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50 terms

psych test 5/5

STUDY
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Ongoing patterns of behavior that interfere with normal day to day life are best characterized as...
dysfunctional
ADHD is most clearly characterized by...
distractibility
The greatest shortcoming associated with explanations of psychological disorders in terms of demon possession is that these explanations?
led to some harsh and ineffective remedial treatments
The conception of psychological disorders as biologically based sickness is known as the
The Biopsychosocial Approach
the biopsychosocial approach to substance abuse would be most likely to emphasize
the similarities between substance abuse disorders and personality disorders
A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV-TR in order to ________ various psychological disorders.
Identify
Anxiety is considered disordered if it is
Persistent and distressing
A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal
Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, or heart palpitations are most characteristic of a(n)
panic disorder
An incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of?
social phobia
Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. The
thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her, so she has her groceries delivered.
Because of her fear, she earns her living as a freelance writer, working at home. Sadie's behavior is most
characteristic of
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
obsessive-compulsive disorder
The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistants carry out elaborate hand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he would later touch. His behavior best illustrates the symptoms of?
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Two years after being brutally beaten and raped, Brianna still experiences jumpy anxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. Brianna is mots clearly showing sings of
post traumatic stress disorder
Hypochondriasis is characterized by
the misinterpretation of normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes are called
mood disorders.
a major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by
feelings of personal worthlessness.
A disorder in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as
mania
Which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger towards parents?
psychoanalytic
abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin are associated with
depression
which group of severe disorders is characterized by disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions?
schizophrenia
Seeing one-eyed monsters would be a(n) ________. Believing that you are Christopher Columbus would be a ________.
hallucination, delusion
schizophrenia is assocciated with an excess of receptors for
dopamine
personality disorders are best described as
inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
those with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with
their own self-importance.
A lack of conscience is most characteristic of those who have a(n) ________ disorder.
antisocial personality
Which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy?
systematic desensitization
Mental health therapies that involve prescribed drugs or other procedures that act directly on a patients nervous systems are
biomedical therapies
A therapist who takes an eclectic approach is one who
Uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic approaches
Mr. Choi's therapist wants to help him become aware of his conflicting childhood feelings of love and
hate for his parents. The therapist's goal best reflects a primary aim of:
psychoanalysis
Psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses.
A central therapeutic technique of psychoanalysis is
free association
An important component of psychoanalysis is
dream analysis
carl rogers i known for the development of
client centered therapy
When Murli told his therapist, "I came to see what you could do for me," the therapist responded, "It
sounds like you're feeling you need some help. Am I right?" The therapist's response illustrates the
technique of:
active listening
Carl Rogers referred to a caring, nonjudgmental attitude as
unconditional positive regard.
two counterconditioning techniques for replacing unwanted responses include
aversive conditioning and exposure therapy
systematic desensitization is a form of
counterconditioning; behavior therapy
in treating alcohol depedency, therapists have clients consume alcohol that contains a nausea producing drug. this technique is known as
aversive conditioning
To encourage Mrs. Coleman, a withdrawn schizophrenia patient, to be more socially active, institutional staff members give her small plastic cards whenever she talks to someone. She is allowed to exchange these cards for candy and cigarettes. Staff members are making use of:
a token economy
cognitive therapists are most likely to emphasize that emotional disturbances result from
self-blaming and overgeneralized explanations of bad events.
persuading depressed patients to reverse their catastrophizing beliefs about themselves and their futures is most characteristic of
Beck's cognitive therapy
group therapy is typically more effective than individual therapy for
enabling people to discover that others have problems similar to their own.
three benefits attributed to all psycotherapies are
hope, new perspective, and a caring relationship
Dr. Miller prescribes drugs for the treatment of chronic depression and she encourages rest and relaxation
training for clients suffering from excessive anxiety. It is most likely that Dr. Miller is a:
psychiatrist
Which form of therapy has most directly contributed to the sharp reduction in the number of residents in
U.S. mental hospitals?
drug therapy
Melissa suffers from auditory hallucinations and falsely believes that her former high school teachers are
trying to kill her. Melissa's symptoms are most likely to be relieved by ________ drugs.
Antipsycotic
Xanax would most likely be prescribed in order to help
Jerome overcome feelings of nervous apprehension and an inability to relax.
Prozac, zoloft, and paxil are called SSRIs because they
slow the normal reabsorption of excess serotonin from synapses.
electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of
depression