Endocrine, Respiratory, and Digestive anatomy
Gross anatomy of endocrine, respiratory, and digestive systems.
Terms in this set (68)
Carina of the trachea
Pulmonary arteries and veins
Incisors, canines, premolars, molars
The stomach is a muscular organ located on the left side of the upper abdomen.
the valve between the distal end of the esophagus and the stomach; the physiological sphincter at the esophagogastric junction
The opening from the stomach into the duodenum (small intestine)
The part of a hollow organ (such as the uterus or the gallbladder) that is farthest from the opening
the sphincter muscle of the pylorus that separates the stomach from the duodenum
Greater & lesser curvature
Rugae is a term used in anatomy that refers to a series of ridges produced by folding of the wall of an organ. Most commonly the term is applied to the internal surface of the stomach (gastric rugae)
part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and to the colon and covering the intestines
a part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and liver and supporting the hepatic vessels
The Sphincter of Oddi is a muscular valve that controls the flow of digestive juices (bile and pancreatic juice) through the ampulla of Vater into the second part of the duodenum. It is named after Ruggero Oddi
The part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively
The first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach, leading to the jejunum
the section of the small intestine that comprises the first two fifths beyond the duodenum and that is larger, thicker-walled, and more vascular and has more circular folds than the ileum
The final and longest segment of the small intestine. It is specifically responsible for the absorption of vitamin B12 and the reabsorption of conjugated bile salts. The ileum is about 4 metres (13 feet)
the numerous permanent crescentic folds of mucous membrane found in the small intestine especially in the lower part of the duodenum and the jejunum—called also valvulae conniventes
valve between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum of the large intestine; prevents material from flowing back from the large to the small intestine
The cecum, colon, and rectum collectively
A pouch connected to the junction of the small and large intestines
A tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals
The first main part of the large intestine, which passes upward from the cecum on the right side of the abdomen
The S-shaped last part of the large intestine, leading into the rectum
Right colic flexure
Hepatic (or the right colic) flexure is the sharp bend between the ascending and the transverse colon. The right colic flexure is adjacent to the liver, and is therefore also known as the hepatic flexure. .
Left colic flexure
The splenic (or left colic) flexure is a sharp bend between the transverse and the descending colon in the left upper quadrant of humans. The left colic flexure is near the spleen, and hence called the splenic flexur
The taenia coli (also teniae coli) are three separate longitudinal ribbons of smooth muscle on the outside of the ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colons. They are visible, and can be seen just below the serosa or fibrosa. They are the Mesocolic, Free and Omental Coli
Haustrum is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates, involved in many metabolic processes
Left lobe of liver
Right lobe of liver
a ligament that attaches part of the liver to the diaphragm and the abdominal wall
gallbladder: a muscular sac attached to the liver that stores bile (secreted by the liver) until it is needed for digestio
The cystic duct is the short duct that joins the gall bladder to the common bile duct. It usually lies next to the cystic artery. It is of variable length. It contains a 'spiral valve', which does not provide much resistance to the flow of bile
Common hepatic duct
The common hepatic duct is the duct formed by the convergence of the right hepatic duct (which drains bile from the right functional lobe of the liver) and the left hepatic duct (which drains bile from the left functional lobe of the liver).
Common bile duct
a duct formed by the hepatic and cystic ducts; opens into the duodenum
Hepatic portal vein
The pancreas is about 6 inches long and sits across the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach.
a duct connecting the pancreas with the intestine
Accessory pancreatic duct
Most people have just one pancreatic duct. However, some have an additional accessory pancreatic duct also called the Duct of Santorini, which connects straight to the duodenum at the minor duodenal papilla. Both these ducts connect to the second part (the vertical one) of the duodenum
Aka ampulla of vater