59 terms

Bio 163; Final Exam, PART 2

STUDY
PLAY
third degree burn or full thickness burn
healing includes inflammation. Self healing and repair will not be successful. Medical attention and skin grafting must occur to repair the burn area
first degree burn or superficial burn
Sunburn
second degree burn or partial burn
healing includes inflammation, repairs to superficial layers of the skin along with repairs to the accessory structures of the skin.
third degree burn or full thickness burn
All regions of the skin are affected by the burn
first degree burn or superficial burn
healing includes inflammation and cells of basal strata undergoing mitosis
second degree burn or partial burn
A cooking burn
sarcoplasmic reticulum
structure of the muscle fiber that corresponds to ER and contains high concentrations of calcium
a. myofibril
b. sarcoplasm
c.sarcolemma
s. sarcoplasmic reticulum
false
the epiphysis are filled with compact bone to reduce the weight of the bone
smooth muscles
types of muscle tissue that consists of cells that are longated with tapered ends, lacks striations, and has a relatively underdeveloped sarcoplasmic reticulum
a. visceral muscles
b. skeletal muscles
c. smooth muscles
c. cardiac muscles
true
T or F; The articular ends of bones are covered with hyaline cartiledge
epiphyseal plate
area of the long bone where cartilage undergoes mitosis and separate the primary ossification center from the secondary ossifications centers
a. articular cartilage
b. epiphyseal plate
c. diaphyseal plate
d. medullary cavity
ball and socket joint
synovial joint that consists of a bone with a globular head articulating with a cup-shaped cavity of another bone
sebum
secretion that consists of fatty acids that helps lower the skins PH and cuts down on the microbrial growth
cartiliaginous joint
joints between the bodies of the vertabrae
perforating canal
transverse canal that connects the central canals of compact bone
strata corneum
skin strata that consists of dead cells containing keratin; and thus making the skin tough and waterproof
tendon
cordlike fascia that join the bone
perimysium
layer of connective tissue that surrounds individual fascicles within a whole muscle
recruitment
increased number of activated motor units within a muscle due to an increase of frequency of the same stimuli
spinosum
epidermal strata consisting of cells that newly divided
a. spinosum
b. lucidum
c. granulosum
d. basale
house receptors
characteristics of skin
a. movement
b. house receptors
c. production of marrow
d. production of blood cells
arrector pili muscle
bundle of muscle cells that are attached to each hair follicle and causes goose bumps when cold or frieghtened
a. semitendinosis
b. vastus longus
c. arrector pili muscle
d. occupitalis
neuromuscular junction
site where a motor neuron (nerve cell) and a muscle fiber communicate
a. motor end plate
b. synaptic plate
c.neuromuscular junction
d. synaptic vesicle
False
T or F; Oxygen deficiency may develop during strenuous activities and lactic acid accumulates as end product of aerobic respiration
all of the above
Skin colors results from which of the following
a. genetic factors
b. physiological factors
c. environmental factors
d. all of the above
skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue that is under voluntary control
a. smooth muscle
b. skeletal muscle
c. cardiac muscle
False
T or F. Synovial membranes are membranes that line passages that have openings to the outside
False
Melanin is a pigment that affects skin and hair color as well as aid in sytnhesizing vitamin D for calcium absorption
insertion
Which of the following is the moveable end of the muscle
a. insertion
b. antagonist
c. synergist
d. origin
none of the above
Purpose of hair includes
a. excrete wastes
b. protection
c. both a and b
d. none of the above
osteoblasts
bone building cells
True
T or F. Environmental factors include sunlight which can encourage the production of melanin and affect skin color
saddle joint
The joint that connects the metacarpal and carpal of the thumb.
primative connective tissue
intramembranous ossification is formed from which of the following models:
a. primative bony callus
b. primative hyaline cartiladge
c. primative connective tissue
d. primative cartilagenous callus
mineral storage
functions of the skeletal system include:
a. mineral storage
b. protection against pathogens
c.integration and communication within the body to maintain homeostasis
d.all of the above
intercalated disk
structure of the cardiac muscle that transport motor impulses from one muscle fiber to another muscle fiber
a. troponin
b. intercalated disk
c. multinucleate
c. striation
periosteum
fibrous connective tissue covering the bone
a. endosteum
b. periosteum
c. diaphysis
d. epiphysis
bones
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: support and protection
muscles
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: produce movement
bones
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: blood cell formation
muscle
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function:maintain posture
muscle
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: generate heat
bones
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: storage of inorganic salt
bones
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: storage of fats
muscle
indicate either muscle or bones for the following function: stabalize and reinforce joints
granulosum
epidermal strata of cells that are beginning to die and contain granules in their cytoplasm
a. basal
b. granulosum
c. spinosum
d. lucidum
compact bone
type of bone tissue that makes up most of the walls of the diaphysis
a. periosteum
b. spongy bone
c. cartilage
d. compact bone
threshold stimulus
the minimal intensity of a stimulus in order to promote a response (irratibility driven)
a. threshold stimulus
b. summation
c. all or none response
d. tetanic contraction
osteons
functional units of compact bone
a. osteocytes
b. osteoblasts
c. osteons
d. osteoclasts
dermis
region of skin made up of connective tissue, blood vessels, nerves, and contain hair follicles
a. dermis
b.epidermis
c. hypodermis
d. subcutaneous layer
sebum
sabaceous glands secrete which of the following
a. nitrogenous wastes
b. keratin
c. sweat
d. sebum
regulation of decreased body temperature
choose between regulation of elevated body temperature OR regulation of decreased body temperature: BLOOD VESSELS CONSTRICT
regulation of elevated body temperature
choose between regulation of elevated body temperature OR regulation of decreased body temperature: BLOOD VESSELS DILATE
regulation of decreased body temperature
choose between regulation of elevated body temperature OR regulation of decreased body temperature: ARRECTOR PILI MUSCLES AND MUSCLES IN GENERAL CONTRACT
regulation of decreased body temperature
choose between regulation of elevated body temperature OR regulation of decreased body temperature: SWEAT GLANDS DEACTIVATED
creatine phosphate and aerobic respiration
Source of ADP for muscle contraction
a. aerobic respiration and heat
b. creatine phospate and heat
c. creatine phosphate and aerobic respiration
lunula
Most actively growing region of the nail root
a. lunula
b. apocrine sweat gland
c. eecrine sweat gland
d. lacuna
epidermis
region of skin consisting of stratified squamous cells
a. subcutaneous layer
b. hypodermis
c. epidermis
d. dermis
short bone
classification of bones that include bones characterized by roughly equal length and width
a. short bone
b. irregular bone
c. flat bone
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...