18 terms


a policy of extending a country's power and influence over another through diplomacy or military force. Example: Great Britain and the 13 American colonies
Patriotic feeling toward your country; a feeling of superiority over other countries.
The act of taking in another country as part of your own
Big Stick Diplomacy
Policy set by President Theodore Roosevelt in which he said using force is better than using words to settle disputes
Roosevelt Corollary
President Roosevelt's policy that said we would intervene in conflicts in South America. A form of alliances.
Panama Canal
Canal that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This canal made it faster to bring goods to California from the east coast, and also opened up trade to Asia.
Open Door Policy
Granted access to trade with China, but also made sure that the United States or other countries would not try and annex China.
Spanish-American War
War in which Americans supported Cubans who wanted independence from Spain
U.S.S. Maine
The explosion of this ship was exaggerated by Yellow Journalists and sparked US involvement in the Spanish-American War
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that is over-exaggerated or sensational; not based on facts but based on emotion to persuade its readers
Rough Riders
Organized by Theodore Roosevelt, this was the first American voluntary cavalry in the Spanish-American War
Monroe Doctrine
Statement that Europe can NOT colonize in South and Central America, if they did, it would be viewed as an act of aggression by the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
Organizer of the Rough Riders and progressive president who expanded the role of government in society by pushing for trust busting, national parks, ending political machines, and the establishment of social welfare programs.
U.S. Motivations for Imperialism
Economic interests like raw materials and new markets for trade, military needs like naval bases, and certain ideologies like nationalism, social darwinism, etc.
Reasons for anti-imperialism in U.S.
Expansion could lead to more wars, goes against "liberty for all" belief, America had domestic problems, racism
Roosevelt expanded military might
Sent the navy on "tour" to show off strength, expanded military, and offered support to Latin American countries fighting for indpendence from European nationas
New U.S. territories
Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines
Buffalo Soldiers
African-American unit of soldiers that fought in the Spanish-American War