5th Grade Social Studies Unit 4

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Terms in this set (...)

Articles of Confederation
An agreement between the thirteen colonies to form a single government under the United States of America. It served as the country's first constitution.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution that guaranteed the rights of the individual.
Boycott
to join with others in refusing to deal with a person, organization, or country.
Colony
An area of land that is under the control of a country, but not fully part of the country.
Confederation
The group of thirteen states that united together.
Constitution
A set of documents and laws that define the government of a country.
Continental Congress
A group of delegates from each colony or state. It became the first governing body of the United States of America. Continental army - The official army of the United States that was established by the Continental Congress.
Declaration of Independence
A document which announced that the American colonies now considered themselves independent states and they would no longer answer to the authority of Great Britain.
Democracy
A type of government that is ruled directly by the people.
Federalist
A person who supported the adoption of the Constitution.
Grievance
a cause of distress giving reason for complaint.
Independence
freedom from outside control or support.
Legislature
A branch of government that has the power to make laws.
Loyalist
A person in America who stayed loyal to Britain and the king.
Mercenaries
a soldier hired by a foreign country to fight in its army.
Militia
Citizens who were prepared to fight. They held drills a few times a year and had their own weapons and gear.
Minutemen
Part of the Massachusetts militia that was prepared to fight at a moment's notice.
Monarchy
A government where the power and laws are made by a single person called a monarch or king.
Patriot
An American that wanted independence from Britain.
Redcoat
A nickname for the British soldiers taken from their bright red uniforms. They were also called lobster backs.
Regulars
A name that referred to British soldiers during the Revolutionary War.
Republic
A type of democratic government where people elect officials to represent them.
Revolution
The overthrow of a government to establish a new system (political revolution).
Sons of Liberty
A group of patriots organized by Samuel Adams to protest the Stamp Act and other actions of the British government.
Stamp Act
A tax placed on the American colonies by the British government. It taxed all sorts of paper documents including newspapers, magazines, and legal documents.
Taxation
to require to pay a tax
Tory
Another name for loyalists who supported the British government.
Treaty of Paris
A treaty signed by both the United States and Britain that ended the Revolutionary War.
Whigs
Another name for the patriots who fought against the British government for independence.

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