Honors Church History Unit 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
a person who argues in defense or justification of something, such as a doctrine, policy, or institution. a defender of the faith.
One of a group made up especially of the 12 disciples chosen by Jesus to preach the gospel
A missionary of the early Christian Church
Comes from greek meaning one who is sent.
The unbroken chain of consecrations by laying on the hands from the Apostles of Jesus Christ to the bishops, and from bishop to bishop through the ages.
A high-ranking Christian cleric, in modern churches usually in charge of a diocese and insome churches regarded as having rejected the highest ordination in unbroken succession from the apostles.
An ecclestial law or code of laws established by a church council.
Relating to or professing Christianity or its teachings
A person who has received Christian baptism or is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings
Greek word for anointed one
College of Bishops
The assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the Church. The pope is the bishop of Rome and is therefore part of the College of Bishops.
A personal, solemn promise of faithful love that involves mutual commitments and creates a sacred relatisonship.
A cleric ranking just below a preist in the Angilican, Eastern Orthodox, and Roman Catholic Churches
A special gift or grace of the Holy Spirit given to an individual Christian or commuity, commonly for the benefit and building up of the entire Chruch.
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scriptures and Sacred Tradition. It has been passed on from the time of the Apostles. The Magesterium takes from it all that it teaches as revealed truth. (Good Answer for Key Concept #7)
The male ruler of an empire who is a dictator and considered themselves gods.
The Chrisitian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.
A prominent heretical movement of the 2nd-century Chrisitam Chruch, partly of pre-Chrisitam origin. Believed everything physical and literal and therefore believed that Jesus' body was divine contradicting what the disciples had experienced with Jesus.
Istruction of the resurrected Jesus Christ to his disciples to spread his teachings to all nations of the world.
The chruchs living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope, the bishop of Rome.
Witness to the saving message of Christ through the sacrifice of one's life. In Greek martyr means life.
Hebrew word for "annointed one". The equivalent Greek term is christos. Jesus is the Christ and the Messiah because he is the Annointed
The covenant or law establoshed by God in Jesus Christ to fulfill and perfect the Old Covenant, or Mosaic Law. It is a perfection here on earth of the Divine Law.
The act or practice of persecutiing on the basis of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs that differ from those of the persecutor. Cruelty towards Christians
A synonym to "elder" in the Acts of the Apostles and an alternative word for priest today.
Providence of God
God's loving care throughout salvation hsitory and in each individual life, bringing what is needed into every situation and even bringing good into evil.
From the Latin redemptio, meaning "a buying back", referring, in the Old Testament, to Yahweh's deliverance of Irael and, in the New Testament, to Christs deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin.
From the Latin tradere, meaning "to hand on." Refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message. It began with the oral communication of the Gospel of the Apostles, was written down in Sacred Scripture, and is interpretted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
St. Peter is Simon the son of John who was a fishermen. Born in Galilei was illiterate. The leader of the apostles, he journeyed the globe sharing the message of Jesus. Peter truly understood who Jesus was as he proclaimed to him that he was the son of God. Peter was given the keys to the kingdom of heaven and is the rock of the church. Was the first priest. Persuasive at Council of Jerusalem as he had a vision saying it was fine to eat the food of gentiles. Was martyred.
Paul, whose name was Saul, was born in Tarsus lived in Jerusalem and was a well educated man. Saul saw Christian community as unfollowing of the Jewish Law and therefore made his goal the persecution of christians. When Jesus blinded him on his way to Damscus (and later gave him back his sight when he was baptized) with his light and asked him why he was persecuting Jesus, Paul, after a time of contemplation, converted to Christianity. Paul then taught all on his missionary journey to submit to the lordship of a new king, Jesus Christ.
The first martyr and one of the first of seven deacons of the church who died for his beliefs.
A Pharisee who taught Paul when he was younger. Persuaded the Sanhedrin to not persecute the Apostles and other Christians for their beliefs and instead leave them alone. He reasoned that if the group was not an institution of God, it would disperse and weaken. If it was, it would not be possible to stop its growth and spread.
Emperor of Rome who historians believe to start the Great Fire of Rome, but blamed it on the Christians, persecuting them in violent ways for public recreation. This made some of the people of Rome gain sympathy for the Christians.
St. Ignatius of Antioch
A Bishop of Antioch who was executed in the Coliseum and wrote seven letters to the Christian communities in Asia Minor and Greece as he was on his way to be martyred in Rome. Was very steadfast not his faith.
St. Justin Martyr
A Gentile executed in the Colosseum who wrote seven chronicles on his life. He studied many ancient philosophers. One of the first well known apologists.
A Christian priest who traveled to Caul to serve at the Church in Lyons who worked to defeat the heresy of Gnosticism. Was also an apologist.
A disciple of St. Paul who became a prebyster (bishop) through the laying of hands by Paul. St. Paul sent him letters encouraging him and guiding him on how to lead in the Church.
Jesus' return from the dead three days after His Crucifixion.
Jesus rising into heaven, body and soul, forty days after his Resurrection.
The day when Jesus sent the Holy Spirit upon His Apostles ten days after his ascension. Considered the birthday of the Church since many were baptized that day.
Council of Jerusalem
A meeting of the leaders of the church and the apostles to debate whether Gentiles should have to follow the Jewish Law in order to be a member of the Catholic Church. It was a discussion of how to welcome Gentiles into the Church. Verdict was that Gentiles did not have to follow Jewish Law but to follow core beliefs of Law of Moses.
The capital city of Judea and home of the Temple of Solomon which was destroyed by the Babylonians. Many Christians martyred in the Coliseum.
Capital city of the Roman Empire which was believed to be destroyed by the emperor Nero and blamed on the Christians.
Home of the earliest Christian communities where the word Christian was first coined.
What were the primary reasons for the Council of Jerusalem?
-To debate whether or not the Gentiles should be welcome in the Church.
-To debate whether the Gentiles should be required to follow the Jewish Law.
How did the outcome of the Council of Jerusalem positively impact early Christian history?
It allowed the community of believers to grow and spread while still adhering to basic regulations of the Law of Moses.
Explain to what "Paschal Mystery" refers?
Jesus' Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
Describe how the conversion of St. Paul impacted early Christian history.
-brought the end of the persecution of Christians by Saul
-allowed Paul to make journeys through Greece and Asia Minor and establish communities of Christian believers.
-allowed the gentiles to heard the Goo News of Paul
Compare and contrast St. Peter and Paul
-Leader of the apostles
-First Pope and Bishop ofRome
-Martyred in Rome
-Wrote letters to early Christian communities
-Martyred in Rome
Describe the Formation of the New Testament. What criteria was used to determine if a text was included in the New Testament Canon?
-The life and oral teachings of Jesus
-The oral tradition handed down by the Apostles
-The written books through the divine inspiration of the Holy Spirit
Criteria: (end of Article 6)
Describe the relationship among Scripture, Sacred tradition, the Magisterium, and the Deposit of Faith.
Sacred S and T are determined by the Mag. And together form the Deposit of Faith
From the Roman perspective, explain why Christianity was illegal.
Christianity was illegal because it di not promote the worship of the Roman gods. If people did not worship the gods the gods would be angry at them and would cause problems in Rome.
Describe the process of the break of Christianity from Judaism.
-Christians no longer followed certain Christian practices
-the Jews were skeptical of Jesus' human and divine nature
How did the Church grow and thrive despite persecutions in the Roman Empire?
-Roman roads and regular sea trading helped to spread Christianity
-Persecutions and martyring inspired others to learn about Christian faith
-Wanted more than worshipping of emperor.
-Persecutions caused people to flea-spread