13 terms

Chapter 12

What is the term to describe failing health that results from a long-standing dietary intake that either fails to meet or greatly exceeds nutritional needs?
A) Undernutrition
B) Overnutrition
C) Emaciation
D) Malnutrition
The majority of hungry people live in
A) Africa.
B) Asia.
C) Latin America.
D) Europe.
Which of the following is true about chronic hunger in the world?
A) Chronic hunger is not found in developed countries.
B) Hunger, by definition, is when someone eats no food for a long period of time.
C) The primary cause of hunger is poverty.
D) Hunger is the psychological and physiological state that results when enough food is eaten to meet energy needs.
Impaired development or function that results from an inadequate intake, absorption, or utilization of the nutrients needed for optimal growth, development, and body function is best termed
A) malnutrition.
B) undernutrition.
C) malabsorption.
D) hunger.
All of the following are results of undernutrition except
A) reduction of activity.
B) blindness from xerophthalmia.
C) iron-deficiency anemia.
D) coronary heart disease.
The consequences of undernutrition are most critical during
A) adulthood.
B) elementary school years.
C) infancy.
D) elderly years.
A promising strategy to help other countries increase food resources is
A) to use "green revolution" technologies.
B) to establish large farms that grows cash crops.
C) to try to obtain more food from the oceans.
D) to cut down rain forests so there is more farmable land.
Elements influencing food/population ratio include all of the following except
A) high socioeconomic status.
B) war and political/civil unrest.
C) rapid depletion of natural resources.
Which of the following is not true about acquired immune deficiency syndrome worldwide?
A) The transmission pattern is different in developed versus developing countries.
B) Africa is the continent that has been hardest hit.
C) The United States is the country hardest hit.
D) Developing countries have the most infections.
Which of the following is the best approach to eradicating undernutrition in developing nations?
A) Have developed countries give direct food aid to underdeveloped countries
B) Improve the infrastructure of rural people
C) Establish large farms
D) Provide more jobs in urban centers
Which of the following is the best approach to preventing famine in developing nations?
A) Increase the productivity of rural people by teaching them farming methods so they can build agricultural surpluses to eat and sell.
B) Developed countries should send food and medicine.
C) Developing countries should grow cash crops.
D) Discourage having livestock.
Manipulating the DNA inside cells to improve production of materials or the material itself is called
A) social engineering.
B) translation.
C) transcription.
D) genetic engineering.
The single most effective health advantage for people wherever they live is
A) adequate kcalorie intake.
B) safe and convenient water supply.
C) well built shelter.
D) adequate water intake.