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Multicultural FINAL KMMK3
Terms in this set (80)
American Indian: Savage
Used to justify taking land and over hostility towards others. Bloodthirsty, trophies, and uncivilized.
American Indian: Noble savage
Iroquois, good, honest, and fair but not civilized. Higher moral character.
American Indian: Magical native american
This group possesses magical powers, just because of their ethnicity. Oneness with nature and a unique connection with the spirit realm. Positive discrimination.
American Indian: Indian princess
Caricature. No royalty among this group. Princess is always beautiful and strong. Women were considered forbidden and uncivilized.
American Indian: Museum indian
This community is dying and the government supports them. Only find these individuals in a reservation. It is a growing community.
American Indian: Nation
Refers to the whole culture, lifestyle and systems of belief shared by a specific group of people. Most tribes consider themselves to be a sovereign nation.
American Indian: Tribe
The way nations are divided into tribes, bands, and clans.
American Indian: Clan
A family-based infrastructure, including extended family members and adopted members, who share common ancestors. Don't marry inside clan.
American Indian: Native American
A catch all, controversial in use.
American Indian: Indian
Used in the 1500's and 1600's. Controversial in use.
American Indian: Alaskan native
Insult from north. Refers to those commonly referred to as Eskimos.
American Indian: Preferred terms
American Indian or Alaskan Native
American Indian: PISL
Plains Indian Sign Language or Hand Talk
Asian: Model minority
Best minority group, hard working, politically inactive, intelligent, people who have elevated their social standing through merit and diligence, studious, productive, and makes other minority groups feel even more inferior. Other minority groups don't want anything to do with them. Separates them from minority groups as a whole.
Asian: Bamboo celiing
How many high power positions are of this group?
Asian: Evil Asian
Asian: "Yellow Uncle Tom"
Passive, older and speaks broken English, typically refers to men.
Portrays them as feminine and laborers. Unable to speak English correctly, not presented as knight and shinning armor for women.
Asian: "Black" Asian
Ascribes to identifying markers of the AA group.
Asian: Far East
China, Japan, and Korea
Asian: SE Asia
Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Burma.
Asian: South Asia
India and Pakistan
Not acceptable as a reference for people. Only used for inanimate objects (rugs, spices).
Means "the east". The east vs. the civilized west.
Asian: Asian or Asian-American
Refers to a diverse group of individuals and was created by the government.
Primary language: Putonghua
- Based on Mandarin
- Tonal language
- Each written language - up to 5 meanings
- Spoken by over 70% of population
- Over 55 other dialects
- Official language is Mandarin
- English is the popular language for students
- Spoken Japanese is NOT related to spoken Chinese
- Written language "Kahji" is related to Chinese ideographs
- English is taught in all secondary schools and is often used in business
- Language is key to the people's identity - a source of national pride
- Language is written in "Hangu" - easier to understand for the commoner.
- Monosyllabic - each syllable is a word, up to 4 syllables can be joined to form new words.
- Each word can have 6 tones = 6 meanings
- Ethnic groups speak their own languages at home
- French is a common language used for communication
- Tonal language - 5 tones
- Other Thai dialects used in regions of the country
- Many people speak Malay and Chinese
- Well educated people may speak English
Asian: Discourse pattern
High context, use of soft-spoken voice, attentive listening, diplomacy, hierarchical, indirect style, restraint of emotions.
Silence, smiling, "mask", eye contact avoiding, expressive gestures, no pointing!, head nod, bows.
Use of space, living space, harmony, keep opinions private, authroity respected, group success, humility, use of color.
Touching, risk-taking, gift-giving, unlucky numbers, gender behavior.
Hispanic: The Latin lover
Gorgeous, dark skinned, dark bedroom eyes, and gyrates.
Hispanic: The domestic
Hispanic domestics are a staple in media depictions of affluent American families. The Hispanic Maid and Gardener stereotypes speak heavily accented English liberally sprinkled with Spanish words and phrases. Unintelligent and have random jobs.
Hispanic: The male baffoon
The Male Buffoon always plays the fool for comic relief. He is childish, simpleminded and bumbling.
Hispanic: The harlot
The Harlot is lusty and hot-tempered; a slave to her passions. Scantily dressed.
Hispanic: The female clown
The Female Clown is the comic counterpart of the Latino male buffoon and, like the harlot, exemplifies a common device that neutralizes Latina's sexuality. This is a necessary requirement because the hero must have a reason to reject the Latina in favor of the Anglo woman. For that to occur, the Latina's sexual allure must somehow be negated. Has an inability to grasp American culture, intellectually and linguistically limited.
Hispanic: The Bandito
The Bandito is dirty and unkempt, usually displaying an unshaven face, missing teeth, perhaps a gold tooth, and disheveled, oily hair. The face is scared and scowling to complete the easily recognizable stereotype. He is vicious, cruel, treacherous, shifty, and dishonest; psychologically he is irrational, overly emotional, and quick to resort to violence. His inability to speak English or his English has a very heavy Spanish accent is a way of signaling his feeble intellect, a lack of brainpower that makes it impossible for him to plan or strategize successfully. Gun slinger, sneaky, and violent.
Latium: the name of the country
Rome: capital city of Latium
Hispanic: Romance languages
Refers to the languages that evolved from the Roman empire. Most widely used are:
Refers to the tribes of people that eventually started the Roman empire and also refers to the language they spoke.
An English term, believed to have created by Anglo-Saxons who could not pronounce Hispania.
Hispanic: Use of the term "Latin"
Europe/correct: people who come from a country that speaks a Latin language. Geographical location.
USA/incorrect: refers to anyone who speaks Spanish. Misapplied to people from various countries.
Hispanic: Use of the term "Hispanic"
Europe/correct: people who come from Spain. Refers to Spain's culture and the culture of Latin-speaking people.
USA/incorrect: used to label a "race". Misapplied as there is not "Hispanic" appearance.
- Used in the 1960's
- Brown Power movement
- May signify people of lower economic status
Hispanic: La Raza
- Means "the people"
- Is mistranslated to mean "the race"
- Intended to reflect a mixture of cultures
- Been used to refer to anyone who speaks Spanish
- Should only be used to refer to a language or people from Spain
- Insulting term
- Used to label undocumented Mexicans who crossed the border
Hispanic: Preferred terms
- (Country of origin)
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Seating
Seated at the same level. Very tiring on the arms, use arm wrest. Talk about before.
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Contrast
Usually up to consumer. Bring extra clothes. Talk about before.
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Lighting
Don't sit where light is behind you. If you can get extra light, get it. Talk about before.
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Distance
Consumer may need you to be real close to them. Talk about before.
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Time
You'll need additional processing and production time. You may need to change how you interpret.
6 Adaptations for Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Space & Pace
Signing space may be larger but usually smaller. Reduce space, so not so over whelming and sometimes consumer needs clarification.
Deaf/Blind: Visual frame (box signing)
Signs are made within a more confined space or "box," the size of which is individual to the client; interpreters' distance from client also depends upon the client's individual preference. Using this technique allows a client with a limited visual field to see the signs and the interpreter's facial expressions and mouth movements simultaneously.
Deaf/Blind: Close vision
Same as above, but with interpreter directly in front of client, within very close proximity. This is used when the client(s) have reduced visual acuity, as well as a peripheral field loss.
Client holds wrist(s) of interpreter to keep signs within the client's field of vision and to gain information from interpreter's movements. This technique is meant to reduce the client's visual fatigue by helping them to keep track of where the interpreter's hands are in space.
Deaf/Blind: Tactile signing
In this technique the client places her/his hands over the hands of the interpreter, in order to read signs through touch and movement. Tactile signing can be taxing for interpreters, and may require more frequent interpreter switches or breaks. The interpreter should supply both auditory and visual information to the client. It is important to determine a seating arrangement that is comfortable to both the client and the interpreter. Tactile signing is used by client's who have very limited vision and by those who are blind.
Deaf/Blind: Tactile finger
Spelling (DeafBlind Alphabet) The two-hand manual alphabet (i.e. the one used in British Sign Language) is adapted to fingerspell letters onto the palm of the client's hand. Most DeafBlind people in the United States use the standard ASL alphabet, however, interpreters may encounter clients who know and prefer the DeafBlind alphabet.
Deaf/Blind: Short-cut Signs
Key signs that can be signed onto palm of client's hand are used as a supplement to tactile finger spelling; generally used in English word order.
American Association of the Deaf-Blind
- Of, by, and for deaf-blind Americans.
- A nonprofit national consumer organization of, by, and for deaf-blind Americans and their supporters. Our mission is to ensure that all deaf-blind persons achieve their maximum potential through increased independence, productivity, and integration into the community.
National Deaf Blind Equipment Distribution Program
- NDBEDP provides FREE communications technology to low-income individuals who are deaf-blind, providing the keys to staying connected in today's world. The NDBEDP helps people with combined vision and hearing loss acquire the specialized devices they need to make phone calls, send email or access the Internet.
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness
- Is a national technical assistance and dissemination center for children and youth who are deaf-blind. Their goal is to increase the capacity of state and local early intervention and education agencies to improve policies and practices for children and youth who are deaf-blind; promote the use of evidence-based practices; and increase the capacity of families to develop relationships with fellow families, service providers, and others, and expand their knowledge of deaf-blindness and skills in self-advocacy and self-empowerment.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
- TSBVI serves as a special public school for students who have a visual impairment. Students, ages 6 through 21, who are blind, deafblind, or visually impaired, including those with additional disabilities, are eligible for consideration for services on the TSBVI campus. It is also a statewide resource to parents of these children and the professionals who serve them, from birth through transition from school.
Deaf-Blind Service Center
- The place for education and support. Communication support.
Support Service Providers
- Are specially trained professionals who enable people who have combined vision and hearing losses to access their environments and make informed decisions. SSPs provide them with visual and environmental information, sighted guide services, and communication accessibility.
The Lighthouse of Houston
- Established in 1939, LH is a private, nonprofit education and service center dedicated to assisting blind and visually impaired people to live independently. The primary goal of the Lighthouse of Houston is direct service to the individual. This includes not only providing direct service, but a continual commitment to improving the quality and relevance of this service. The Lighthouse of Houston offers a wide variety of educational programs, community services and outpatient rehabilitation for the blind and visually impaired.
Interpreters adhere to standards of confidential communication.
Interpreters possess the professional skills and knowledge required for the specific interpreting situation.
Interpreters conduct themselves in a manner appropriate to the specific interpreting situation.
4.0 Respect for consumers
Interpreters demonstrate respect for consumers.
5.0 Respect for colleagues
Interpreters demonstrate respect for colleagues, interns and students of the profession.
6.0 Business practices
Interpreters maintain ethical business practices.
7.0 Professional development
Interpreters engage in professional development.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Deafness and Hearing Loss
Famous Deaf People
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