67 terms

East Asia

Mr. Newharts 9th Period Class
STUDY
PLAY
East Asia
Countries include: China, Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan, North Korea, and South Korea
Kunlun Mountains
mountains located in the West of China that are the source of two of China's great rivers;the Huang He (Yellow) and the Chang
Qinling Shandi Mountains
mountains located in southeastern & east-central China; they divide the northern part of China from the southern part of China
Plateau of Tibet
a plateau in southwestern china- it occupies about one fourth of the whole country- is sparsely populated
Taklimakan Desert
desert located in western China between the Tian Shan & Kunlun Mountains
The Gobi
The largest desert in Asia and a natural barrier between China and Mongolia.
Macao Peninsula
Was owned by Portugal until 1999 when it returned to China's control.
Hong Kong
British colony on Chinese mainland; major commercial center; agreement reached between Britain and People's Republic of China returned colony to China in 1997.
Haung He
a 2900-mile-long river that flows across China; known as the Yellow River, it gets its name from the rich yellow soil it carries from Mongolia to the Pacific Ocean
Chang Jiang
(Yangtze River) the longest river in Asia, flowing about 3,400 miles from central China to the Yellow Sea (Long River)
Xi Jiang
also called the West River; the river that flows eastward through southeast China and joins the Pearl river (Zhu Jiang) to flow into South China Sea, forming an estuary between Hong kong and Macao
Zhu Jiang
Known as the Pearl River it is one of the most important rivers in the country. In its humid valley are produced about 50% of China's grain.
Yalu Jiang
About 500 miles; forms the natural border between China and North Korea
China's Resources
energy reserves of petroleum, coal, and natural gas
minerals: iron ore, tungsten, manganese, molybdenum, magnesite, lead, zinc, copper
Japan's Resources
Deposites of coal, reserves of lead, silver, and coal
North and South Korea
has coal reserves, important tungsten, gold, and silver reserves
China's Rivers
Provide crop irrigation, hydroelectric power, transportation, and food.
Typhoon
a tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the western Pacific
dynasty
a series of rulersfrom the same family
spheres of influence
when China was carved up and controlled by France, Britain,Germany, Russia, and Japan
Boxer rebellion
when China became angry about the spheres of influence and chinese mutilantsattacked and killed Europeans and Chinese Christians
Mao Zedong
he defeated the Nationalists and the communists took charge; he ruled China and many nationalists fled to Taiwan
Confucianism
created by confucius who believed in importance of order, education, and hierarchy
Taoism
created by Lao-tzy who believed in preserving harmony, government should leave people alone, and people should seek harmony with nature
Buddhism
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Shang dynasty
was the first chinese dynasty that ruled during 1700 b.c for 600 years until it was overthrown by the Zhou dynasty
the Qin (chinh) dynasty
the emporer (Shi Huangdi) built the great wall; last for 2,000 years
Han dynasty
they pushed the empire to central asia
Kuomintang
the nationalists party led by Sun Yat-sen
economic tiger
a nation that has rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports
Pacific Rim
the countries surrounding the pacific ocean
Genghis Khan (Temujin)
he united the Mongol clans and conquered much of Asia; leaving him and the mongols to create the largest unified land empire in history
Taiwan
they have always had a large group of people settle from China; especially when Mao kicked all of the Nationalists out of China
Naadan festival of the Three Games of Men
a mogolian festival with wrestling, archery, and horse racing. the competitors are highly skilled and earn titles
Mongolia
an economy with livestock and some nomadic life
Taiwan
trade abd manufacturing industries are key to it's economy
Genghis Khan
Also known as Temujin; he united the Mongol tribes into an unstoppable fighting force; created largest single land empire in history.
Ogadai
genghis khans son. greatly expanded terriotry, expansions stopped after his death.
Manchu Dynasty
17th century Chinese dynasty which greatly expanded China's control in Asia. Overthrown in 1911 by nationalists.
Taiwan's Population
Mainly chinese culture and people despite different country
Three Gorges Dam
A dam built across the Yangtze River that displaced over 1.5 million people during its construction. It is one of the largest dams in the world
Seoul
the capital and largest city of South Korea
Pyongyang
capital of North Korea and an industrial center
Three Kingdoms
Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla; Silla conquered the other two kingdoms but then a general Yi songgye became ruler who was then replaced by Japan. they were then defeated during World war II
Korean war
when north korea (controlled by communists) tried to invade south Korea (supported by the US); it ended with a treaty that separated them into two countries
Samurai
a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy- served the interests of the landowners and caln chiefs and as a bodyguard of warriors loyal to the leader of a clan
Shogun
a hereditary military dictator of Japan- was the general of the emperor's army
daimyo
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
Japan's Economy
mixed market - strong industries, electric manufacturing, import natural resources, and intensive agriculture is this countries economy
Japanese Sports
baseball, golf, sumo wrestling, soccer, and tennis
Japan's Education System
HIghly structured- students attend school six days a week-have shorter summers-competition is very high
Heian
Capital city of Japan under the Yamato emperors, later called Kyoto; built in order to escape influence of Buddhist monks; patterned after ancient imperial centers of China; never fully populated
Kyoto
a city in central Japan on southern Honshu
Yamato
a clan that ruled most of japan in the AD 500's. they said that they had a right to rule japan because they were descended by the sun goddess. the leader jimmu took the title "emperor of heaven"
Kamikaze
a pilot trained and willing to cause a suicidal crash, a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
Amaterasu
central deity of Shinto, Sun Goddess that rules over all things, produced by Izangi, all Japanese emperors claim to be decent from
Bushido
traditional code of the Japanese samurai which stressed courage and loyalty and self-discipline and simple living
Hari Kari
ritual suicide, Specific type of Seppuka where you split your stomach
Seppuka
Where a Samurai commits suicide if they brought dishonor or instead of turning themselves in.
Tokugawa Shogunate
Japanese ruling dynasty that strove to isolate it from foreign influences
Edo
the capital and largest city of Japan
Daimyo
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
Alternate Attendance Policy
This Policy said that every other year the Daimyo would come live in Tokyo, and when they left, they'd leave behind their families, as their families lived in Tokyo.
Matthew Perry
Commodore of the US Navy who opened up Japan with the Treaty of Kanagawa
Shinto
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
Kabuki
A popular type of Japanese drama combined with music and dance, it is the type of theatre in Japan(Played buy all male actors)
Kami Kaze
means the winds of the gods; made the Japanese believe they were protected by gods, currently , During the world war II, a japanese suicide pilot whose mission was to crash into his target
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