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51 terms

Sociology Exam

STUDY
PLAY
Pluralism
What is another name for multiculturalism?
Ageism
The term _____________ refers to prejudice, discrimination, and hostility directed against people because of their age.
A discriminatory health care experiment at Tuskegee University
What phrase best describes Miss River's Lodge?
Attitudes
Prejudice describes
Actions
Discrimination describes
Race
What is a group of people with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group?
Prejudice
An attitude of prejudging, usually in a negative way
Graying of America
Refers to the growing proportion of older people as a percentage of the U.S. population
Institutional discrimination
Negative treatment of a minority group that is built into the fabric of society...also called systemic discrimination
gender stratification
Unequal access to power, property and prestige based on ones sex
Fertility, mortality & migration
The three variables a demographer uses to determine a country's growth rate
Oligarchy
A system of government in which decision-making is vested in a small group of people
Suttee
Burning the living widow w/ the body of her dead husband
Nuclear family
Sociologically, a family that
consists of a husband, wife and children
"It leads to social inequalities"
The primary criticism leveled against Capitalism
adultolescent
Children who return to live at home after college
Patriarchal society
A society where men dominate women; authority is vested in males
Genocide
Systematic annihilation of a
people based on their presumed race or ethnicity
Fertility rate
The term demographers use to refer to the number of children an average woman bears
A society that practices exogamy
A society that permits
interracial marriage and
marriage outside of your social class
The concentric zone model
A model of urban growth that views the city as a series of somewhat circular zones occurring outward
from its center
2 functions of the public school system
Providing childcare & bringing about social integration
Political instability
Which of the following conditions is a declining standard of living most likely to create in a country?
Honor killing
In Pakistan, Jordan, and Kurdistan, a woman who has brought disgrace to her family is killed by a male relative usually by her brother or husband
Democrats
In the US, which political party is most associated with the working class?
Nazi Germany and the Gestapo
Which of the following power styles is the best example of totalitarianism?
China
Which nation has adopted the one couple, one child policy?
Gender
Can be defined as whatever behaviors and attitudes the group considers profit for its males and females and can vary fro culture to culture
Local property taxes
How are public schools primarily funded?
Social integration
One of the functions performed by schools is to promise a sense of national identity and stabilize the political system. This function is known as
Grade inflation
Higher grades given for the same work, or general rise in student grades without a corresponding increase of in learning
Credentialized society
When employers use diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though the diploma or degree can be irrelevant to the actual work, it becomes a
True
The Graying of America refers to the growing proportion of older people as a percentage of the U.S. population
False
The way in which race is determined is a universal, cultural constant
True
Technology is the driving force behind change
False
Prejudice is an action; discrimination is an attitude
True
People who are prejudice against one racial or ethnic group tend to be prejudice against other groups
True
Providing childcare and bringing about social integration are examples of the functions of public school systems
False
Individual discrimination, rather than institutional discrimination, is the reason why minority group members are less likely to be given a mortgage
False
The testosterone bonus refers to men's ability to think quicker and act more decisively than women
True
Gender stratification refers to the unequal access to power, property and prestige based on ones sex
True
Sociologically, females are appropriately classified as a minority group
True
Because age is socially constructed there is little unified agreement worldwide on the image and treatment of the elderly
True
Western culture is now in crisis and is no longer the apex of civilization
True
Historically, television advertisements and other forms of media have portrayed elderly people with negative images
False
Romantic love and its importance are a cultural universal and are the same everywhere
False
Rational legal authority is vested in the elected officials of the government rather than traditional or written rules
True
Nazi Germany serves as the primary example of Totalitarian regime
True
A society that permits interracial marriage is practicing exogamy
True
Functionalists note that the incest taboo serves to avoid role confusion in families
False
The inclination to wage war is a universal characteristic common to all human societies