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GEOG: Exam 2 Maple TA
Terms in this set (54)
Voluntary simplicity is the name for the program established by the Chinese government in 1979 to slow population growth in China - T/F
Services that enable men and women to limit family size and safeguard individual health rights, and improve quality of life for themselves and their children are called...
Family planning services
The maximum number of individuals of a population that a particular environment can support for an indefinite period, assuming no changes in the environment is the..
A figure that describes the number of children that die between the first and fifth years of their lives in a given population is the..
Child mortality rate
The goal of economic development is all people having access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food at all times - T/F
Population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths is considered a country's doubling time - T/F
The number and proportion of people at each age in a population is its..
Food insecurity is the condition in which people live in chronic hunger and malnutrition - T/F
The application of demographic science that provides information on the populations of various countries or groups of people is called....
The ideas and customs of a group of people at a given time period are called..
The structure of a population in terms of age, sex, and other properties such as marital status and education is its...
Gender inequality is the social construct that results in women not having the same rights, opportunities, or privileges as men - T/F
Replacement-level fertility is the total number of children a woman will have during her lifetime - T/F
Large coalescing supercities are called a megalopolis - T/F
The continued growth of a population after fertility rates have declined, as a result of a population's young age structure is called...
Population growth momentum
The figure that is derived by dividing the population of areal unit by the number of square kilometers or miles that make up the unit is called arithmetic population density - T/F
Physiologic density is the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area - T/F
The science that deals with population structure and growth is called
Natural increase of a population does not reflect either emigrant or immigrant movements - T/F
A periodic count of a country's population is called a census - T/F
The ideas and customs of a group of people at a given period are called...
A figure indicating how long, on average, a person may be expected to live. Normally expressed in the context of a particular state is its...
Replacement level fertility is the total number of children a woman will have during her lifetime - T/F
The future habitability of this planet will be shaped by highly nonlinear dynamic processes - T/F
The boundary beyond which stress in an ecosystem no longer acts in a linear fashion
Synergy is a linear dynamic - T/F
Condition in which the combined effects of two causes is greater than the sum of the two causes acting in isolation from each other
Condition where a direct effect can trigger secondary or indirect effects that could be positive or negative
An urban agglomeration is...
An urbanized region that consists of several adjacent cities or megacities and their surrounding developed suburbs
An urban area of abandoned vacant factories, warehouses, and/or residential sites that may be contaminated from past uses is called a:
Land use planning is...
The process of deciding the best uses for land in a given area
A dust dome is an urban area of abandoned vacant factories, warehouses, and/or residential sites that may be contaminated from past uses-T/F
A city with a livable environment, a strong economy, and a social and cultural sense of community that enhances the well-being of current and future generations of urban dwellers is considered a:
An urban agglomeration is a heterogeneous dynamic urban area studied in the context of a broader ecological system - T/F
A patchwork of vacant developed tracts around the edges of cities containing low population density is called
Green architecture is...
The practice of designing and building homes with environmental considerations such as energy efficiency, recycling, and conservation of natural resources in mind
Urbanization is defined as an urbanized core region that consists of several adjacent cities or megacities and their surrounding developed suburbs - T/F
The design of cities which tall, multiple-unit residential buildings are close to shopping and jobs and are connected by public transport is a:
An ecosystem is the interacting system that encompasses a community and its nonliving environment - T/F
A megacity is a city with more than 1 million inhabitants - T/F
Local heat buildup in an area of high population density is called an:
Urban heat island
A heterogenous dynamic or urban area studied in the context of a broader ecological system is called an:
In less than 20 years (by 2030) the urban populations of Africa and Asia are expected to double - T/F
Poor people will make up a large part of future urban growth - T/F
Although they have much lower levels of urbanization, the developing countries now have 2.6 times as many urban dwellers as the developed regions-T/F
The impact of globalization on cities, especially in developing countries, includes "cookie cutter" architecture that increases energy consumption - T/F
It is clear that cities create many environmental problems. Therefore they cannot be included in plans for a sustainable future. - T/F
A villages eventually grow into towns and cities, their air core temperature rises by about:
2 - 6 degrees Celsius
Along with coastal flooding, sea level rise as a result of global warming would have additional impacts on urban systems. Which of the following would NOT be an impact on urban systems?
Would enrich and enlarge coastal ecological zones
During the first wave of urbanization in North America, it took over 200 years to reach a 56% urban population. How long will it take developing countries, during the second wave of urbanization to achieve a similar percentage?
By 2030 the towns and cities of the developing world will make up what percentage of the world's urban humanity?
More urban growth stems from migration today then from natural increase - T/F
What percentage of natural disasters that result in loss of life occur in developing countries?
A form of government support (such as public financing or tax breaks) given to a business or institution to promote that groups activity is called a
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