Upgrade to remove ads
Cumulative Test II
Terms in this set (61)
What did William the Conqueror commission
Why did William the Conqueror commission the White Tower
to symbolize his Norman authority and power over the Anglo-Saxon population
what ceased to be the language of written record
what replaced the language that had ceased to be the language of written record
Latin and French
what did Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine usher
culture of chivalry and courtly love
what flourished after Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine ushered in a culture of chivalry and courtly love
poetry and music
what did poetry and music not penetrate
the lower class/ English people
what were English-speaking peasants called
what was ox or cow in French when it was eaten
what was sheep when it was eaten
what was calf when it was eaten
what was deer when it was eaten
what was pig when it was eaten
what impact of French is unmatched by any other language
how was the English language continually simplified
losing more and more case endings
who increased lexicons
what was becoming more and more fixed
what was relied upon for understanding
why were prepositions relied upon
because of Danish influence
what were Church services conducted in
why didn't French engulf English and become the official language of England
French speakers were cut off from their cultural and linguistics roots when Normandy connection was lost across the Channel
French-speaking men married Old-English speaking women or hire them as nurses for their children-> creating generation of bilingual children
how were French and English words used so they didn't replace each other
side-by-side being almost synonyms
English "ask"->French ____
English "room"-> French ___
English "wish"-> French ___
English "answer"-> French ___
who was the first person to use the English language to rally the people against King Philip of France
who threatened to attack England
King Phillip of France
when could Latin no longer be spoken by anyone and understood by few and written by even fewer
what did the black rat bring and when
black death 1348
how much of the population died
between 1/4 and 1/3
how were the cloistered monasteries hit with the black death and who was killed
who were the Latin-speaking clergy replaced with
barely-literate laymen who only spoke English
what did the shortage of workers allow
laboring class to demand better conditions and higher wages
what happened by 1362
english became an official language of courts and of kings
who was the English speaking king
Henry, Duke of Lancaster
what did Geoffrey Chaucur write
who wrote the Canterbury Tails
what were the Canterbury Tails about
piece of literature that combines French and English words to suit the style and voice of Gorso's characters within
what dialect became the standard of Middle English
English found in London
Studying the way languages change when they come into contact with other languages
Borrowing words-> absorbing words
borrowing some syntactical features and more morphological features such as Prefixes, Grammar, and Old Norse affecting English grammar
replace all the words of a language with another language's words but keeps its grammar (syntax)
go to Russia, try to communicate with Russians
learn a couple words
they learn a couple words
happens on a regular basis
the word maker
A language comes out between two groups where the two aren't trying to conquer each other and language comes out of the two
what is an example of a mixed language
Mesch-> French and Cree
know a few words in another language so use some of yours and others but not regularly
whats an example of code switching
What is a language family?
category for a type of language that evolved from another language such as Romance family
According to the most popular hypothesis, when was Proto-Indo-European spoken?
around six thousand years ago in the Ukraine or around eight thousand years ago in Anatolia.
Why do linguists believe that all twelve language families evolved from a single earlier language?
believe that all twelve language families evolved from a single earlier language because certain roots are similar and have the same meaning
what are examples of roots that are similar in all 12 language families
"Tik" and "Pal"
How do linguists demonstrate that certain languages are related or part of the same language family?
certain languages relate due to the evolution of human beings
bones and basic structure of humans are the same now as they were one hundred thousand years ago
Somehow rapidly, the human population evolved into what humans are today
What is the linguistic explanation for the disappearance of the Neanderthals and the emergence of the modern human as the superior species?
Language changed, and the Neanderthals evolved. Humans created art, tools evolved from just stones to bones, shells, and ivory, and burials were improved. They also migrated to all different parts of the world, taking over places where the Neanderthals were.
expanded pidgin that is brought up by a new generation
involved pidgin with a stronger, broader vocabulary
Why was there an explosion of pidgin and creole languages between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries?
Countries were conquering other countries, creating masters and slaves. In order to communicate with one another, pidgins and creoles were created between the masters and slaves and between slaves and other slaves.
How did slave-owners and slave-traders use language to control their slaves?
Slave-traders kept slaves that spoke in the same tongue apart on the boat in order to prevent resistance. While working on different plantations, often the slaves spoke different languages, so communication had to be through pidgins.
Why did Gullah develop and persist when other Plantation Creoles disappeared?
Gullah developed and persisted because the places it is still written down are near each other and on the coast. Other geographic features prohibited the spread of a different language and caused the creation of Gullah.
Sets with similar terms
AP Human Geography Ch 5 Key Issue 4
AP Human Geography Ch 5 Key Issue 4
Etymology Notes and Linguistics
APHG (Chapter 5)
Other sets by this creator
SPAA 418 Final Extra Information
SPAA 260 Final
SPAA 343 Exam 3
SPAA 343: Intro to Audiology Unit 2 Exam…
Other Quizlet sets
Lecture Exam 2: The Peripheral Nervous System
Honors Chemistry - Ch. 6 & 7 - Some Chemical Famil…
Comparative Religions Test 1
Ranch Horse Contest Guide Study Questions