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Terms in this set (35)
1900s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
a town undergoing rapid growth due to sudden prosperity.
Pacific Railroad Act
secession made it possible, built by Irish & Chinese immigrants, coast to coast
Granted 160 acres of land in West if would farm it for 5 years
Dawes Severalty Act
Gradual elimination of tribal land ownership- not really enforced.
Process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture
How did the concept of 'Manifest Destiny' contribute to Western settlement of the U.S. during the late 1800's?
more land for the us
Name 2 minerals that drew thousands West during the mid to late 1800's.
gold and iron
Few miners really strike it rich, who made most of the money during the mining rush?
What happens to most mining boomtowns when the easy mining runs out?
everyone leaves. ghost town.
After mining boomtowns went bust, what type of businesses did the mining?
What incentive did the government offer individuals to move into the West and begin farming?
What were the requirements to be eligible for the Homestead Act?
head of house, 21 years old, us citizen.
How much did you have to pay for a filing fee?
How many years did homesteaders have to live on the land before they could take ownership?
List 3 reasons why farming the Plains was difficult.
little to no wood. very little water and ground is way to hard to grow the crops
Former slaves who became homesteaders became called what?
What 2 inventions allowed farming to be successful on the plains?
reaper and steel plow
What crop does the U.S. become the leading exporter of by the 1880's?
What economic problem hurt farmers in the 1890's due to the success of the Homestead Act and farming the Great Plains?
drough hurt many farmers
What Act was passed in 1862 as an incentive to build the Transcontinental Railroad?
What was the incentive given to the railroad companies to finance and build the Transcontinental Railroad?
The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific were chosen to build the Transcontinental Railroad. What group of immigrants will mainly work for the Union Pacific?
What group of immigrants will mainly work for the Central Pacific?
Cattle were driven from southern Texas to towns on the Great Plains so they could be loaded onto what to be sent to market?
What invention in the 1870's help to bring an end to cattle drives by enclosing the open range?
end of the cattle drive
What caused the 'range wars' between ranchers, sheepherders, and farmers in the west?
As Americans moved west and came into conflict with Native Americans the U.S. government attempted to make a series of agreements to move the Indians off land that the Americans wanted. Many of these agreements were often renegotiated. What were these agreements called?
Where were most Indian tribes removed to, to make room for American expansion?
reservations broken up to
The Dawes Severalty Act (also called Dawes Allotment Act) called for the assimilation of Native Americans. What was the purpose of the Act?
broken up to
What happened to many of the Native Americans that resisted this policy of assimilation?
forced to surrender
Wounded Knee massacre is considered the end of the Indian Wars on the plains, what year did Wounded Knee take place?
What was the Oklahoma Land Rush?
land was unassigned
What natural resources does America exploit from Alaska?
gold timber oil fish
What country did we purchase Alaska from?
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America Moves West SS
Unit 1- Chapter 13- The American West
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