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History Chapter 5 Review
Vocab words and section quizzes; thank you Jonah.
Terms in this set (55)
"Roman Peace"; 31 BC to 180 BC
Co-emperor of half the Roman Empire under Diocetian's plan
Leading political figure of the late republic; outstanding author, scholar, lawyer, and statesmen
"Homer of Rome"; greatest Roman poet, wrote the Aeneid
Friend of Virgil; "Poet of the Augustan Age
wrote about mythology and love; wrote "Metamorphes"
historian, wrote about the history of Rome
poet who wrote bitter satires on the loose morals and social problems of the empire
historian, favored the old republic over life under the self-centered emperors; wrote "Annals" and "Germania"
studied medicine, in particular the lungs, heart, arteries, and blood; his encyclopedia was the accepted medical authority of the Middle Ages
Alexandrian astronomer and mathematician; promoted the idea that the earth was the center of the universe
theory that the earth was the center of the universe
engineering works to supply water to cities
philosophy founded by Epicurus that taught that true happiness comes only as man frees his mind from fear and his body from pain
poet who "expounded" Epicureanism; wrote "On the Nature of Things"
leading stoic in Rome, tutored the emperor Nero, and was an outstanding writer and thinker
philosophy that taught that the highest good is the pursuit of courage, dignity, duty, simplicity of life, and service to follow men
emperor, devoted to stoicism; was a scholar, philosopher, administrator, and the last of the so-called "good emperors" of Rome
"greatest priest"; title that the emperor held
centers of worship of the "scattered" Jews
Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament
Jesus the Christ
"The Anointed One"; sent by God as a sacrifice to redeem fallen man from his sinful condition and provide eternal life to those, who, by faith, trust in Him
Roman governor; found no guilt in Jesus but, to keep the people happy, sentenced Jesus to death by crucifixion
Roman emperor who people thought Jesus opposed
death on a cross
the teaching that Jesus Christ died in the place of sinful humans so that they might be forgiven of their sins and be able to claim as their own the righteousness of Jesus Christ
first Christian martyr; stoned to death
originally name Saul; persecuted the Christian church, but became a Christian after seeing Jesus on the road to Damascus
first official Roman persecutor of Christianity; accused them of setting fire to Rome
last and most widespread Roman persecution; dismissed Christian soldiers, had churches destroyed and copies of Scripture burned
Edict of Milan
edict of Constantine in 313 that made Christianity legal
Roman emperor; made Christianity legal
disrupted the unity of the church by challenging the doctrine of the Trinity and deity of Christ
Council of Nicaea
church council in 325 that affirmed the doctrines of Chris's deity and the Trinity
Roman emperor who made Christianity the official and exclusive religion of the Roman Empire
the lifestyle of withdrawing from all worldly cares and possessions and practicing strict discipline and religious exercises
bishop of one of the most important cities of the empire: Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, and Constantinople
nomadic tribe led by Attila whose advance west forced Germanic tribes to seek refuge in Roman territory
a Germanic tribe that settled in the Eastern Roman empire; defeated Rome at the battle of Adrianople and later sacked Rome
leader of the Visogoths in 410 who lead them into the Italian peninsula and plundered the city of Rome
leader of the Huns who lead them in invading Roman territory
a Germanic tribe that established a kingdom in North Africa; sacked Rome after the Visogoths
princeps, Caesar, Augustus
List 3 titles/names by which Octavian was called
census and 14 years
What did Octavian institute within the empire in order to provide for fairer taxing of provinces? How often did this take place?
offering free grain and amusement
How did many of the self-seeking, corrupt emperors of the late empire win the favor of the people?
What culture greatly influenced Roman culture?
What city was covered by the volcanic ash of Mount Vesuvius and remained undiscovered until the 18th century?
He called them sinners
Why did the Jewish religious leaders reject Jesus as their Messiah?
What heresy challenged the deity of Christ?
-decline in revenue of the government
-increased tax burden
What are some economic problems of Rome?
Which emperor sought to solve the political problems of the Empire?
What emperor divided Rome and gave it to his two sons?
What did the Romans call the Germans settling on the border?
Octavian, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius
List the Roman emperors during the "Pax Romana" in order
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