dilemma is
problem and solution
the writer creates a "snapshot"
description
question/answer
problem and solution
Sequence/Chronological
Numbers are used to identify steps in a process such as a recipe, science experiment or building something
Timelines
Look for time words such as first, then, next, last, finally, etc.
Graphic Organizer: Boxes & Arrows, timeline
Descriptive
Uses facts to describe a topic
Headings provide the main idea about the topic
Text provides information about the main idea
Graphic Organizer: Web
Compare and Contrast
Sometimes a heading with two objects is a clue (Butterflies and Moths)
Information is organizer to show how two things are alike and different
Look for transitional words like however, but, moreover, etc.
Graphic Organizer: Venn Diagram
Cause and Effect
Can look like a descriptive structure, so you have to read to look for causes and effects
One cause can have more than one effect
An effect can become a new cause
Look for words such as because, since, so
Graphic Organizer: Cause and Effect T-Chart, boxes and arrows
Problem and Solution
Could look like a descriptive structure, so you have to read to look for problems and solutions
A problem is identified with the steps taken to arrive at a solution
Sometimes the problem is solved and sometimes it isn't
Solutions sometimes trigger another problem that needs to be solved
Graphic Organizer: Problem/Solution Graphic Organizer
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...