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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Plant proteins do not match our needs for essential amino acids and therefore are called _______________ proteins.
  2. Wilma is an alcoholic. Her liver has been damaged to such a degree that it cannot produce the appropriate blood proteins for fluid balance. She develops a condition called edema, which is
    A) cardiovascular disease.
    B) extreme thirst.
    C) loss of muscle mass.
    D) the build up of fluids in extracellular spaces.
  3. A hereditary condition caused by an incorrect amino acid in the amino acid sequence of a protein chain is
    A) kwashiorkor.
    B) edema.
    C) marasmus.
    D) sickle cell anemia.
  4. All of the following are essential amino acids except
    A) lysine.
    B) methionine.
    C) threonine.
    D) alanine.
  5. What enzyme is released by the stomach to digest protein?
    A) Trypsin
    B) Lipoprotein lipase
    C) Pepsin
    D) Amylase
  1. a D - alanine
  2. b D - the build up of fluids in extracellular spaces
  3. c incomplete
  4. d C - pepsin
  5. e D - sickle cell anemia

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. C - it provides 7 kcal/g of energy
  2. A
  3. B
  4. D - those with kidney disease
  5. C - milk

5 True/False questions

  1. Johnny is 10 years old. He has had minimal protein intake for the last two years. He has just recently had surgery. What are the likely results of his deficient protein intake?
    A) His surgical wound will heal quickly and effectively, but he won't grow effectively.
    B) His surgical wound will heal effectively and he will grow normally because he can live off fat stores.
    C) The size of his vital organs, including his heart, liver, and muscles, will decrease.
    D) His surgical wound will not heal quickly and effectively, but he will grow effectively.
    D - 0.8


  2. Approximately how many different amino acids are used in the synthesis of body proteins?
    A) 9
    B) 29
    C) 5
    D) 20
    D - 20


  3. Treating a protein with acid, heat, or agitation will cause _______________, meaning that the three-dimensional structure of the protein has been altered (it unfolds).Denaturation


  4. _______________ is an important protein that acts as a hormone. It is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas.insulin


  5. Proteins regulate the acid-base balance of the blood by
    A) releasing an acid.
    B) binding sodium ions.
    C) releasing nitrogen.
    D) acting as buffers
    D - acting as buffers


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