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Piaget's View of Cognitive Development
Children actively construct their knowledge, Content and quality of knowledge increase, schemes
Influence of shared characteristics of a group that was born in the same general period.
stages of cognitive devemopment (piaget)
infant- sensorimotor, toddlerhood-preoperational, childhood- concrete operation, adolesence- formal operations
the view that suggests that both nature and nurture influence each other and affect development
Benefits of Myelination
Quicker reaction time, Less clumsiness, More memory, Faster completion of tasks
the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal cortex which are activated by stress make up the __?__ __?__.
Environmental Effects on Thelarche
(breast development) onset (Steingraber)
caloric intake, lack of exercise, tv viewing, stress, chemicals in enviornment
properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
Theory of Mind
An understanding that the self and others have emotions, perceptions, intentions. Develops in preschoolers ages 4 and up
adolescents- Not as much maturity as adults in handling hormones, and affects decision making, risk taking, aggression
one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood
kolhberg's stages of moral reasoning- preconventional/ preoperational
birth-9, avoid punishment, gain reward
kolhberg's stages of moral reasoning- conventional/ concrete operations
age 9-20, value relationships and conformity, social system laws and morality
kolhberg's stages of moral reasoning- postconventional/ formal operations
agreed upon rights, universal ethics
the moral perspective which vews people in terms of their connectedness with others and emphasizes interpersonal communication, relationships, with others.
Sociometric Status- average
receive an average number of positive and negative nominations from peers
Marcia's Four Identity Statuses- Diffusion
not yet experienced a crisis, or made any commitments (undecided and apathetic)
Marcia's Four Identity Statuses- Foreclosure
have made commitments to values and vocation but not through exploration or crisis (accepting parents ideologies and expectations)
Marcia's Four Identity Statuses- Moratorium
in midst of exploring (crisis) but making no commitments
Marcia's Four Identity Statuses- Achievement
have experienced crisis/exploration and then decided/made a commitment
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