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88 terms

THAR 281 Test Review 3

STUDY
PLAY
Realistic plays often tackle subjects that are taboo, such as economic justice, gender double standards, and religious hypocrisy.
True
Realistic plays usually make simple moral judgements and resole the dramatic action neatly.
False
A group of smaller theatres that supported realism were collectively known as
Theatre libres; independent
One of Anton Chekhov's most famous works, The Sea Gull, was a dismal failure in its first public performance in Russia.
True
Naturalist plays often focus on the sordid and seamy part of life.
True
Realistic plays have been the dominant style of theatre in the twentieth century.
True
Which type of theatre believed environment controls us?
Naturalism
Realistic plays were immediately accepted by audiences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
False
Edward Gordon Craig's _______ set greatly influenced leading twentieth-century American designers.
Unit
Initially, realistic plays were constantly plagued by censorship.
True
Realistic plays clearly differentiate between good and evil
False
Chekhov developed "tragicomedy", that characterizes much of modern drama.
True
The power _____ lies in the credibility and sense of identification it creates.
Realism
Surrealism created surprising relationships between _______ objects.
Familiar
Alienation of the audience is a feature of
Epic
Although expressionism as a pure form of theatre did not last long, important playwrights like Eugene O Neill included expressionist techniques in some of their major works.
True
The anti-realist Modernist movement ________ idealized technology and war.
Futurism
Bertolt Brecht is associated with the theatrical movement ______
Epic
Presentation of dramatic action through the eyes of the protagonist is a feature of
Expressionism
Making stage elements visible to the audience is a feature of
Epic
The Epic theatre technique of historification means
Using events from history as subject matter
______ was a short-lived, pacifist movement that focused on the illogical.
Dada
______ believed in different artistic mediums being used at once.
Futurism
"anything that is, Dada is; anything that is not, Dada is not".
False
Futurism included both men and women in their movement.
True
______ is an Epic theatre technique which describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict.
Gestus
______ presented unstructured dream imagery onstage.
Surrealism
The Epic theatre technique ______ refers to making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them.
Alienation
Futurism created new plays that ______ of "traditional" plays
compressed
Andre Breton promoted a style that emphasized the subconscious, known as
Surrealism
In the musical documentary, Hair is considered the break through into
Rock and Roll
From the _____, Broadway musicals fell out of step with popular culture
50's
Early audience often _____ during musicals that were later considered hits
walked out
______ is described in the documentary as using a nontraditional storyline and dance as storytelling
west side story
The musical "A Chorus Line" started as
workshops
The recent corporate influence on Broadway is often attributed to
Disney
A 1970s campaign to bring more tourists to New York was ads using actors singing _____
I love New York
Many believed that the end of the golden age of traditional musicals happened when rock music and the civil rights movements changed American culture.
True
______ was the name of Jonathan Larson's rock opera about artists in the New York's Lower East Side.
Rent
Which are usually the most successful shows, and often less expensive to produce: Broadway shows or London imports?
London
The word ______ is often applied to plays that have a strong political or social agenda.
Agit-props
The landmark plays of the 60s, _______, depicted men living an openly gay life.
Boys in the Band
The presentation of extended autobiographical monologues is a characteristic of ______
performance art
The contemporary theatre form ______ is an alternative to commercial theatre in London.
Fringe theatre
_______ has antecedents in the avant-darde experiments of the twentieth century, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings.
Performance art
______ mixes abstraction with realism and high art with popular culture
Postmodernism
______ sometimes involves a director "deconstructing" a text.
Postmodernism
The Wooster Group was associated with the contemporary theatre form _______
Postmodernism
_______ initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing.
Performance art
______ began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present more experimental works
Fringe
Postmodernism is an approach to drama that strives to achieve a correct interpretation of a classical play through extensive background research and strict adherence to only one style
False
The theatrical canon is accepted by Postmodernism artists as definitive.
False
Plays not included in the theatrical canon received bad reviews by critics.
False
The _____ project of the 1930s was created to help theatre artists through the Depression; it included units for African Americans.
Federal Theatre projects
The American government program called _______ has been the subject of much debate due to funding for controversial projects.
National endowment for the arts
El Teatro Campesino was best known for its _______, short performance pieces that called for better lives for workers.
Actos
El Teatro Campesino is still in existence.
True
Suzuki's lasting impact on world theatre will be his work on ______ training.
Actor
Suzuki's work does not emphasize ensemble work.
True
Suzuki's training requires stillness of the body.
False
_______ is a main branch of modern Japanese theatre, the word means "new theatre".
Shingeki
In the above answer, the ______ is the central figure.
Playwright
Western drama has had no influence on modern Asian theatre.
False
Asian traditional theatre continues to this day.
True
In Asian traditional theatre, women are allowed to perform.
False
Kabuki was invented by a ______
Woman
Despite global communication and worldwide commerce, there is a surprising lack of theatrical exchange around the world.
False
Athol Fugard is a contemporary African playwright.
True
Much of contemporary African theatre focuses on the political issue of
Apartheid
There is much debate that African tribal languages should be replaced by ______ when creating theatre in Africa.
English
Early African societies had many traditional performances that were connected to
Rituals
Augusto Boal was a Brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book ______
Theatre of the oppressed
Two forms of theater that Boal experimented with were
Invisible theatre and forum
In the article on Boal, the original experiment took place in a
Grocery store
In the article on Boal, the ______ at the end were fake
Police
Realistic plays
--tackled subjects that were taboo (economic justice, gender double standards, religious hypocrisy)
--no simple judgements and didnt resole action neatly
--dominant style of theatre in 20th century
--not immediately accepted
--plagued by censorship
--dont differentiate good from evil
--power lies in credibility and sense of identity it creates
Naturalism
--focus on sordid and seamy part of life
--believes environment controls us
Surrealism
--created surprising relationships between familiar objects
--presented unstructured dream imagery onstage
--Andre Breton; promoted surrealism as emphasizing on the subconscious
Epic
--alienation of the audience
--Bertolt Brecht
--made stage elements visible to the audience

Historification: using events from history as subject matter
Gestus: describes a physical action that reveals a social conflict
Alienation: making events onstage sufficiently strange so the audience asks questions about them
Futurism
--anti realist modernist movement
--idealized tech. and war
--different artistic mediums being used at once
--included both men and women in their movement
--created new plays that compressed "traditional" plays
expressionism
--presentation of dramatic action through the eyes of the protagonist
Dada
--short lived, pacifist movement that focused on the illogical
performance art
--presentation of extended autobiographical monologues
--antecedents in the avant-darde experiments, such as dada, surrealism, and happenings
--initially emphasized the body as an art object, and later emphasized the visual and ritual aspects of performing
Fringe
--an alternative to commercial theatre in London
--began as a way to circumvent English censorship laws in order to present experimental works
Postmodernism
--mixes abstraction with realism and high art with popular culture
--involves a director "deconstructing" a text
--Wooster Group
Suzuki
--impact is from his work on Actor training
--does not emphasize ensemble work
--training doesnt require stillness of the body
Augusto Boal
--brazilian playwright and theorist noted for his theoretical book theatre of the oppressed
--experimented with invisible theatre and forum
Anton Chekhov
--Sea Gull (dismal failure in first public performance)
--developed tragicomedy (characterizes much of modern drama)