43 terms

CH 15

an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
method of psychotherapy that seeks to help clients gain insight by recognizing and understanding unconscious thoughts and emotions
Free association
whatever comes to mind
Dream Analysis
ego does not defend itself very well against the urges of the unconscious during sleep
Manifest control
immediate and conscious content of dreams
Latent control
the "true" meaning of the dream
Analyzing resistance
a stage in psychoanalysis when the patient avoids the analyst's attempts to bring threatening unconscious material into conscious awareness
Analyzing reference
a stage in psychoanalysis when the patient avoids the analyst's attempts to bring threatening unconscious material into conscious awareness
psychoanalyst's explanation of a patient's free associations, dreams, resistance...
psychodynamic theory
emphasizes internal conflicts, motives, and unconscious forces, several things are different. therapist is more direct, treatment is brief
Humanistic Therapy
assumes that people with problems are blocked in some way from reaching their full potential
The goal of Humanistic Therapy
maximize personal growth by adjusting the client's emotional reactions.
Carl Rogers and Client-Centered Therapy
allows the client to decide what to talk about, without direction, judgement, or intepretation from the therapist (4 aspects)
attempt to appreciate and understand
Unconditional positive regard
attitude that conveys a caring for, and acceptance of,
authenticity- being aware of one's true inner thoughts and feelings and being able to share them honestly with others
Active listening
empathetic listening in which the listener echoes
Behavior Therapy
treatments that use learning principles to change behavior
Exposure therapies
treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid
Systematic desensitization
clients visualize a graduated series of anxiety-provoking stimuli while remaining relaxed (3 steps) KNOW!
Virtual reality exposure therapy
progessively exposes people to stimulation of their greatest fears
Aversive Conditioning
associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior; used to make unwanted behaviors less attractive
Operant Conditioning
modify behavior by rewarding desired behaviors and withholding rewards or punishing unwanted behaviors
Token Economy
people can earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior
Cognitive Therapies
teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
Beck's Cognitive therapy
therapist helps clients to notice and change negative thoughts associated with anxiety and depression; caused by errors in logic, false beliefs, and thoughts that minimize personal achievement
Cognitive-behavior therapy
combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
Group Therapy
treatment of several unrelated clients under the guidance of a therapist
Family Therapy
treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behavior as influences by or directed at other family members;
Couples Therapy
focuses on improving communication between partners
Biomedical Therapy
prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
antipsychotics; drugs that relieve the symptoms disorders
Antianxiety drugs
minor tranquilizers that lower the activity of the central nervous system
drugs that relieve depression
act on multiple neurochemical pathways in the brain
blocks the enzyme that breaks down serotonin and other NTs
affect only serotonin levels
Atypical antidepressants
miscellaneous group of drugs and when people fail to respond to other types of antidepressants, or who experience side effects from them
Mood-Stabilizing Medications
used to stabilize the mood swings associated with bipolar disorder
Electroconvulsive therapy
brief electrical shock administered to the brain, usually to reduce depression that does not respond to drug treatments
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
weak electric currents are induced in the tissue by rapidly changing magnetic fields
surgical procedures that destroy tissue in small regions of the brain in an effort to treat psychological disorders