28 terms

Chapter 7

The name for minimum energy expended to keep a resting, awake body alive is _______________.
Basal metabolism
The energy expended to digest, absorb, and further process nutrients in food is called the ___________ effect of food
The expenditure of energy to produce heat in response to a cold environment and as a result of overfeeding is called _______________.
adaptive thermogenesis
A body fat level of _______________ percent or greater for men warrants a diagnosis of obesity.
A body fat level of _______________ percent or greater for women warrants a diagnosis of obesity
Upper body obesity is called _______________ obesity
Underweight is defined as a body mass index below _______________
Carol eats 800 kcalories a day to lose weight. She is 40 years old. Carol has been walking briskly 60 minutes daily for the past 2 months. In her younger days she lifted weights, but she has lost considerable lean body mass over the years because of inactivity. Recently, Carol was diagnosed with hypothyroidism, which lowers metabolism. Which of the following factors increases Carol's energy output and promotes weight loss?
A) Her 800-kcalorie diet
B) Her age
C) Her loss of lean body mass
D) Her walking routine
All of the following contribute to total energy expenditure except
A) basal metabolic rate.
B) thermic effect of food.
C) energy content of food.
D) adaptive thermogenesis.
The method for determining energy expenditure that involves the measurement of heat given off by the body during a select period of time in an insulated chamber is
A) direct calorimetry.
B) indirect calorimetry.
C) thermocalorimetry.
D) bomb calorimetry.
The MyPyramid calorie guideline for a 19- to 30-year-old active woman is
A) 1600.
B) 2000.
C) 2400.
D) 2800.
Body weight in kilograms divided by height squared in meters yields
A) the obesity index.
B) the body mass index.
C) relative weight.
D) percent body fat.
Which of the following is not a way to estimate body fat?
A) Body mass index
B) Bioelectrical impedance
C) Skinfolds
D) Underwater weighing
Which of the following testing methods is considered the most accurate way of measuring percent body fat?
A) Underwater weighing
B) Skinfolds
C) Infrared light
D) Bioelectrical impedance
Android obesity is associated with a higher incidence of all the following except
A) heart disease.
B) diabetes mellitus.
C) hypertension.
D) cancer.
Orlistat (Xenical) is a medication approved by the FDA for weight loss that reduces fat
A) storage by inhibiting lipase activity in fat cells.
B) digestion by inhibiting lipase enzyme action in the small intestine.
C) absorption by decreasing bile secretion.
D) circulation by inhibiting lipoprotein production.
Which of the following is not a major goal for weight control programs?
A) 5 pound weight loss per week
B) Loss of stored fat
C) Sparing lean body mass
D) Reaching a healthy weight
Mary Sue wishes to lose 5 pounds before her vacation in approximately 5 weeks. Her average consumption is 2,100 kcalories. How many kcalories should she consume daily to lose this weight, assuming her activity pattern remains unchanged?
A) 1,800 to 1,900
B) 1,600 to 1,700
C) 1,400 to 1,500
D) 1,100 to 1,200
What would be the approximate weight gain, in pounds, of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month?
A) 4
B) 6
C) 3
D) 2
Currently, the most common and effective surgical procedure for morbid obesity is
A) intestinal bypass.
B) gastric bypass.
C) gastric balloons.
D) gastrectomy.
When individuals lose weight quickly, most of the weight lost is from
A) fat, water, and glycogen.
B) water, muscle tissue, and protein stores.
C) water, glycogen, and muscle tissue.
D) fat, water, and muscle tissue.
Metabolism that characteristically conserves more energy than normal so that it increases the risk of weight gain and obesity
Thrifty metabolism
Body weight minus fat storage weight
lean body mass
Breaking the link between two or more behaviors that encourage overeating, such as snacking while watching television
chain breaking
A method of measuring a body's energy use by measuring its oxygen uptake and then using formulas to convert that gas exchange into energy use
indirect calorimetry
Altering the environment to minimize the stimuli for eating-for example, removing foods from sight
stimulus control
A condition characterized by a body mass index of 30 or more
A method of determining a body's energy use by measuring heat that emanates from the body
direct calorimetry